Introduction: Legal education, simply meansimparting legal knowledge to practice law . Courses in law has been offered inuniversities since medieval times,but, with the advent of university-based law schools in the 18th and 19thcenturies, legal education nowfocuses on reconciling its law teaching with academic purposes to preparepersons a suitable member for this profession.
But with the advent ofuniversity based education, legal education is now becoming a medium ofbusiness rather than being a mode of teaching practical and professional skillsto the students. Unfortunately these practices have resulted in the failure ofresolving certain major and minor issues arising in day to day life.Legal education can be used as a tool for socialchanges by bringing such laws and rules which remove social taboos and forimparting justice. Lawyers are considered as a boon for a society which directsa country for becoming a progressive nation.Objective:Legaleducation generally has a number of aims and aspects and not all of them arecarried at the same time.
The very basic and fundamental task of impartinglegal education to students is to aid the courts in the administration ofjustice.The main emphasis is to make the students familiarwith the general concepts of law with the modes of legal reasoning. To providewith the reasons as to why a particular statute has been enacted and what allother developments can be made in it. It also aimsto sharpen the analytical and logical skills of the students in order to settledisputes and to understand the law making process. As the legal studies aims tomake aware the students with the law making process it also ensure to providethem with sufficient knowledge and experience on the applicability of theselaws.
As law is of a very dynamic nature the purpose of legaleducation is to equip the students with such knowledge and skills that they caninterpret the laws according to the changing needs of the society. It alsofocuses on teaching the historical background of law so the person is wellversed with his country’s legal history. Legal studies aims at providing practical as well astheoretical skills to the students so that they may interpret the law insettling disputes and drafting new rules as the society demands.The other and the vital aspects of studying law isto understand the social economic and political aspects of society. It aims to enhance the teachingskills which includes emphasis on research and publication in the new areas oflaw. HistoricalBackground: The history of legal education in Indiacan be studied under three heads:AncientIndia: As per therecords by the legal historians from the Manu Smriti the legal practitioners inancient times were known as ‘Pleaders’ or ‘Niyogis’ which represented theparties in the litigation process. A person having complete knowledge of theDhrama Shastras was also qualified for handling legal matters.
In ancient Indiathere was no formal text of law the law was governed by the Vedas which prescribedits rules according to the ‘Dharma’.BritishIndia: Theformal setup of legal education in India was setup in the year 1885 whichhelped the law students to enroll themselves as ‘vakil’ in the court.IndependentIndia: Underthe Advocates Act 1961 the Bar Council of India was setup which is now a statutoryauthority for regulating legal profession. After this law course gas offered inmany universities and colleges. The establishment of law colleges has now madelegal education more popular among students by promoting seminars, researchworks and many more competitions like the moot courts the face of legal educationhas changed completely and has become more dynamic.PresentScenario: The Bar Council of India regulates the legaleducation system in India. It provides the terms and conditions, theeligibility criteria the promotion standards and the infrastructurerequirements for establishing a law school. The present university system forimparting legal education which offers integrated 5 yrs.
Courses and 3 yearslaw courses gas also spread the craze towards the field of law. The 5 yrcourses includes the graduation plus the LL.B. degree i.e. B.A. LL.
B , B.B.A LL.B. Apart from these specialized courseswhich specifically deals with the study of law there are certain other coursewhich includes certain papers of law. However there are many diploma courseoffered by universities such as in cyber law, taxation and various otherIn the present situation there are certainmodifications required in the education system. However from time to time thesechanges have been made to amend the existing statutes. Legal education does notonly means imparting theoretical knowledge but the present situation demandsmore practical skills and complete knowledge of procedural laws.
The scop andambit of legal education should be vast so that it may absorb the changes ofthe society and should be in the reach of every individual. . The Bar Council of India regulates the legaleducation system in India. It provides the terms and conditions, theeligibility criteria the promotion standards and the infrastructurerequirements for establishing a law school.
The present university system forimparting legal education which offers integrated 5 yrs. Courses and 3 yearslaw courses gas also spread the craze towards the field of law. The 5 yrcourses includes the graduation plus the LL.B. degree i.e.
B.A. LL.B ,B.B.A LL.
B. Apart from these specializedcourses which specifically deals with the study of law there are certain othercourse which includes certain papers of law. The universities offering lawcourse conducts exams on al India basis which a have a set pattern asprescribed by the B.C.
I. However there are many diploma course offered byuniversities such as in cyber law, taxation and various other courses of C.A., C.S.,I.C.W.A which includes advanced and higher studies in law