In George Orwell’s fictional novel, “1984,” Winston Smith questions his loyalty to Big Brother and the Party. He doesn’t agree with what the Party took away from him: free thoughts and individuality. Within all of his own thoughts, he struggles to understand why the Party would do this. To express his frustrations, Winston wrote in a diary that he purchased from the black market. He wrote: “Down With Big Brother,” commiting a thoughtcrime.

He was afraid that he would be arrested because of all the telescreens throughout Oceania. He was constantly trying to avoid hundreds of telescreens that could have caught him in a rebellious state.  The one in his own home would have been enough to give him away. Lost, Winston wanted to see if there was any form of rebellion, a Brotherhood. He felt strongly that O’Brien, an influential Party member, felt the same way that he did. While talking with Syme, Winston realized that they were both too smart to stay alive. The knowledge that they gained from their work told them the truth about everything that the Party did to be perfect. Winston could remember the real events that happened before he altered the history, making him a risk to the common knowledge of Oceania’s society.

As he began to think more about the Party’s actions and writing in his diary, he became cautious of what he said, how he acted, and if any people were watching him. He didn’t want to give away his true feelings and get caught by a telescreen. Winston’s vivid dreams/flashbacks woke him sometimes and he was afraid that he was mumbling in his sleep. He dreamt of his mother and his sister, sinking lower and lower as he stood watching.

He dreamt of the Golden country, the perfect world with no Party or Big Brother. He dreamt of the dark-haired girl, taking off her clothes in a fluid motion. Apart from the telescreens, he noticed a dark-haired girl who seemed to be constantly watching him. Afraid, he believed she was part of  the Thought Police and he wanted to kill her before she could rat him out.

On the contrary, Winston found out that Julia, the dark-haired girl, was in love with him. He learns that Julia also feels the same way about the Party. The two of them begin to have a love affair, meeting up in new, secretive places each time, watching out for telescreens and microphones. After finding it hard to meet up, Winston suggested to Julia that they rent the room above Mr. Charrington’s shop, the place where he bought the diary. The room is private, has a large bed, has many antiques that no longer exist, and doesn’t have a telescreen. As Winston and Julia’s rule breaking continued to build up, they slowly got closer to getting caught.

However, after what seemed like eternity, O’Brien gave Winston some sort of indication that the Brotherhood did exist. He invited Winston and Julia to his luxurious Inner Party home. There, O’Brien acknowledged the existence of the Brotherhood and indoctrinated the two of them.

Later on, Winston was sent a copy of Goldstein’s book which he read in the private room above the shop. As he and Julia read the book, a mysterious voice spoke to them. Instantly, they were surrounded by Thought Police, Mr. Charrington included. After the climax of their arrest, they were separated and put into cells in the Ministry of Love. Winston was tortured and brainwashed by O’Brien, decreased to a disgusting figure.

After abiding to the rules of Big Brother and the Party, he was brought to a cell with better living conditions. He was allowed a bed with a pillow and food 3 times a day. Unfortunately, he woke up screaming for Julia one day and was sent to Room 101.

His motive of screaming for Julia was to defy the Party by showing that he only obeyed Big Brother and didn’t love Big Brother like that Party wanted him to. In Room 101, O’Brien puts a mask on a cage of rats and put it on Winston’s face. Cracking under pressure, he betrays Julia and begs O’Brien to put the rats on her face. Because the main goal of Winston’s imprisonment was for him to give up Julia, all of his misbehaviors were resolved and he was released back in Oceania and no longer had feelings for Julia. Winston and Julia were able to hide their freedom from the Party for a short time, not letting the Party’s dystopian policies keep them from being together. The use of telescreens in Oceania symbolized the dystopian characteristic of constant surveillance.

Orwell’s novel implemented third person omniscient, allowing the reader to understand the thoughts and actions of all characters. The theme of totalitarianism helped portray George Orwell’s vision of a country ruled by a dictator. The exposition described Winston’s struggles with the thoughts in his head. He continued to commit thoughtcrimes and oppose the Party by being with Julia. His crimes climaxed when he and Julia were surrounded by the Thought Police. He continued to disobey Big Brother until he was taken to Room 101 when he gave in at the sight of rats. The story resolved when Winston returned to Oceania, not feeling the same way towards Julia and loving Big Brother.


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