Introduction: Legal education, simply means
imparting legal knowledge to practice law . Courses in law has been offered in
universities since medieval times,
but, with the advent of university-based law schools in the 18th and 19th
centuries, legal education now
focuses on reconciling its law teaching with academic purposes to prepare
persons a suitable member for this profession. But with the advent of
university based education, legal education is now becoming a medium of
business rather than being a mode of teaching practical and professional skills
to the students. Unfortunately these practices have resulted in the failure of
resolving certain major and minor issues arising in day to day life.

Legal education can be used as a tool for social
changes by bringing such laws and rules which remove social taboos and for
imparting justice. Lawyers are considered as a boon for a society which directs
a country for becoming a progressive nation.

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Objective:
Legal
education generally has a number of aims and aspects and not all of them are
carried at the same time. The very basic and fundamental task of imparting
legal education to students is to aid the courts in the administration of
justice.

The main emphasis is to make the students familiar
with the general concepts of law with the modes of legal reasoning.

 To provide
with the reasons as to why a particular statute has been enacted and what all
other developments can be made in it.

 It also aims
to sharpen the analytical and logical skills of the students in order to settle
disputes and to understand the law making process. As the legal studies aims to
make aware the students with the law making process it also ensure to provide
them with sufficient knowledge and experience on the applicability of these
laws.

As law is of a very dynamic nature the purpose of legal
education is to equip the students with such knowledge and skills that they can
interpret the laws according to the changing needs of the society.

 It also
focuses on teaching the historical background of law so the person is well
versed with his country’s legal history.

Legal studies aims at providing practical as well as
theoretical skills to the students so that they may interpret the law in
settling disputes and drafting new rules as the society demands.

The other and the vital aspects of studying law is
to understand the social economic and political aspects of society. It aims to enhance the teaching
skills which includes emphasis on research and publication in the new areas of
law.

Historical
Background: The history of legal education in India
can be studied under three heads:

Ancient
India:  As per the
records by the legal historians from the Manu Smriti the legal practitioners in
ancient times were known as ‘Pleaders’ or ‘Niyogis’ which represented the
parties in the litigation process. A person having complete knowledge of the
Dhrama Shastras was also qualified for handling legal matters. In ancient India
there was no formal text of law the law was governed by the Vedas which prescribed
its rules according to the  ‘Dharma’.

British
India:  The
formal setup of legal education in India was setup in the year 1885 which
helped the law students to enroll themselves as ‘vakil’ in the court.

Independent
India:  Under
the Advocates Act 1961 the Bar Council of India was setup which is now a statutory
authority for regulating legal profession. After this law course gas offered in
many universities and colleges. The establishment of law colleges has now made
legal education more popular among students by promoting seminars, research
works and many more competitions like the moot courts the face of legal education
has changed completely and has become more dynamic.

Present
Scenario: The Bar Council of India regulates the legal
education system in India. It provides the terms and conditions, the
eligibility criteria the promotion standards and the infrastructure
requirements for establishing a law school. The present university system for
imparting legal education which offers integrated 5 yrs. Courses and 3 years
law courses gas also spread the craze towards the field of law. The 5 yr
courses includes the graduation plus the LL.B. degree i.e. B.A. LL.B , B.B.A  LL.B. Apart from these specialized courses
which specifically deals with the study of law there are certain other course
which includes certain papers of law. However there are many diploma course
offered by universities such as in cyber law, taxation and various other

In the present situation there are certain
modifications required in the education system. However from time to time these
changes have been made to amend the existing statutes. Legal education does not
only means imparting theoretical knowledge but the present situation demands
more practical skills and complete knowledge of procedural laws. The scop and
ambit of legal education should be vast so that it may absorb the changes of
the society and should be in the reach of every individual. .

 The Bar Council of India regulates the legal
education system in India. It provides the terms and conditions, the
eligibility criteria the promotion standards and the infrastructure
requirements for establishing a law school. The present university system for
imparting legal education which offers integrated 5 yrs. Courses and 3 years
law courses gas also spread the craze towards the field of law. The 5 yr
courses includes the graduation plus the LL.B. degree i.e. B.A. LL.B ,
B.B.A  LL.B. Apart from these specialized
courses which specifically deals with the study of law there are certain other
course which includes certain papers of law. The universities offering law
course conducts exams on al India basis which a have a set pattern as
prescribed by the B.C.I. However there are many diploma course offered by
universities such as in cyber law, taxation and various other courses of C.A., C.S.,
I.C.W.A which includes advanced and higher studies in law

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