Japan is a long string of islands lying off the east coast of Asia. These islands incorporate a northeast-southwest arc that elongate 1,500 miles (2,400km) located in the north-western Pacific Ocean. Mainly the whole island is separated into four main islands that comprise the main island.These islands from north to south are Honshu Hokkaido,Shikoku, and Kyushu, there are also smaller islands that comprise the island of japan. These islands are known as the Ryukyu (Nansei) Islands. The islands from south to west are Okinawa,Izu, and Bonin. Japan was discovered back in 600B.C.,archaeologists studies believe that the settlement of Japan dates back as far as 100,000 years. The national capital of Japan is Tokyo which is an national and famous tourist site in which is ,mainly known all around the world. Tokyo is located in the east-central part of the Honshu island. Tokyo is one of the largest cities in Japan which holds almost 9 million inhabitants by far in the Greater Tokyo region. Japan’s population is around 127 million people according to research conducted back in 2016. In retrospect the number of residents living in Tokyo far exceeds the total population in all of the three largest cities combined together. The three largest cities in Japan are Yohokama ,Osaka and Nagoya. The Island of Japan primarily speaks Japanese as a daily means of communication. Japanese is one of the many major speaking languages known around the world which is estimated to have over 127 million speakers who speak japanese fluently. Japan is solely and mainly known for its spectacular and marvelous festivals especially around the seasons ( summer,winter,fall,spring). One of the major festivals in Japan is known as Gion Matsuri. Gion Matsuri also known as Yasaka Shrine is a summer festival that takes place throughout the whole month of July. There are many things that happen during this month but only one thing that really amazes people and lights up the festival, is the procession of floats (Yamaboko Floats) on July 17. The main word (Yamaboko) refers to two main types of floats used during the procession. They’re 23 yama and 10 hoko floats used during the festival each which are unique in their own way. The reason why Gion Matsuri is so spectacular is because of its hoko,which are up to 25 meters tall and weigh up to 12 tons while rolling on wheels. Another reason why this festival is so enormous is because of its beautifully decorated and unique themes. The procession begins on July 17 and many of the floats start decreasing towards July 24 with only ten Yama and hoko floats remains. This ceremony is impressive due to it consistency over the years since 869B.C. This religious ceremony is did in honor to please the gods during the epidemic back in 869B.C., this festival chooses a local boy to be a divine messenger from the gods, this boy can not set foot on the festival grounds from July 13 until the parade through town on July 17. In Japan ethnic groups are not diverse at all with people practicing Buddhism ,Christianity, or Shintoism. Buddhism and Shintoism are the two major religions located on the island of Japan. Buddhism is mainly 40.5% of the population in Japan, while Shintoism is practiced by 54.1% of the population in Japan. Christianity is one of the scarce religions practiced in Japan with only 0.7% of the population practicing it in there daily lives. Buddhism is a major religion practiced around the country of Asia. This religion is mainly practiced as a “way of life”. The founder of Buddhism is Siddhartha Gotama known as the original Buddha (The awakened one). Shintoism is a Japanese religion which practices on Kami( Landscapes and Nature ). This religion is mainly focused on worshiping nature and landscapes. Shinto means (“the way of the gods”) this religion is very indigenous to the primary japanese culture. Despite Japan being a very small nation it has had plenty of ups and downs throughout its decades being one of the worlds biggest tourist attractions. One of the very first wars was the Sino-Empire war which was fought only between the Qing Empire and the Empire of Japan. This war was fought over the island of Korea and who would obtain it. The war lasted from (July 25 ,1894 – April 17,1985). After a years of nonstop warfare between the two nations, the Qing Empire gave up do to it losing the port of Weihaiwei which was its main hub for weapons and ammunition. Japan won the Sino-Empire war and gained control over Korea. Japan’s rule over Korea only lasted up until 1945 in which where Korea gained its independence and separated into north and south Korea. They’re a vast majority of Japanese historical periods which date all the way back to 660B.C. One of the first periods of Japan is the Heian period which lasted from (794-1185). During historical periods like these Japan had been ruled by Shoguns. Shoguns were the commander and chief during feudal Japan. Military power was the main concentration thing in the hands of a shogun. Despite having an Emperor or a Nominal Head a shogun was the real ruler of a country. The shogun rule ended in 1867 when feudalism was abolished. Japan went through many power changes ranging from a dictatorship all the way up until the 1900’s. Japan’s official constitution came into play in 1947 mainly stressing over three principles: sovereignity of the people , respect of the fundamental human rights ,and renunciation of war. The constitution stipulates the three branches of government – legislative branch(The Diet) ,executive branch(The Cabinet) , and the judicial branch( The Courts). The Diet is Japan’s national parliament , which is the highest branch of the three. The Diet is in charge of all law making in Japan. The country of Japan also has an Emperor ,the emperor does not hold much power except in ceremonial duties. The Japanese educational system has been reformed countless times. After World War II the educational system received its final official change which is still used today .The old educational system consisted of 6 years of elementary school , 5 years of junior high school, 3 years of senior high school and 3 years of college. The educational system now consists of( 6 years of elementary school ,3 years in junior high school , 3 years of senior high school , 4 years of college). Japan is one of the worlds top and best-educated nations throughout the globe , with 100% enrollment in compulsory grades and 0% illiteracy. Even though it is not compulsory, high school enrollment is over 96% nationwide nearly 100% in the cities of Japan and is increasing every few years. Unlike most schools, Japan begins their first semester of school in April and goes all the way until March of the next year, this educational system is based off the French educational system which is very convenient unlike American school systems. Throughout the year summer vacation is only 6 weeks long and the winter and spring breaks consist of 2 weeks which are followed by school work and projects to keep the student focused on their studies. Mainly every class has its own standardized classroom in which students take all there courses, except for their practical trainings and laboratory work. The average school day consists of 6 hours , even with school being let out , students still have drills and homework to come home to on a daily basis to keep them busy. The Ministry of defense of education takes priority in making sure that textbooks, classes, and the educational curriculum is up to pare for all students throughout the whole country ,to ensure a high school standard education is possible for all.In conclusion Japan is one of many countries that is valued and well respected throughout the world. Despite Japan’s trials and tribulations it has come a long way in developing its cultural,educational ,and geographical features and values and will therefore change the face of the world with its innovation and inspiration to rise above challenges.