In the English grammar , nouns are the most extensively used words . Infact , occurrence of nouns is significantly more than all other niches of words in English . Hence , nouns are among the integral pillars of language , thus it is among the first topics to be taught in an English class . Consequently, for a strong command in language , emphasis is laid on this topic .

let us explore the world of nouns . Definition – A noun is a word that is simply used to name a person , place , animal , thing , feeling etc. A noun can refer to a wide range of the above mentioned terms . In addition to this , nouns can be applied to concrete things (can be seen and touched) and abstract things . Hence there is an arsenal of ways for their classification . Let us dwell upon the most frequently used classification .

In this classification , nouns are divided into two , which are further divided into other niches , i.e. –?? ??NOUNS Let us explore these further –Concrete nouns refer to those things or are names of those things that can be touched and seen . Such objects have real and concrete bodies , and physically exist in reality . These nouns are further classified into – 1.

Proper or particular nouns 2. Common nouns 3. Collective nouns 4. Material nouns • Proper nouns – A proper or particular noun refers to a specific thing , and helps in differentiating it from others . It points towards that particular thing and these nouns are mostly specific names of a person , place , animal or thing . A proper noun always begins with a capital letter , which is a simple way to identify them . Examples – Ram ,James , Kolkata , London , Diwali , Friday ,Geeta etc.• Common nouns – Common nouns are the common names used to refer a person , place or thing .

Unlike proper nouns , these do not point out or single out a specific person , place or thing but rather refer to the name which is commonly used for proper nouns with similar properties . Examples are – book , boy , man , woman , street , ground , shirt etc.• Collective nouns – A collective noun is a name given to a collection of common nouns which are similar to each other . It is used to group various common nouns and specifically denotes their collection , taken as one complete entity .

Examples – class , mob , team , army, pile , pack , pride , litter etc. • Material nouns – A material noun , as the name suggests ,  is the name given to a material , which are used to manufacture other objects. Examples – stone , paper, glass , gold , all metals etc. Abstract nouns –Unlike concrete nouns ,  abstract nouns refer things that do not have physical significance but are abstract i.e.

can be felt and have virtual existence . Examples – happiness , sorrow , poetry , music , hunger , all kinds of emotions etc . They can be derived from –1. Adjectives – e.g.

proud – pride , weave – web , true – truth etc. 2. Verbs – e.

g. close – closure , steal – stealth , serve – service etc.3. Common nouns – e.

g. thief – theft , boy – boyhood , slave – slavery etc . NOTE : A single thing can be example of multiple niches of classification of nouns .



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