Mental Health services in Australia, 2011 is one of the foremost online presentation put up by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW). The presentation provides a clear picture on the response of common welfare and health service system provided to people with mental care needs on a national basis (www.aihw.gov.au, 2017). The presentation highlighted that an approximate number of 7 million Australians comprising 45% of Australian population ranging from the domain of age 16 of 85 years, experience a lifetime of mental disorders. Moreover, 3 million Australians comprising 20% of population ranging from age 16-85 years are on the verge of experiencing mental disorder symptoms.Health and welfare services in Australia are provided by an extensive range of professionals and organisations that includes professional practitioners, social workers, public and private agencies and other care providers.
Services that are delivered by them are provided ranging from preventive and public services, in community, to emergency and primary health services. In addition to this, alcohol and drug treatment, hospital-based treatment, child protection services, palliative care and house protection services are also provided.The primary aim of Australian Health and welfare service is to promote general wellbeing and health of the common people as well as provide care, treatment and support services in times of need or illness. It has been observed that majority of the Australian population use the health services of (AIHW) throughout their life in different stages and for a variety of purposes as per the circumstances. Common events of life such as, long-term unemployment, extended sickness, disability, homelessness, use of drugs are the complex challenges that are faced by Australian people.
These conditions possess the capability of reducing the capacity of the people for working as well as participating in regular community and family life. AIHW is always available for the services of such people, who are in need of long-term services and support and make them participate completely in every facets of their regular life.State as well as territory governments in Australia, are responsible for funding and delivery of public sector services of mental health to the people, who are suffering from acute mental condition. These services include specialised care of mental health that are delivered in psychiatric and acute hospital settings, community services for mental care as well as residential mental care units. In addition to this, other health services associated with mental conditions are provided in community settings like social housing programs and accommodation programs. The National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing collected a range of data in 2013 on the access of services related to mental health in the preceding year that is of 2012.
Statistics of this survey highlighted that 35% of people in Australia are suffering from a year old mental disorders. 71%, 38% and 23% used the services of AIHW by means of general practitioner, psychologist and psychiatrist. Majority of the respondents that is approximately 86% reported that they did not require any sort of mental health care .In Australia, services related to mental health are provided involving a variety of ways. Government of Australia subsidises services related to mental health via prescribed medication by Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) and Repatriation Pharmaceutical Benefit Scheme (RPBS). Moreover, territory and state governments deliver services with much broader needs such as support of accommodation support.
Access to psychiatrist, psychologist and other allied health providers are dependent on the eligibility subsidised via initiatives like better accessibility and advanced health treatment. Many reserches demonstrated that there is no existence of such particular definition of service related to mental health. There is prevalence of information regarding the services that are provided to the users associated with mental health treatment. These are found from the sections of relevant reports, data and statistics regarding mental health of people of Australia.
It has been observed that mental illness consists of an extensive range of disorders as well as severity in mental health. Effect of mental illness can impact severely on the patient, his/her family members as well as on the residing community.Social problems that are associated with mental illness are unemployment, homelessness and poverty. These issues along with mental illness experience major problems like discrimination, isolation and stigma in the society. As per the report of AIHW, an approximate $8.5 billion is spent per year in Australia related to mental health services and support. The end to end services of AIHW ensures the availability of strong evidence based on a broad range of welfare and health matters.
This subsequently enables the people of Australia to enhance their decision making capabilities for improved service.In addition to this, same day admitted separations related to mental health in Australia was raised to a number of 59,364 in the year 2015-2016 with an approximate 18 million GP encounters. ED related diagnosis of mental health in 2016 was 273,439. State and territory services of mental health care were 9.
4 million and 36 million prescription related to this illness was dispensed. Mental health resources in Australia consist of 1,206 and 179 community mental health care team and residential services respectively. Moreover, 24,522 registered psychologists as well as 20,834 nurses associated with mental health care makes up the team of Australian Mental Health Workforce, 2015 Mental Health service costs in Australia makes up approximately 6.5% of all the health service related costs.
Four National Mental Health Plans from 1992 till date it provides long-term aim of mental health promotion, enhancing responsiveness and quality of this service, and create a continuous as well as consistent approach to the service reform of mental health. Such systematic cycles of mental health planning allow a consistent shift from within the various approaches of the mental health services within the nation and enhance the performance report of Australian mental health services.