Military trenches were trenches that kept the troops well protected from
their enemies small arms and sheltered from artillery. It was like a
big ditch you went into for the troops to go into so they wouldn’t get
shot. They would dig 2 trenches so many feet apart and the two teams
fighting would go in the trenches. They would all take turns and pop up
and shoot. Who ever won would move down and dig another trench. Fresh
meat was really hard to get. The ration of meat was reduced to 6oz of
billy beef (corned beef). Most soldiers ate ‘Maconchie’s meat stew’ and a
hard biscuits, that was the meal. The Soldiers did not get much sleep
in the trenches.. When they were able to it was in the afternoon during
daylight and at night only for about an hour at a time. They were all
woken up at different times to do their daily chores or to fight. They
wrote letters and sometimes played games to pass time. The soldiers
fighting the First World War was an exceptional circumstance, not
normal. Life consisted of working very hard, soldiers had to keep them
at the front supplied. The frontline Troops were rotated to ensure that
their time was well spent facing the enemy, by taking balanced periods
of rest. This rotation kind of helped the soldiers because with the
balanced periods of rest it helped them keep fighting. The trenches were
very muddy and smelly at times. There was always lots of dead bodies
buried nearby, they stunk and the toilets sometimes overflowed into the
trenches. There were millions of rats in the trenches some were as big
as cats. The soldiers were always bothered by the lice on a Daily basis.
The men were ordered to attack, they would have to climb out of the
trenches carrying their guns/weapons and their heavy equipment. They
would have to move through the enemy’s field of fire over the barbed
wire. They had to keep low to the ground for safety. The soldiers
objective was to reach the enemy’s front line. That’s were the defending
troops would be in their own trenches, they would be using rifles or
bayonets to attack. Once they were eliminated the attacking force seized
the position. These strategics were often unsuccessful and most attacks
were very rare. The attackers often suffered higher casualties then
defenders. The wounded men were carried/escorted back to the fields
Hospital for treatment while the dead were buried. Weapons that were
used were Rifles, Machine guns, Flamethrowers, Mortars, Artillery,
Poison gas, Tanks, Aircrafts, Submarines. The Germans were the ones who
introduced the gas to the western front in an attack. During the war
about 30,000 died from these gas attacks. After a short time
experiencing the gas attack, Baron Empey was wounded in the face and
left shoulder during an attack on German trenches.

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