Mohandas Gandhi was born October 2, 1869 in Porbandar India.

By age 19 Gandhi had left home to go study law in London. In 1891 he took a position in an Indian law firm that sent him to an office in South Africa. He had taken his wife and their children and stayed there for around 20 years. While there he faced discrimination because he was an Indian immigrant in South Africa. One of his encounters with this discrimination was in a courtroom when a European magistrate asked him to take off his turban, but he refused and left the courtroom. On one of his journeys he was on a train in first class, he was thrown off first class class and beaten for refusing to give up his seat. In 1906 he led a civil disobedience campaign that lasted 8 years, when the final part of the campaign arrived hundreds of indian immigrants went to jail. Thousands of indian miners were either shot or imprisoned.

Finally the South African Government came to an agreement, where poll tax for indians came to an end and the recognizing of Indian marriage.In 1914 he left South Africa to go back to India during the outbreak of WW1. In 1919 he created a passive resistance campaign in reaction to the Rowlatt acts which gave authorities the power to stop certain activities. He eventually had to stop after a massacre that killed led by the British had killed 400 Indians. In 1922 he was held in a trial for sedition and and was pleaded guilty and was put in a prison for a 6 year term, until 1924 where he had a appendicitis surgery and was released. During his time in in prison most things had settled down, but once everyone heard of his release things went back to how they were.

It didn’t take long for Gandhi settled things down, but he attempted to stay away from politics for the next 6 years. In 1930 the salt act was implied making it so that Indian were not allowed to collect or  sell salt and also placed a tax on it which hurt the poor people the most. So Gandhi started another campaign where a 240 mile march took place to the Arabian Sea, upon their arrival they collected sea salt in a protest to get rid of the act.

The government acted by arresting 60,000 Indians and Gandhi. He was releases one year later in 1931 and made a agreement to end the campaign and thousands of prisoners would be set free. Gandhi returned to India where he found himself put in jail once again. After his release in 1934 he left congress and left his leadership with his protege and left politics once again. He came back in 1942 during WW2 to start the Quit India movement, where all the British in the country were to leave.

The same year him his wife were arrested and put in jail,  he served a year and half long sentence and released due to poor health, unfortunately his wife died before he got out. In 1947 India finally got its independence from Britain after 200 years. On 1948 Gandhi was trying to bring peace to the Delhi city, days after that he was shot and killed. He inspired many people and did great things so we won’t forget him.


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