In
an era, which human civilization maintained no disposition of records, and had
to consider the words that spout off from inhabitants of their local community
as honesty of the purest form. The cultivation
of rhetoric has led individuals from many parts of the world to succeed in
finessing through the political ranks, and order sustained in the final periods
of the Before Common Era. To enumerate, Rhetoric is inducement that focuses
purely on propositions of belief rather
than reality and truthfulness, and distinctly known as the “authentic art of
persuasiveness” to the sophists (Gorgias and his underlings), while dialectic is
distinguished as the identical to philosophers such as Plato, and Socrates. To
illustrate, Socrates, in Gorgias seeks
to unearth the true meaning behind rhetoric by engaging in discourse with
Gorgias to analyze his views, more so into
exposing the inexperience within his pretentious convictions, and the immoral
justifications that may occur upon use of rhetoric within society. Socrates
uses short interrogations on Gorgias to help prove his notion to the
interlocutors that rhetoric is a practice that emphasizes on biased outlooks
and excludes external perspectives brought upon by true knowledge as it leans
to shape the viewpoint of the persuading side. Therefore, when arguing the
reason for limiting Gorgias to concise replies, it can follow as elocution
between the two would prove no benefit to the listeners, and assist the
audience in seeing the overall view of having no concern for their outlook due
to the immorality rhetoric imparts to an audience of ignorants.

The
dialectical debates between Socrates and Gorgias is an attempt to provoke one
another and lead to the abolishment of one’s credibility from the crowd to
ensure a controlling position, which helps foster their plausible rationality,
and for that reason, this arises
repeatedly throughout the debate. Socrates shows to have to the upper hand in
managing the true extent of dialectic while displaying what it can do as he
constantly tries to allure the audience with rhetorical appeals, more precisely,
with the use of ethos appeal to sway Gorgias’ credibility. The involvement of
ethos in Plato’s dialogue shows constant utilization throughout the entire
discussion; Socrates’ handling of ethos leads him to bring Gorgias in for questioning on what it is he truly teaches. As
a result, this causes unease to Polus, which creates an impulse reaction to
support his teacher, in which Polus retorts unspecified answers to the
questions Chaerephon asked. Rather, it does not go as envisioned for Polus,
since the repercussions lead to Socrates using this as an approach to lure
Gorgias, in which Socrates counters by saying: “it certainly looks as though
Polus is well qualified to speak, Gorgias, but he’s not doing what he promised
Chaerephon he’d do” (3). Gorgias’ credibility in this instance feels
threatened, as it creates anxiety for him among the crowd, in which he becomes
obliged to answer the question for his disciple’s irrational behavior;
therefore, Socrates intended to use this as a commencement test for Gorgias as
he declared rhetoric to be his field of expertise.

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Upon
the straightforwardness of the
conversation, Socrates’ acknowledgments toward Gorgias’ replies present a
sarcastic element towards them in order to use him as a scapegoat for the means
of humiliation and subjugation. After having established the differences in the
persuasion that occurs with the use of rhetoric (one that causes knowledge, and
the other causes belief), Socrates lets it be known to the interlocutors that
he wants to settle what their overall debrief
has led to and to visualize his remark as if it were his future student’s
queries:

You
should bear in mind our present situation and realized that I have your best
interest at heart. It’s quite possible that there are people here in the house
with us who’d like to become students of yours …. They might be too
embarrassed to subject you to questioning, as I put my questions, you should
imagine that its actually they who are asking you, what will attending your courses hold for us, Gorgias?
(15)

The rhetoric appeal
commencing in this manner would assert as Pathos.
Due to Socrates accommodating his concerns with the crowd by capitalizing on
their curiosity, which conserves the contemplation of the audience, thus
establishes excitement towards their behalf. This puts Gorgias in a scrutiny, as
he must now vigilantly respond in order to deter questioning, and pique by the viewers;
more so probable attendees of his teachings. The factors leading to this discussion
have led to further expressive tones of consensus among many participants
engaged in the conversation. As demonstrated by Socrates exhibiting superlative
measures of deciphering for he jumps into the meanings of concepts much more
sharply than Gorgias does (As portrayed, he keeps Gorgias and everyone on their
toes pondering what he recites). Gorgias on the other hand ensures his place
into the consultation by presenting elegant acts of control and faith as he presents
his case in a more robustness fashion.

Socrates’
arrangement of limiting the responses of Gorgias is a paradigm of using an
opponent’s confidence in order to exploit the competitor and gain the upper
hand. Seeing Gorgias optimistically, promise that he could answer any question
presented to him as he has heard and given a solution to all enquiries ensures to Socrates that arrogance
resides within him, which he will fully utilize to convey confusion and
contradict his beliefs to the crowd. As specified by Gorgias after Chaerephon
questioned him on Callicles’ remark: “He is, Chaerephon. That’s exactly what I
was doing a short while ago, in fact, and I’ll add that for many years I’ve
never been faced with a question I hadn’t met before” (2). Once Socrates
overhears this, influence motivates him to rid Gorgias of his pretentiousness,
so
he can strive to have the highest virtue, and vanquish the ignorance that
plagues his persona. To ensure this, Socrates commences by asking Gorgias
undemanding questions, such as “who he is” figuratively stating what he does in
this world. Throughout the dialogue, Socrates manipulates the responses of
Gorgias by reweaving and converting his overall statements into a paradox that
he must now undertake due to being incapable of rejecting his propositions;
consequently, mortifying Gorgias not due to new proposals or facts but to the
unrecognized self-contradiction brought upon by an ego.

The
narrative written by Plato brings to mind
the spectacle of a duel, ultimately using the opponents own potency to its
demise, systematically placing them into
a convoluted ploy that one cannot escape. The themes Socrates establishes when deliberately
toying with Gorgias shows the template used to guide him toward uncertainty, consequently,
burlesquing the rhetorician into a state of oblivion that foreshadows the
audience viewing Gorgias’ benightment. The attentive utilization of formative
language brought upon by Socrates brings forth a pedestal for which he can rid
his adversaries of their ignorance and bestow them the true knowledge needed for
their field of expertise. For this reason, his persistent desire to seek out
and take on others in their imperfection through philosophical exchange shows consideration
for the widespread utilization of philosophy, and the benefit of acquiring
excellence through this practice; as genuine persuasiveness in itself is a prodigious
ability which can be used for the advantageous results or inadequate benefits.

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