James Madison also wrote
this paper. This federalist paper is about the separation of the different
branches of government to lessen its power. This is so one branch of government
doesn’t have complete power over another. It separates the government into three
parts, the executive, legislative, and judiciary. It says that each branch that
is separate and can act on its own. He says that separating the branches of
government is how we can keep our freedoms. He says that the people have to let
the government do their job. President gets to choose the judges for the
supreme court. Although he has to for approval from senators when choosing a new person for the role. Branches of
government don’t get to decide how much other branches get paid. The
constitution prevents any one branch or specific person from having too much
power over another. He mentions that it’s human nature, to want more power, and
there is nothing we can do to change that. This system prevents them from
gaining too much power. With checks and balances, the different branches of
government can check and balance each other. The legislative branch is the most
powerful, which is why it is split into the Senate
and the house of representatives. The members of the Senate are elected differently than the house of representatives.
The executive branch has less power than the legislative branch, but it can
veto legislation. This gives some power
to the executive branch and at the same time takes some power away from the
legislative branch. This is an example of those checks and balances. He
mentions that we also must manage the power of political groups, as mentioned
in Federalist Paper number 10. By breaking the government down into different
branches, makes it a lot more difficult for majority political groups to form. He
says if a society always lets the majority win over the minority, it won’t work
out. Therefore, the government is separated into different branches. It keeps
citizens safe.


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