In a stateof world where huge amount of energy is consumed, power plants are highlynecessary.
Bangladesh is a developing country and she needs power plants togenerate power. Rampal power plant is such a proposed power plant that will becoal-fired. India’s state owned company National Thermal Power Corporation andBangladesh’s Bangladesh Power Develop-ment Board, respectively known as NTPCand BPDB has proposed this project via joint venture company BIFPC. Should thisproject become true then this would be the largest power plant in country.
This proposed power plant is acoal fired power station situated at Rampal Upazila of Bagerhat in Khulna. Itis said to be a 1320 mega watt capacity power plant. The project covers an areaof 1834 acres of land and is 14 kilometers away from the world’s largestmangrove forest Sunderbans. It is to be remembered that the Sunderbans is aUNESCO world heritage site. Now the plant will require about 4.
72 million tonsof coal every year needing about 60 ships having 80000 tons capacity goingabout 40 kms of path from port including crossing river flow path. It wouldalso draw about 220000 cubic meters of water every day from Poshur River andthen discharge treated waste water back into the river. A 1320 Megawatt power generatingpower plant is necessary in a developing country like Bangladesh. However thisproject raises several environmental concerns at the same time.
According toenvironmental impact assessment guidelines for power plants, it should be atleast 25 kms away from an area that is very ecologically sensitive. As theproject is only 14 kms away, it violets the guideline. Furthermore shipscarrying coals will release smoke, fume, fly ash, coal dust, sulphur etc. toxicchemicals.
As a result, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides,sulphur oxides causing acid rain that can be highly damaging for a mangroveforest. Again, discharging waste water into Poshur River will introducepollutants in the river harming marine animals and beasts. Although having a power plant ofhigh capacity will be better for Bangladesh, destroying Sunderbans will destroyBangladesh because of its sheer positive effects on the country. Should theenvironmental concerns be taken care of the power plant, plan should proceedsince the plant can be really beneficial.