Mt. Everest is 29,029 feet (8,848 meters) above sea level. Mt. Everest is located in the Mahalangur Range of the Asian Himalayas on the border between Tibet and Nepal.
This Tibetan Plateau is known as Qing Zang Gaoyuan, the geographical name indicated by the US military intelligence. This mountain’s height was first determined in 1856 by George Everest, a British surveyor, who was the mountain’s namesake. Due to this elevation and the mountains ruggedness, there are numerous challenges and dangers to overcome when attempting to summit Mt.
Everest, the highest mountain on the entire planet. On May 29, 1953, Edmund Hillary from New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay, his guide from Nepal, successfully climbed to the top of Mt. Everest for the first time in the history of mankind. These two climbers were the first to experience the many challenges and dangers of summiting Mt. Everest. Risks that climbers face when on Mt. Everest in the extreme weather and atmospheric conditions are: hypoxia (lack of oxygen), hypothermia (loss of body heat), cerebral edema (brain swelling), pulmonary edema (lungs fill with fluid), and pulmonary embolism (lungs clot with blood). Symptoms of these life-threatening medical conditions are: irrational behavior, snow blindness, slurred speech, internal bleeding, loss of consciousness, and loss of motor function.
Some of the weather and atmosphere dangers that climbers face while climbing Mt. Everest are: blizzards, falling rocks, avalanches, storms, and running out of supplies. One of the most common dangers that climbers face is hypothermia (loss of body heat). Hypothermia is when a body loses heat faster than it can be created or replaced. Hypothermia occurs when a body’s temperature falls below 95° F (35° C). When body temperature drops, the climber’s heart and nervous system can not work normally.
Hypothermia can eventually lead to complete failure of the heart and respiratory system, and can eventually lead to death. Shivering, slurred speech or mumbling, slow shallow breath, weak pulse, very low energy, clumsiness, and cold skin are all symptoms of hypothermia. While climbers are travelling up the mountain, the wind removes heat from exposed and poorly insulated parts of the body Another example of a potential danger from climbing Mt. Everest is pulmonary embolism, a blockage in one of the veins or arteries in the lungs. In most cases, pulmonary embolism is caused by blood clots that move from legs to lungs.
Since the clots stop blood flow to the lungs, pulmonary embolism can be life-threatening. For climbers attempting to summit. Mt. Everest, leg pain, swelling in the legs, clammy or discolored skin, fever, excessive sweating, rapid or irregular heartbeat, and lightheadedness or dizziness are all signs of pulmonary embolism. Climbers are at higher risk if anyone in their family has a history of venous blood clots or pulmonary embolism.