Lanika PersaudProf. RobinsonEnglish 101012 December 2017The Fall of the Roman EmpireThe Roman Empire was one of the most well-known and influential periods of the Roman Empire.
They had power wealth and even half the world, they built one of the strongest and vast empires the world has ever seen, they came from nothing to something awesome. It was home to many famous people such as Julius Caesar who reigned from 100 to 44 BC. There was also Marc Antony Caesar’s grandson and lieutenant, Cleopatra she was the daughter of the king of Egypt, Nero, Constantine, and even Jesus Christ. At its prime the Roman Empire territory stretched from the Atlantic Coastline to the Middle East, raining over 60 million people, one fifth of the population of the ancient world. The Roman Empire didn’t fall overnight just as they weren’t built up in overnight, it was not single dramatic event that lead to their fall but it was a series of events, which took place over 300 years. However, the Empire’s treatments of their people lead to their downfall.
The Roman Empire owed its existence to Julius Caesar, because of his military genius and Leadership. After Julius Caesar had defeated the last supporters of his rival Pompey, the Senate’s embraced the peace and made Caesar dictator for life in 44 BCE. Even though he was assassinated 2 months later by conspirators who claimed they were defending of the Constitution, his popularity among his soldiers insured that the empire did not return to the power struggle that they had before but eventually it did because his Lieutenant Marc Anthony had his adopted son Octavian had a struggle for power.
“The Western Roman Empire crumbled after a nearly 500-year run as the world’s greatest superpower. Historians have blamed the collapse on hundreds of different factors ranging from military failures and crippling taxation to natural disasters and even climate change still others argue that the Roman Empire didn’t fall in 476 A.D, since its eastern half continued for another thousand years in the form of Byzantine Empire.” (History.com)”The decline of Rome was the natural and inevitable effect of immoderate greatness. The story of its ruin is simple and obvious; and instead of inquiring why the Roman Empire was destroyed, we should rather be surprised that it had subsisted so long.”(Gibbon, History of the Decline and fall of the Roman Empire.
)The fall of Rome is an example of the chain-reaction, it was the Huns invading from the East caused the reaction, and they pushed into Goths who then pushed into the Roman Empire. The Huns no longer wanted to be mercenaries for the Roman Empire they demanded Compensation and other payments usually in the form of money. Because the Romans had to give the Huns compensation each time they empire, which led to a reduction in economic activity because there was not enough money in circulation. Under Constantine the cities lost their revenue from local taxes and under Constantius the second they lost their endowments of property.(History.
com)Constant invasions from the Huns were devastating to the Empire, the Huns Enjoyed plundering the cities and destroying it. Because there was no longer much money in circulation in the Empire, they could no longer afford to buy off the Barbarian tribes that had occupied much of the empire along with the Goths and the other tribes. Instead of receiving payments they demanded land and exchange for their obedience to the emperor and to resist from attacking Roman territory.
afford to hire Mercenaries the Empire began to get plundered. In the third century the Sassanid Empire delivered three crushing defeats to the Roman armies and remained a constant threat. Under Constantius bandits took control of areas, the empire had to build fortifications to keep them out which meant they lost their hold on local territories. (Gibbon)The Empire was under attack from outside pay, the slaves could not contribute to the economy or purchase goods with which to increase productivity. The government spent much of its money on the lower-class, As a result of this the government as a result of this the government did not have enough money to support its military. With its economy declining, the Empire began to lose its grip on Europe. The Empire’s dependency on slave labor contributed to its decline.
In all of its grandeur the Empire stretched from the Atlantic Ocean all the way to the Euphrates River in the Middle East because of their vastness this lead to part of their downfall. They were unable to communicate from the enemy. Because the Because of the Empire’s large size that made it difficult to to such a size that they decided on whether an emperor should “Over the next 100 years after 186 A.D the empire had 37 different emperors, 25 of which were assassinated. Many of the emperors were corrupt with power and wanted to become the emperor for their own personal gain. This caused the Roman people to distrust the government, thus further weakening the empire.”(Falloftheempire.com)Some historians have argued that the spread of Christianity also lead to the fall of the empire.
When the empire emperor with sacrifices; they refused to worship Roman gods to protect the state. Christians disrupted rituals and broke scared images belonging to the Romans. In the 4th century with the emperor Constantine, who The empire also had a decline in morals, especially in the rich upper class, sacrifices, lewd acts and sexual promiscuity in the arena just for the amusement of the crowd.Romans suffered from lead poisoning, the presence of lead in the drinking water leached in from water pipes in the immense water control system. Lead Due to this Rome abandoned the province of Dacia and some other provinces. The Roman Empire was once a vast empire that was reduced to ruins after years of struggle for power, corruption, inflation and war. It just shows no matter how grand an empire is eventually it will crumble after years of mishandling.The Grandeur that was Rome:Cast your eyes on the Palatine hill and seek, among the shapeless and enormous fragments, the marble theater, the obelisks, the colossal statues, the porticoes of Nero’s palace; survey the other hills of the city; the vacant space is interrupted only by ruins and gardens.
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