Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, has been subject to the ongoing problem of ethnic and religious tensions since its independence in 1948. In recent years the tensions have grown so strong that the nation now faces the threat of possible genocide or ethnic cleansing. Although the raging hatred between ethnic groups is now at its worst, minorities have been suffering from various human rights abuses since their nation’s independence. There are only seven main ethnic groups that are recognized within Myanmar: the Rakhine, Shan, Kachin, Karen, Karenni, Mon, and Chin, each having their own state within the nation, four out of the seven being primarily Buddhist. The Rakhine people, predominantly Theravada Buddhists, make up four and a half to five percent of the population. Approximately sixty percent of this group is suffering from malnourishment, as well as infrastructure problems, and they lack access to adequate health care and hospitals. However this only accounts for a small part of the problems that Myanmar is facing. The Rohingya, a primarily Muslim eighth group, is also recognized but unlike the other groups, they are heavily discriminated against by both the community and the government. They are seen as illegal immigrants even though they have been well established in the region since the 1400s and were accepted when the area was under British rule. Once Myanmar gained its independence the government passed a law which formally stripped the Rohingya of their right to full citizenship. Another issue is found in the widespread opium problem in the eastern sector of Burma which threatens to cause government corruption in addition to improper taxation, prolonged clashes, and citizen addictions, while in the northeastern region the Kachin people and the Kachin Independence organization face human rights violations from the state. Additional concerns about civil rights violations exist in the southeastern region of Burma due to the ongoing civil war between the Karen and the Bamar along with other human rights violations in regard to the Mon and Chin, while the Rohingya still ranks as one of the most discriminated against minorities in the world and are in need of the most help. The continual engagement in the conflict between the ethnic groups are primarily due to the unfair treatment and segregation of minorities, and it is a problem that must be addressed.    The country of the Netherlands works to combat human rights violations and promote freedom of expression as well as freedom of religion and belief and does not permit discrimination on any grounds. Along with the United States and the Organization of Islamic Conflict (OIC), we are working towards the eradication of human rights issues with an emphasis on issues taking place in Myanmar. Our primary goal in regard to this issue is to work with the government of Myanmar and, in hope to solve the predominant conflicts, we advocate to ratify international documents that would be beneficial to the country. These documents include the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Part of the International Bill of Human Rights, a document in which its parties commit to respect the civil and political rights of individuals, such as the right to life, freedom of religion, and freedom of speech. Some states in Myanmar already affiliated with the OIC wish to enlist investigators to determine whether crimes amounting to genocide have targeted the vulnerable Rohingya people. A conflict our delegation intends to address.    In the effort to resolve the human rights violations that minorities in Myanmar are facing, our delegation would like to propose the possible solution of creating education, health care, and employment opportunities for minorities such as the Rohingya. It is primarily for the lack of these opportunities that the Rohingya are discriminated against, however, the government of Myanmar has also passed laws making it impossible for this group to obtain full citizenship. Through creating opportunities for these people they gain the ability to be looked at as a working contributor to the nation as a whole, rather than as an immigrant to the country alone. Political reforms can also be enacted to gradually stop ethnic and religious discrimination coming from the government and eventually create one unified government with a party system. Although it seems that there are multiple opportunities for rebellions or genocides to take place from the time when the reform is enacted to when it is completed, it is the best way to peacefully resolve the discrimination occurring in the country. Slow change, although it is not quick to help those who need change most, can help prevent large resistances made up those who are against the Rohingya people getting their own rights and representation. With the creation of a party system, representation of each group within the country would be made more attainable in addition to moving peacefully in the direction of ethnic equality within Myanmar


I'm Erica!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out