Kalyani Avhad1, Kanchan Avhad2,
Gayatri Bhosale3, Kamini Kamale4

1Department of
Computer Engineering, RHSCOE,Nashik

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2 Department
of Computer Engineering, RHSCOE,Nashik

3 Deaprtment of Computer Engineering,
RHSCOE,Nashik

4 Deaprtment of Computer Engineering,
RHSCOE,Nashik

 

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Abstract –
The problem of voting is still critical in terms
of safety and security. This paper deals with the design and development of a
web-based voting system using fingerprint and aadhaar card in order to provide
a high performance with high security to the voting system .Also we use web
technology to make the voting system more practical. The proposed Online Voting
System allows the voters to scan their fingerprint, which is then matched with
an already saved image within a database that is retrieved from aadhaar card
database of the government. The voting system is managed in a simpler way as
all the users must login by aadhaar card number and password and click on his/her
favorable candidates to cast the vote. This will increase the voting percentage
in India and reduces the cost of voting process. By using biometric fingerprint
it provides enough security which reduces the false votes.

 

 

1. INTRODUCTION

 

The proposed system is the Biometric online voting
system with biometric fingerprint using aadhaar card. It determines the
particular voter by his/her fingerprint whether he/she is a valid voter or not.
It allows particular voter to cast the vote online and update the database in
the server. Biometric online voting system uses aadhaar card to retrieve the
complete details about the voter. Aadhaar (English: Foundation) is a 12 digit
unique-identity number issued to all Indian residents based on their biometric
and demographic data. The data is collected by the Unique Identification
Authority of India (UIDAI), a statutory authority established in January 2009
by the Government of India, under the Ministry of Electronics and Information
Technology, under the provisions of the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial
and other Subsidies, benefits and services) Act, 2016.

Aadhaar is the world’s largest biometric ID system,
with over 1.19 billion enrolled members as of 30 Nov 2017, representing over
99% of Indians aged 18 and above. World Bank Chief Economist Paul Romer
described Aadhaar as “the most sophisticated ID programme in the world”.
Aadhaar is a proof of residence and not a proof of citizenship, and it does not
itself grant any rights to domicile in India. In June 2017, the Home Ministry
clarified that Aadhaar is not a valid identification document for Indians
travelling to Nepal and Bhutan. Despite the comparisons, India’s Aadhaar
project is nothing like America’s Social Security number as it has more uses
and fewer safeguards. Prior to the enactment of the Act, UIDAI functioned as an
attached office of Planning Commission (now NITI Aayog) since 28 January 2009.
On 3 March 2016, a money bill was introduced in the Parliament to give
legislative backing to Aadhaar. On 11 March 2016, the Aadhaar (Targeted
Delivery of Financial and other Subsidies, benefits and services) Act, 2016 was
passed in the Lok Sabha.

Aadhaar is the subject of several rulings by the
Supreme Court of India. On 23 September 2013, the Supreme Court issued an
interim order saying that “no person should suffer for not getting
Aadhaar” as the government cannot deny a service to a resident if s/he
does not possess Aadhaar, as it is voluntary and not mandatory. The court also
limited the scope of the program and reinstated the voluntary nature in other
rulings. On 24 August 2017, the Indian Supreme Court delivered a landmark verdict
on Right to Privacy as a fundamental right, overruling previous judgments on
the issue. As of November 2017, a five-judge constitutional bench of the
Supreme Court is yet to hear various cases relating to the validity of Aadhaar
on various grounds including privacy, surveillance and exclusion from welfare
benefits. On 9th January 2017, the five-judge Constitution bench of the Supreme
Court of India reserved its judgement on the interim relief sought by petitions
to extend the deadline making Aadhaar mandatory for everything from bank
accounts to mobile services. The court said that the final hearing for the
extension Aadhaar Linking Deadlines will start from 17 January 2018. Some civil
liberty groups, like Citizens Forum for Civil Liberties and Indian Social
Action Forum (INSAF), have also opposed the project over privacy concerns.

 

 

2. RELATED WORK

 

Many e-voting protocols have been proposed
from both theoretical and practical perspectives in the literature. However, to
the best of our knowledge, no complete solution has been found because of the
importance of security requirements in voting systems such as privacy,
accuracy, fairness and robustness. E-voting protocols have an anonymity
requirement, which means the unlinkability between the voter and his cast vote.
Anonymity is the primary requirement of the e-voting protocols in order to
satisfy voter privacy.

Fraud and system violations can be done
without being detected in anonymous environments. This characteristic of
e-voting forces the researchers to find a way to persuade the voter that his
vote is really counted and the voting is done properly. This requirement is
named as verifiability and used many years in the literature. In software
engineering, verification is the process of verifying that the system complies
with design specifications and formally specified properties, such as
consistency and redundancy; and validation is the process of validating that
the system satisfies the intended use and fulfills the user requirements (IEEE
1996). In other words, verification is building the system right and validation
is building the right system. In an ideal world, a verified system would be
naturally validated, but this is far from what is currently possible in
practice. Even if it is possible to specify formally all of the user
requirements, and then to verify that a system conforms to this specification,
there would still be no guarantee that the requirements were correct.
Verification can be viewed as a part of validation, it is unlikely that a system
that is not built right to be the right system. However, verification is
unlikely to be the whole of validation, due to the difficulty of specifying user
requirements. Therefore, it seems that validation should be more than verification.

Himanshu Agarwal, G.N. Pandeyproposed an On-line Voting System for
India Based on AADHAAR ID Dec 2013 In this model a person can also vote from
outside of his/her allotted constituency or from his/her preferred location. Ankit
Anand, Pallavi Divya proposed An Efficient Online Voting System July-Aug 2012.
Voting schemes have evolved from counting hands in early days to systems that
include paper, punch card, mechanical lever and optical-scan
machines.Alaguvel.R1,Gnanavel.G2,Jagadhambal.K3 Proposed Bio-metrics Using
Electronic Voting System With Embedded Security March 2013. Voting schemes have
evolved from counting hands in early days to systems that include paper, punch
card, mechanical lever and optical-scan machines.

Hazzaa1,Seifedine Kadry2,Oussama Kassem Zeinproposed Web-Based Voting
System Using Fingerprint: Design And Implementation Dec 2012. The problem of
voting is still critical in terms of safety and security. This paper deals with
the design and development of a web-based voting system using fingerprint in
order to provide a high performance with high security to the voting system
also we use web technology to make the voting system more practical.

 

3. PROBLEM STATEMENT

 

 To design
a system

1.Allows the voters to scan their fingerprint,
which is then matched with an already saved image within a database that is
retrieved from aadhaar card database of the government.

2.The voting system is managed in a simpler way
as all the users must login by aadhaar card number and One Time password and
click on his/her favorable candidates to cast the vote.

3. Increase the voting percentage in India and
reduces the cost of voting process. By using biometric fingerprint it provides
enough security which reduces the false votes.

 

4. GOALS and OBJECTIVES

 

Goals:

_ Identify intended voter using aahar card
number.

_ System is used for avoid fake voting.

_ System provide high security for voting
system.

_ use secured database using UID.

 

Objectives:

_ This is a voting system by which any voter can
use his/her voting rights from anywhere in the country.

_ Voter can cast their votes from anywhere in
the country without visiting to voting booths, in highly secured way.

_ To makes voting a fearless of violence and
that increases the percentage of voting.

_ various drawbacks such as time consuming,
consumes large volume of paper work, no direct role for the higher officials,
damage of machines due to lack of attention, mass update doesn’t allows users
to update and edit many item simultaneously etc.

 

5. SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE

Fig -1: System Architecture

 

A description of the
program architecture is presented. The proposed system is the Biometric online
voting system with biometric fingerprint using aadhaar card. It determines the
particular voter by his/her fingerprint whether he/she is a valid voter or not.
It allows particular voter to cast the vote on-line and update the database in
the server. Biometric online voting system uses aadhaar card to retrieve the
complete details about the voter.

This system proposes a secure online e-voting
system that uses UIDAI or aadhaar database as its backend. The system ensures
authentication of an individual by matching fingerprints and eligibility is
checked by calculating the age of the voter thus making the existing voting
cards redundant. The proposed system can handle voting at different levels such
as Parliamentary, Municipality, State legislative assembly, etc simultaneously.
The project will bring transparency in the voting process by assuring the
voters that their votes will be in favor of the candidates of their choice.
Besides electronic recording and counting of votes will be faster, more
accurate and less labor intensive. The design of this system will make voting
process more convenient and may therefore lead to improve the turnout.

 

6. MATHEMATICAL MODEL

S=U, I, O, P

Where,

U
= Set of users

Ui
= {u1,u2,u3,… … …,un}

Where
n>0

=
ex. Primary user.

 

I
= Set of Inputs

Ii
= {i1, i2, i3,… … …, in}

Where
n>0

=
ex. Election ID and aadhaar ID

 

Output=
{vote done successfully}

P
= Set of Processes

Pi
= {p1,p2,p3,… … …,pn}

Where
n>0

 

8. SYSTEM OVERVIEW

Fig -2: System Overview

 

 

 

 

Fig -3: System Overview

 

Fig -4: System Overview

 

 

 

8. CONCLUSION

By using the aadhar card
we implemented the system which increases the voter’s privacy. The system also
managed in simpler way as well as secure to voting system. The aadhaar will
provide the unique identification to each voter so the breach of privacy is get
avoided. It will also serve as the basis for Know Your Customer (KYC) norms
used by banks, financial institutions, telecom firms and other businesses that
maintain customer profiles. Aadhaar numbers will eventually serve as the basis
for a database with which disadvantaged Indian residents can access services
that have been denied to them due to lack of identification documents. In
future scope, we want to implement the system for election system in
India. 

 

 

REFERENCES

 

1    
Ankit Anand1 , Pallavi Divya2 ,An E_cient
Online Voting System, Vol.2,Issue.4, July-Aug. 2012, pp-2631-2634.

2    
Alaguvel.R1,Gnanavel.G2,Jagadhambal.K3,
Biometrics Using Electronic Voting System With Embedded Security, Vol. 2,Issue
3,March 2013.

3    
Firas I. Hazzaa1,Seifedine Kadry2,Oussama
Kassem Zein3, Web-BasedVoting System Using Fingerprint: Design And
Implementation, Vol. 2, Issue.4,Dec 2012.

4    
Malwade Nikita1, Patil Chetan2, Chavan
Suruchi3, Prof. Raut S. Y4,Secure Online Voting System Proposed By Biometrics
And Steganography,Vol. 3, Issue 5, May 2013.

5    
Ankit Anand1 , Pallavi Divya2 ,An E_cient
Online Voting System, Vol.2,Issue.4, July-Aug. 2012, pp-2631-2634.

6    
Alaguvel.R1,Gnanavel.G2,Jagadhambal.K3,
Biometrics Using Electronic Voting System With Embedded Security, Vol. 2,Issue.
3,March 2013.

7    
Firas I. Hazzaa1,Seifedine Kadry2,Oussama
Kassem Zein3, Web-Based Voting System Using Fingerprint: Design And
Implementation, Vol. 2, Issue.4,Dec 2012.

8    
Malwade Nikita1, Patil Chetan2, Chavan
Suruchi3, Prof. Raut S. Y4, Secure Online Voting System Proposed By Biometrics
And Steganography,Vol. 3, Issue 5, May 2013.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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