Life of an Immigrant The topic that I will be researching about is Life of a new immigrant throughout the 1900s. The experiences of recent immigrants in Canada have received considerable attention from those that arrived in the 19th century. The reason for this is because several nations and tribes were being treated differently. I am going to inform you about the life of an immigrant and how it is today. Inquiry questions:Why did different groups choose to immigrate to Canada?People  move to different countries to reunite with family members,attend school or  go to work. From  1896 to 1914, Canada experienced one of the largest immigration in the history of the country. In 1896, more than 5 million people had arrived to Canada.By 1914 the population was close to 8 million people.There was lots of land and lots of tribes thought that they could make a beneficial living along with the natural resources Canada had. Alongside, the government wanted immigrants to move to the Northwest and use the land for farming as well as other jobs that could make a good salary. In the 1890’s more food such as vegetables was needed to fill the growing population of Canada. The Prairie provinces Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta were seen as the perfect place to plant new wheat crops.Groups also immigrated to Canada because of the natural resources. In other countries, there was lots of Poverty, so when people heard about this opportunity they wanted to make a move fast. Moreover, the Canadian Pacific Railway also promoted immigration to help construct the railway and to settle around it. To conclude, these were the reasons many groups decided to immigrate to Canada.What was life like for an immigrant? Before coming to Canada, many immigrants farmed casually. Because of this, they were promised they would continue practice after they came to Canada.It was hard work settling in a new country and building homesteads. Homes were also built in forests and swampy areas using logs and clays. In some families, the conditions were so bad that men had to leave for months at a time to work in farms, mines, and the Railway. Setting in groups also meant that new immigrants could help each other in order to get their farm started. This was a big benefit for many immigrants who were trying to grow crops. It also meant that new immigrant was surrounded by familiar people who believed in the same religion and culture. ” If we are ever going to have the North-west populated, we shall not succeed in doing it by standing on our boundary with a club or putting the microscope on every man who wishes to come in the country…( The Ukrainians) are people who have lived in poverty. That is no crime on their part…(They are) of good physique, and they are the people of good intellectual capacity; and they are moral and well-living people” Clifford Sifton, minister of the interior. Because of this Ukrainian immigrants often lived in bloc settlements on the Prairies, it is considered that largest settlement was near Edmonton, and it said that it is still remaining today!What did people who were already living in Canada think of recent immigrants from different countriesPeople have to meet certain requirements before they can move to another country. The government determines who is allowed to immigrate to Canada by establishing immigration laws. The First Nations such as Mohawk and Cree were already settling in Canada before the new immigrants came. They felt that lots of jobs were going to be equipped since there were over 8 million residents. They did not like it because they would have to share their natural resources and transportation methods. After a couple of years, the First Nations thought it was fine because different tribes would trade goods they needed. The First Nations also made bonds of friendship with the new immigrants and tried their best to help the Ukrainian tribe. First, they did not like it but after First nations benefited from the trading business. This is how the  First Nations reacted to the growing population of Canada.Step 4: Describing the key similarities and differencesIn what ways is the life of a new immigrant to Canada today different from that of an immigrant around 1900s?The life of a new immigrant was really different from the life we have today. The reason is that many people suffered from Poverty in the 1900s, an example would be the Ukrainian immigrants. Today most people in Canada have shelter and food. The government today is also providing shelter to people who do not have access to food. In the 1900s there were only limited jobs available, this included farming. In today’s society, there are over 5 billion jobs that are available. In the 1900s people had trouble settling in an area or community. Statistics also show that 70 percent of people in the world are working. In 1900s homes were mostly built with logs, comparing it to today homes are mostly made out of bricks so that makes life harder for people settling in 1900. There are many shelters in today’s world then there were in the mid-1900s. This includes basements, apartments, townhouses and many more. The technology was also not invented by the early 1900s and today people cannot even survive a day without technology. Learning rights are also changes, and kids today go to school. In the 1900s only the rich kids would attend schools. This made it really unfair to children whose family was desperate and they did not have the opportunity to succeed in life.Technology has advanced a lot when we are comparing it today and the 1900s. Food was also a difference and residents in 1900s, the diet would usually consist of wheat and other crops. In the society today, there are lots of food choices such as pizza, subway, and salads. Immigrants rights in the 1900s differed from the rights today. This is because some nations such as the Chinese were not being treated fairly. Today Canada is well known for its multiculturalism.The life of an immigrant today is much easier because kids can go to school and lots of jobs are still open to people who have immigrated recently. In comparison, I believe that life was much harder in the 1900s. To conclude this there, were a list of differences between immigrants today and 1900.    In what ways was life the same?(for immigrants today and the 1900s)There are lots of ways how life has been same for immigrants today and the 1900s. Firstly immigrants religions, cultures and beliefs have not changed. People still value their religion. The Jewish and Indian community in the 1900s believed in many stories and it is still remembered today. Food was also the same, most people still farm in today’s world. Although there are food markets most of the crops and vegetables were grown on fresh farms in Canada. Life is also the same because remedies are still used. When people in the 1900s used to be sick or suffered from a severe injury saints used home remedies to cure them. Immigrants today still use home remedies when someone gets sick because in the 1900s they did have bottles containing medicines. This is how life was the same for immigrants today and 1900.What accounts for some of their differences?Because of any reason, people from 1900 did not tend to have the same lifestyle today. This may because of the temperature and weather conditions, maybe it was really cold in the 1900s and people were working in harsh circumstances. Some immigrants lived in dry and hill areas so it was hard for them to access daily needs. Not only this some communities might have different rights, for example in the 1900s only rich people could go to school, and that is what caused some differences.Lastly, rules and regulations of government also caused these differences. This is because the government did not do anything when Chinese immigrants were being treated differently. They took a long time to realize this and finally the Chinese immigrants got their right, but most of them spend their life working on the Canadian Pacific Railway.Step #5 Analyse some of the challengesWhich groups were facing challenges they did not think was fair?    Chinese immigrants were facing lots of challenges, and they did not think it was fair.Chinese immigrants were dedicated workers and after the Canadian Pacific Railway was made, the government created several policies which were meant to exclude Chinese workers.Therefore, in 1885 the government created the head tax or an amount of money an Chinese immigrant would have to pay in order to enter Canada. How would you feel if this was still continuing today? We are lucky that residents who are living in Canada do not have to worry about this as it is a multicultural country. The head tax was approximately 50 dollars but it increased after 1885. The immigration act of 1908 stated that all immigrants coming to Canada had to travel on a continuous journey from their country. Black farmers in the United States were tired of this discrimination and that is why they tried to protest. The Sikh people were also affected, this is because when they tried entering the country they were denied and asked to return back to India even though they came from a ship called the Komagata Maru. The Sikh people patiently waited on board for about two months and Canadian government denied to offer food and water to the passengers. In 1911 approximately 1500 black farmers from the United States took up settlements in Western Canada, some people who worked in the government reacted to immigration by using methods to discourage discrimination. On top of that, some of the government employees also spread information that would discourage black people to come to Canada. Black people were denied the same privileges that the white pope had. They also could not join any organization, clubs, and sports leagues which were formed by white people. These harsh rules, lead to black people having a rough life in the 1900s. The Italian workers were also facing many challenges in the 18th and 19th century. They were mostly given temporary jobs which included mining, constructing the railway and lumber industries. The Italian men who came were often treated very poorly by other employees. They need to send back money to their families and they were given very less pay so they got furious. ” Course, rough, uneducated, peasants from South Italy, the only advantage being strong frames and tough sinews that made them an invaluable acquisition to Canada for performing the rough, dirty work, such as handling coal”- Unnamed Lawyer. Not only Italians had to face this incident many Jewish people had to go through the same event and even they had a protest in the early 1900s. In Canada today we officially have the same rights as men do. The can work in any profession and wear what they want. This was not the case in the 19th century.Although more women were joining the workforce most women were also mothers and wives to children and husbands. After a few years, this changed when many women’s organization were supporting black women. They were led by the upper class and white people. After fews years in the mid 19th century, black women had the same opportunities as other women such as working and participating in sports. These were some of the major challenges that some tribes, nations, communities, and groups had to face. We should be thankful that today everyone is having the same rights as others and everyone is allowed to enter a region or country.Step 6: Analyse some of their challengesWhy did some workers in this period join unions, and what did the unions advocateChinese, Italian, African, Jewish, First Nations and much more needed to join a work or labor force. Work usually consisted of farming and shipping goods to other countries. They joined work because they needed to make money in order to make a successful living. Some immigrants also made money to send it to their families living in other parts of the world. The unions advocated that they will get lots of money for doing the job, for example when the Chinese immigrants completed the task of the Canadian Pacific Railway the government denied their promise and created the head tax. Other black people also said that they wanted to get a chance to farm in Canada, but the government did not allow this. They even came up with a fake news which consisted why black people will not be successful in Canada. Finally, when all these tasks changed and people got the same rights as others government was paying enough money and settlers could buy daily life items. However, more than half of the Chinese workers died in completing the Canadian Pacific Railway. The government took awhile to notice that several communities were being treated unfairly and we are lucky that anyone can work at whatever job they want to, and it does not matter about the gender. This is why workers decided to join unions and this is what unions advocate.Did immigrants have to take action to get the same right as Canadians? If so, what were these actions?Immigrants had to take action in order to get rights as other Canadians. These immigrants consisted of Chinese, Italian, Jewish, Sikh, and Africans. The Italian and the Jewish immigrants had to protest in order to get the same rights. The Sikh community had to protest in a ship for over 2 months. Despite all of this waiting, the government didn’t do anything and declined to offer food and water. The African tried to take action but unfortunately, they could not travel to become farmers. The black women also had to take action for their rights. The government did not do anything but after a few years, many other organization helped the black women. These were the actions immigrants had to take in order to get the same rights.


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