NEET Examination

National
Eligibility cum Entrance Exam (NEET) is an entrance examination for different
medical courses in private and government colleges of India.  It was first introduced by the Medical
Council of India (MCI) and Dental Council of India (DCI) in 2012 for entrance
of students in different graduate and post graduate medical courses in
India.  The NEET entrance test is
compulsory for admission into government or private medical colleges in the
country.   

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HISTORY

The NEET
examination was first held in the year 2013 with the aim of bringing
transparency in the competitive exams but the NEET examination was cancelled
due to several petitions filed in the apex court against this examination.  However, when Apex Court upholds MCI’s
decision to hold NEET examination on April 28, 2016 following the petition
filed by the Centre, it was held in the year 2016 for admission in different
post graduate and graduate medical courses in the country. The Apex court
turned aside its own earlier judgement of postponing the exam and allowed
Centre to conduct a common medical entrance examination or NEET into two phases
for multiple medical and dental courses in government and private institutions.

 After the verdict of the Apex Court, Central
Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) conducted first phase of common medical
entrance examination for the academic session 2016-17 in which around six lakh
students appeared. After several pleas and demands of State governments, the
union government allowed states to hold separate entrance examination for
admission to medical and dental courses in the respective states.  However, allowing states to hold separate
entrance exams for medical courses would be breach of Supreme Court’s order for
a single entrance exam for all medical and dental courses in India.  Therefore, Union Government promulgated an
ordinance to bypass the Apex court’s verdict on NEET.

SYLLABUS

The
syllabus of NEET- UG exam was first designed and introduced by MCI in 2011 for
admission to the undergraduate medical courses in the country.   The
syllabus for NEET –PG courses is based on the MBBS syllabus as designed by
MCI.  There are several multiple choice
questions for NEET-PG exam and students for this exam must have minimum
eligibility criteria regarding educational qualifications and age limit. 

NEET-PG EXAM

The
first NEET-PG exam was held between 23 November-6th December, 2011
all over the country for selection of students for different PG medical courses
in the colleges.  However, All India
Institute of Medical Sciences (AIMMS) and Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)
were kept outside of purview of NEET as both have been instituted under
separate laws. 

NEET-UG
Exam

NEET-UG
exam was first held on 5th May, 2013 by Central Board of Secondary
Education (CBSE) for admission to undergraduate medical courses in different
colleges. For each correct answer in the exam, a candidate is awarded 4 marks
while for each incorrect answer, one mark is being deducted from the total
marks of a candidate. The NEET undergraduate exam was earlier held in English
and Hindi. But to strong protest from states like Tamil Nadu, Assam and Orissa,
Central Government decided to conduct the combined medical entrance exam or
NEET in other regional languages such as Assamese, Bengali, Tamil, Oriya and
Gujrati from academic session 2016-17 onwards.

COLLEGES COVERED UNDER NEET

As per the
Apex court’s judgment, all government and private medical colleges came under
the purview of NEET.  Therefore,
admission in undergraduate and post graduate medical and dental courses in all
such colleges must be based on the individual scores of students of the NEET
examination.  There are overall 25,840
seats for medical courses in private colleges and 27,490 seats in government
colleges.  There are also 3,521 NEET
Counselling seats and 35,461 NEET Basis seats. 
Out of the total 25,000 medical seats covered by NEET,  15% quota has been reserved by the Government
for students applying for MBBS courses in other states. The present BJP led NDA
government has decided to increase the number of existing PG medical seats by
4,193 from the academic session 2017-18. 
This government decision will allow more students to get admission in PG
medical courses and fulfil their aspiration of becoming doctors. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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