In the beginning of Animal Farm, by George Orwell, Old Major shares a dream of a perfect world, an animal heaven where the animals are only ruled by only themselves and live a life of comfort and leisure, Where the grass is green and gets greener.

They assume that after they defeat the humans, such a dream can be realized.  The revolution wasn’t planned but started When Jones and his men get drunk and don’t feed or take care of the animals, they break into the shed and take food, Jones does not like this so he whips the animals, which cause them to rebel and the humans are run off the farm. The animals expect that everything will be wonderful now that the humans are gone. They make plans to change the way the farm is run, so that the animals can live comfortably and take care of everything on the farm themselves.    The first sign that this is not to be is when the pigs take charge. They immediately begin appointing special privileges to themselves, like special food like the milk and apples.

Squealer, the pigs’ messenger, has a justification for every action the pigs take.    “You do not imagine, I hope, that we pigs are doing this in a spirit of selfishness and privilege? Many of us actually dislike milk and apples. I dislike them myself. … Milk and apples (this has been proved by Science, comrades) contain substances absolutely necessary to the well-being of a pig.” (52)    The pigs even begin wearing clothes and sleeping in the house.  They even learned how to walk on two legs.  Napoleon also secretly trained guard dogs, whom were stolen from. The other animals, that are not pigs, are forced to work more and more.

There are no days off and retirements like promised.    Through the spring and summer, they worked a sixty-hour week, and in August Napoleon announced that there would be work on Sunday afternoons as well. This work was strictly “voluntary”, but any animal who absented himself from it would have his rations reduced by half.   Animals who do not go along with things are shooed away, like Snowball, or they confess to the wrongdoing and are then executed in front of their peers. With all of the scapegoats, the animals are living in fear and no one has the will, courage or initiative to oppose Napoleon and his pawns.   In the beginning, The animals thought that without Jones, everything would be better, as the animals could make their own government that required that all animals are equal.

In the end, everything was worse then how it was before. The animals had to work longer hours then before, had less food then before, and were treated worse, of course besides the pigs. Instead of all animals are equal, “All animals are equal, some more then others”. This is why the ending is very ironic as they thought they could be better off without the humans, but they end up in a worse position than the start.  


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