Kalyani Avhad1, Kanchan Avhad2,Gayatri Bhosale3, Kamini Kamale4 1Department ofComputer Engineering, RHSCOE,Nashik2 Departmentof Computer Engineering, RHSCOE,Nashik3 Deaprtment of Computer Engineering,RHSCOE,Nashik4 Deaprtment of Computer Engineering,RHSCOE,Nashik  ———————————————————————***———————————————————————Abstract -The problem of voting is still critical in termsof safety and security.

This paper deals with the design and development of aweb-based voting system using fingerprint and aadhaar card in order to providea high performance with high security to the voting system .Also we use webtechnology to make the voting system more practical. The proposed Online VotingSystem allows the voters to scan their fingerprint, which is then matched withan already saved image within a database that is retrieved from aadhaar carddatabase of the government. The voting system is managed in a simpler way asall the users must login by aadhaar card number and password and click on his/herfavorable candidates to cast the vote. This will increase the voting percentagein India and reduces the cost of voting process. By using biometric fingerprintit provides enough security which reduces the false votes.  1. INTRODUCTION  The proposed system is the Biometric online votingsystem with biometric fingerprint using aadhaar card.

It determines theparticular voter by his/her fingerprint whether he/she is a valid voter or not.It allows particular voter to cast the vote online and update the database inthe server. Biometric online voting system uses aadhaar card to retrieve thecomplete details about the voter. Aadhaar (English: Foundation) is a 12 digitunique-identity number issued to all Indian residents based on their biometricand demographic data.

The data is collected by the Unique IdentificationAuthority of India (UIDAI), a statutory authority established in January 2009by the Government of India, under the Ministry of Electronics and InformationTechnology, under the provisions of the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financialand other Subsidies, benefits and services) Act, 2016. Aadhaar is the world’s largest biometric ID system,with over 1.19 billion enrolled members as of 30 Nov 2017, representing over99% of Indians aged 18 and above. World Bank Chief Economist Paul Romerdescribed Aadhaar as “the most sophisticated ID programme in the world”.Aadhaar is a proof of residence and not a proof of citizenship, and it does notitself grant any rights to domicile in India. In June 2017, the Home Ministryclarified that Aadhaar is not a valid identification document for Indianstravelling to Nepal and Bhutan. Despite the comparisons, India’s Aadhaarproject is nothing like America’s Social Security number as it has more usesand fewer safeguards. Prior to the enactment of the Act, UIDAI functioned as anattached office of Planning Commission (now NITI Aayog) since 28 January 2009.

On 3 March 2016, a money bill was introduced in the Parliament to givelegislative backing to Aadhaar. On 11 March 2016, the Aadhaar (TargetedDelivery of Financial and other Subsidies, benefits and services) Act, 2016 waspassed in the Lok Sabha. Aadhaar is the subject of several rulings by theSupreme Court of India.

On 23 September 2013, the Supreme Court issued aninterim order saying that “no person should suffer for not gettingAadhaar” as the government cannot deny a service to a resident if s/hedoes not possess Aadhaar, as it is voluntary and not mandatory. The court alsolimited the scope of the program and reinstated the voluntary nature in otherrulings. On 24 August 2017, the Indian Supreme Court delivered a landmark verdicton Right to Privacy as a fundamental right, overruling previous judgments onthe issue. As of November 2017, a five-judge constitutional bench of theSupreme Court is yet to hear various cases relating to the validity of Aadhaaron various grounds including privacy, surveillance and exclusion from welfarebenefits. On 9th January 2017, the five-judge Constitution bench of the SupremeCourt of India reserved its judgement on the interim relief sought by petitionsto extend the deadline making Aadhaar mandatory for everything from bankaccounts to mobile services.

The court said that the final hearing for theextension Aadhaar Linking Deadlines will start from 17 January 2018. Some civilliberty groups, like Citizens Forum for Civil Liberties and Indian SocialAction Forum (INSAF), have also opposed the project over privacy concerns.   2. RELATED WORK Many e-voting protocols have been proposedfrom both theoretical and practical perspectives in the literature.

However, tothe best of our knowledge, no complete solution has been found because of theimportance of security requirements in voting systems such as privacy,accuracy, fairness and robustness. E-voting protocols have an anonymityrequirement, which means the unlinkability between the voter and his cast vote.Anonymity is the primary requirement of the e-voting protocols in order tosatisfy voter privacy.Fraud and system violations can be donewithout being detected in anonymous environments. This characteristic ofe-voting forces the researchers to find a way to persuade the voter that hisvote is really counted and the voting is done properly. This requirement isnamed as verifiability and used many years in the literature. In softwareengineering, verification is the process of verifying that the system complieswith design specifications and formally specified properties, such asconsistency and redundancy; and validation is the process of validating thatthe system satisfies the intended use and fulfills the user requirements (IEEE1996). In other words, verification is building the system right and validationis building the right system.

In an ideal world, a verified system would benaturally validated, but this is far from what is currently possible inpractice. Even if it is possible to specify formally all of the userrequirements, and then to verify that a system conforms to this specification,there would still be no guarantee that the requirements were correct.Verification can be viewed as a part of validation, it is unlikely that a systemthat is not built right to be the right system. However, verification isunlikely to be the whole of validation, due to the difficulty of specifying userrequirements. Therefore, it seems that validation should be more than verification.Himanshu Agarwal, G.N. Pandeyproposed an On-line Voting System forIndia Based on AADHAAR ID Dec 2013 In this model a person can also vote fromoutside of his/her allotted constituency or from his/her preferred location.

AnkitAnand, Pallavi Divya proposed An Efficient Online Voting System July-Aug 2012.Voting schemes have evolved from counting hands in early days to systems thatinclude paper, punch card, mechanical lever and optical-scanmachines.Alaguvel.R1,Gnanavel.G2,Jagadhambal.K3 Proposed Bio-metrics UsingElectronic Voting System With Embedded Security March 2013.

Voting schemes haveevolved from counting hands in early days to systems that include paper, punchcard, mechanical lever and optical-scan machines.Hazzaa1,Seifedine Kadry2,Oussama Kassem Zeinproposed Web-Based VotingSystem Using Fingerprint: Design And Implementation Dec 2012. The problem ofvoting is still critical in terms of safety and security. This paper deals withthe design and development of a web-based voting system using fingerprint inorder to provide a high performance with high security to the voting systemalso we use web technology to make the voting system more practical.

 3. PROBLEM STATEMENT   To designa system1.Allows the voters to scan their fingerprint,which is then matched with an already saved image within a database that isretrieved from aadhaar card database of the government.

2.The voting system is managed in a simpler wayas all the users must login by aadhaar card number and One Time password andclick on his/her favorable candidates to cast the vote.3. Increase the voting percentage in India andreduces the cost of voting process. By using biometric fingerprint it providesenough security which reduces the false votes.

 4. GOALS and OBJECTIVES  Goals:_ Identify intended voter using aahar cardnumber._ System is used for avoid fake voting._ System provide high security for votingsystem._ use secured database using UID.

 Objectives:_ This is a voting system by which any voter canuse his/her voting rights from anywhere in the country._ Voter can cast their votes from anywhere inthe country without visiting to voting booths, in highly secured way._ To makes voting a fearless of violence andthat increases the percentage of voting.

_ various drawbacks such as time consuming,consumes large volume of paper work, no direct role for the higher officials,damage of machines due to lack of attention, mass update doesn’t allows usersto update and edit many item simultaneously etc. 5. SYSTEM ARCHITECTUREFig -1: System Architecture A description of theprogram architecture is presented.

The proposed system is the Biometric onlinevoting system with biometric fingerprint using aadhaar card. It determines theparticular voter by his/her fingerprint whether he/she is a valid voter or not.It allows particular voter to cast the vote on-line and update the database inthe server. Biometric online voting system uses aadhaar card to retrieve thecomplete details about the voter.This system proposes a secure online e-votingsystem that uses UIDAI or aadhaar database as its backend. The system ensuresauthentication of an individual by matching fingerprints and eligibility ischecked by calculating the age of the voter thus making the existing votingcards redundant. The proposed system can handle voting at different levels suchas Parliamentary, Municipality, State legislative assembly, etc simultaneously.

The project will bring transparency in the voting process by assuring thevoters that their votes will be in favor of the candidates of their choice.Besides electronic recording and counting of votes will be faster, moreaccurate and less labor intensive. The design of this system will make votingprocess more convenient and may therefore lead to improve the turnout.

 6. MATHEMATICAL MODELS=U, I, O, PWhere,U= Set of usersUi= {u1,u2,u3,..

. … ..

.,un}Wheren>0=ex. Primary user.

 I= Set of InputsIi= {i1, i2, i3,… … .

.., in}Wheren>0=ex. Election ID and aadhaar ID Output={vote done successfully}P= Set of ProcessesPi= {p1,p2,p3,… ..

. …,pn}Wheren>0 8. SYSTEM OVERVIEWFig -2: System Overview    Fig -3: System Overview Fig -4: System Overview   8. CONCLUSIONBy using the aadhar cardwe implemented the system which increases the voter’s privacy.

The system alsomanaged in simpler way as well as secure to voting system. The aadhaar willprovide the unique identification to each voter so the breach of privacy is getavoided. It will also serve as the basis for Know Your Customer (KYC) normsused by banks, financial institutions, telecom firms and other businesses thatmaintain customer profiles. Aadhaar numbers will eventually serve as the basisfor a database with which disadvantaged Indian residents can access servicesthat have been denied to them due to lack of identification documents. Infuture scope, we want to implement the system for election system inIndia.    REFERENCES 1    Ankit Anand1 , Pallavi Divya2 ,An E_cientOnline Voting System, Vol.2,Issue.4, July-Aug.

2012, pp-2631-2634.2    Alaguvel.R1,Gnanavel.G2,Jagadhambal.K3,Biometrics Using Electronic Voting System With Embedded Security, Vol. 2,Issue3,March 2013.3    Firas I. Hazzaa1,Seifedine Kadry2,OussamaKassem Zein3, Web-BasedVoting System Using Fingerprint: Design AndImplementation, Vol.

2, Issue.4,Dec 2012.4    Malwade Nikita1, Patil Chetan2, ChavanSuruchi3, Prof. Raut S. Y4,Secure Online Voting System Proposed By BiometricsAnd Steganography,Vol. 3, Issue 5, May 2013.5    Ankit Anand1 , Pallavi Divya2 ,An E_cientOnline Voting System, Vol.2,Issue.

4, July-Aug. 2012, pp-2631-2634.6    Alaguvel.R1,Gnanavel.G2,Jagadhambal.K3,Biometrics Using Electronic Voting System With Embedded Security, Vol.

2,Issue.3,March 2013.7    Firas I. Hazzaa1,Seifedine Kadry2,OussamaKassem Zein3, Web-Based Voting System Using Fingerprint: Design AndImplementation, Vol. 2, Issue.

4,Dec 2012.8    Malwade Nikita1, Patil Chetan2, ChavanSuruchi3, Prof. Raut S. Y4, Secure Online Voting System Proposed By BiometricsAnd Steganography,Vol. 3, Issue 5, May 2013.

        

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