Jefferys, M. (2005).

Growing Old in the TwentiethCentury. London: Routledge.Yang,W., He, A. J.

, Fang, L., & Mossialos, E. (2016).

Financing InstitutionalLong-Term Care for the Elderly in China: A Policy Evaluation of New Models.Health Policy And Planning, 31(10), 1391-1401.Panday,R., & Srivastava, P. (2017).

Adjustment Among Elderly Living in Old AgeHome and Within Family Setup. Journal of Psychosocial Research, 12(1), 89-96.References                  Treating your elderly with respect is a privilege, not a chore. Embrace them more often, and let them know how much you appreciate them and love them. Remember, it will not be long before you become an elder and are in the same place as them.Showing respect for the elderly means being kind and considerate towards them and listening to them, even if you do not agree with them.

It is simply a human who shows respect for another, regardless of his age. Are you doing it? Nowadays things are changing rapidly and the elderly our parents or grandparents no longer have a much larger role in the family. There is no one to listen to them, nor do their children live near them.

Respect for the elderly is rapidly diminishing in society, and it is sad but true that in many families they are treated more like old furniture than as part of a family. Or they are placed in old houses or nursing homes where they spend the rest of their lives, alone and forgotten. However, it is a different case if it is done due to some medical conditions that require regular observation and treatment. The elderly must be honored and respected for all they have done for you and for society in general.

Gratitude comes in many forms, and you can express it for love, kindness and simply respecting it, is not it? The old men were once young and strong. They worked hard to make a living and gave the best years of their lives to raise their children, take care of them, protect them and nourish them. Not to mention their contribution to society and the way they worked hard to make the place or organization they worked for prosper.

Moreover, many of them have fought for their country so they can live. Your sacrifices can not be forgotten. Remember, you will reap what you sow. It is the ultimate law of nature and karma. Then, when you instill gratitude, compassion, and respect for the elders in your children, they will also treat you with love and similar feelings when you are old. You as parents and caregivers are the models for your children.

If they hear you speak rudely to your elders or show no respect to the elderly, there is no way they will show respect to you or to them.     In conclusion, respect is the fundamental component of all cordial relations. If you understand the meaning of disrespect, you can better understand respect. The lack of respect is the denial of the approval or recognition of another person. Many people do not appreciate the elderly and consider them useless.

But who are these elders we are talking about? An elderly person is a person who has retired and is generally over sixty-five, although this age may vary because different countries may have their own official retirement age. Is old age an ethical problem? Follow-up    It would not be possible to explore the differences of attitudes towardsthe care of the elderly for every culture or country. Two cultures that standout from Western culture: Africa and South/Southeast Asia. These two countries areof interest because they are experiencing economic development. We can see thecare received by elders in culturally traditional parts of the world even the changesin that care and the attitudes related to and with the spread of modernizationand industrialization. The most attention needs to be focused directly to eldercare as elders no longer have the admiration and good care afforded them intraditional culture, but do not have admittance to the government-funded andinstitutionalized care provided by more developed countries. Many areas inSouth and Southeast Asia are still experiencing economic development and are realizingit is a challenge to change from a traditional society where there was familysupport and a cultural emphasis on taking care of the elderly to a modernsociety that does make this a part of their values. Transformation is takingplace in some countries in this area, the family support systems for elder careare breaking down and in other countries it is not.

“A rapid ageing populationcoupled with changes in family structure has brought about profoundimplications to social policy in China. Although the past decade hasseen a steady increase in public funding to long-term care (LTC), the narrow financingbase and vast population havecreated significant unmet demand, calling for reforms in financing.” (Yang)    While globalization and the need for communication add to the feelingthat the world is getting smaller and the wisdom of a unity of culture, is nottrue. Even inside Western civilizations, there are misconceptions in thespecifics of how the elderly are cared for. Social policies regarding the careof the elderly vary across the globe. Even within cultural regions, there canbe a large variation. There are still areas in the world that have a differentattitude toward the treatment and care of their society’s elders.

Increasing globalization and socialissues as to how to care for and requirements for the elderly within societyare becoming international issues rather than just local or national ones.There is an emphasis on governments having the chief responsibility to indorse,offer, and guarantee the access to basic social services including the detailedneeds of older persons. Also, they need to include that there is a need to workwith local authorities, nongovernment organizations, volunteers and charitableagencies, the elderly and their families to help in realizing these goals.

Recognizingthe rights of all people, including the elderly, to understand the satisfactionof the highest possible standard of physical and mental health. We mustrecognize the importance of family, helpers, and other groups in providing carefor our older people in addition to the amenities provided by government andthe necessity to reinforce unity among generations to reassure equally approachablerelationships.                                           WorldwideProblem    As medical developments continue to bring about more enhancements for longevity,the quantity of elders not only in the United States but around the worldremains on the rise.

According to the United Nations, there is an upward trend onthe road to lower birth and death rates everywhere in the world. As a result,the amount of elderly people in cultures and societies is on the rise and is predictedto continue to rise well into the coming times. According to statistics 205million people aged sixty years or older. Over the first half of the worldwidepopulation of people sixty or older are expected to expand to the billions. Longevityis growing, since people aged eighty years or older are the fastest growing partof the worldwide population. The speed of aging is increasing more rapidly in emergingcountries than in advanced countries, which means that even with the otherissues of financial development, these countries will also have to rapidly dealwith the problem of their aging people.

“Old age is the closing period of thelife span. It is a period when people ‘move away’ from previous more desirableperiods or times of ‘usefulness’. Old age is considered as a curse beingassociated with deterioration of all physical, psychological factors, isolationfrom social, economic and other activities. Socially, this stage was consideredas the total of one’s lived experiences. Hence, the society offered a space ofrespect to the old. In such a society, the aged were the repositories,transmitters, and sole authorities of wisdom and knowledge.

All these provideda ‘golden age’ concept to this stage, old age. Adjustment is a processinvolving both mental and behavioral responses by which an individual strivesto cope with inner needs, tensions, frustrations and conflicts and to bringharmony between these inner demands and those imposed upon him by the world inwhich he lives if the conflicts are solved to satisfy the individual needswithin the tenets approved by the society the individual is consideredadjusted. Adjustments in old age are difficult because of the limited capacityof the old, their diminishing energy and declining mental abilities. The degreeof success depends upon the individual’s adaptability. The world will not adoptitself to the elderly, only the elderly will have to adopt themselves to theworld.” (Panday)Growing Amountsof the Aging     Older or elderly what constitutes old age.

Man hasdecided what age that should be. In the bible people live a lot longer than wedo. Have you heard the saying as old as Methuselah? Most advanced nations havedecided that the consecutive age of sixty-five years is considered elderly.

This is associated with the age that a person can receive social security orpension benefits. There is not a general agreement on what is to be old.Society has decided to push out the elderly. They are posing the question as towhat should be done with them and where should they live.

“We consider a model with a population consisting ofearners and retired persons; elderlycare is publicly provided. We show how the externalities related to populationmobility lead to an inefficient spatial distribution of earners and retirees,and we characterize the second-best solution. Decentralization of this solutionin a fiscal federalism structure requires the use of taxes and subsidiesproportional to the number of earners and retired persons living in the city.”Definitionof an Elderly Person     When you reflect on elder care, you typicallythink of it in terms of your own family or state. Questions of greatest concernfrequently center around topics of how to best take care of aging parents orother family and how to best plan for your own approaching old age and the carethat may or may not be needed at that time. These topics, of course, are not limitedto the United States. Across the world, people grow old and need assistancefrom family, friends, the government, or other entities to deal with varyingmental and physical abilities and increasing needs for their wellbeing or othersupport to meet the activities of daily living (i.

e., getting their dwelling, minorto major housework, making meals, administering medications in the manner givenby doctor, making calls, taking care of bills). They may need assisted livingcare to (take a bath, get dressed, eating, using the bathroom, getting in orout of bed). The way these questions are responded to and how these issuesresolved regularly differ from country to country, culture to culture. “It isgenerally accepted that most care, help and support in old age comes frominformal sources. An image of the family as an available and responsible sourceof support has gradually replaced and earlier stereotype of the fragmentedmodern family in industrial societies as unavailable and unconcerned with theplight of its older generations.” (Jefferies)     The greatest complication to the buildingof a framework for human solidarity, which caters for every member of thesociety especially the elderly, is Western independence. Have you noticed thatthe number of elderly begging in our streets has risen? The drop in new birth rates and bump in long lifearound the world has made the care of the elderly a worldwide concern.

Advancedcountries struggle to take care of the speedily increasing population of olderadults. Though, this problem is compounded in developing countries as growthand change bring with them major changes in culture and society. Contrary to themodernization theory, these changes do not essentially result in a sideliningof older people nor does every society and culture reply in the same way to theburden between modernization and the care of the elderly. Old-style values continuein some areas regardless of modernization, and private or government programsmay be put in place to encourage family care of the elderly.

Solidarity FrameworkBuilding     As a young child is was taught the TenCommandments. Commandment number five says to “honor thy mother and father.” InExodus 20:12 Amplified Bible (AMP), itstates (12 “Honor (respect, obey, carefor) your father and your mother, so that your days may be prolonged in theland the Lord your God gives you.  In this verse it says to care for, meaning tocare for thy mother and father as a part of honoring them. For generations Ihave seen the elderly taken care of by family. It was customary to our family notto place the elderly in an assisted living facility no matter how hard it wasto care for them by their family members. I witnessed my mother take on thissame feat with my Grandparents.

She made sure they were taken care of with noquestions asked. My Grandparents lived to be in their nineties. They were ableto facilitate most of their daily routine by themselves. My grandmother wasstill preparing small meals until she passed. My mother would make sure thatmedications like eyedrops were administered correctly since they had somevision problems. She made sure they were seen by their doctors regularly,picked up prescriptions, did their heavy shopping and made their major meals.At the point my grandparents thought they had become too much of a burden theytold my mother that it was okay for her to place them in assisted living ifthat was what she needed to do to be less of a strain on her even though theywould prefer to remain in their home the remaining part of their life. Sheassured them that she would never do such a thing, that they were her parentsand she would make sure to honor and take care of them.

As a relief for her mydad, siblings, our children and myself would take turns caring for mygrandparents. It is also a less know fact that the caregiver becomes a silentpatient because they are exerting so much of their time and energy caring forthe ill. Now that my grandparents are deceased my parents are wondering if wewill care for them or place them in an assisted living facility since we allwork full-time jobs. Well I plan to care for my parents just like my mothercared for her parents.

I may not be at the age that I feel that I will have tohave someone care for me but, I have been told by my son that he can assure andthat I can rest my mind the he will be there to take care of me and that hewill not place me in an assisted living facility. That is one of my worst fearsthat I will have to go to what we call a nursing home. I think that is the fearof most of our elderly. At some point we all must face this fear and the moderngeneration must stop tossing the elderly to the side believing that they havenothing to offer. They do have a wealth of knowledge to offer, they have seenand endured more that we have.

 BecomingMarginalized in Old Age: Our Perception of the Elderly            

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