In 1979 Chinese government
is past the one child policy that was set in place to help slow down the
Chinese’s booming population. 76% of China supported the one child policy. The
Chinese government discovered that the One child policy is one big problem for
China rather than boosting its country. It has “Create more problems than they
solve”, in China’s case, can negatively affect the economy. This policy was
originally set in place because the Chinese population grew rapidly in the 20th
century. In 1960 there were 7 million Chinese residence, the population grew to
about 1 billion in the 1980s. Because of the policy and contraceptives, they
Chinese Prevented 4 million births and help break the big family for tradition.
The one child policy really only affected 1/3 of the country making exceptions
for residence in rural areas and for ethnic minorities. The policy also allowed
parents without siblings to have up to two children. The one child policy has
led to the imbalances in China. Because of the policy women are more likely to
be pressured into abortions because of penalties or threats of losing their
jobs. Records show that there were 336 million Chinese abortions in 40 years in
order to follow the one child policy. The one child policy brings many more problems,
because people are find this allows wealthy people to slide through the policy.
Another issue found with the one child policy is the “missing girls” issue,
because in Chinese society it is preferred to have males, females are often
aborted or given up for adoption. She was discovered in the 1990s because of
the 5 million “missing women” in China.

In Chinese society they
stress that the children care for their aging parents and also for their aging
grandparents. The one-child policy creates the 4-2-1 problem, which causes
stress for the one child with no siblings. The demographic show that the
shrunken youth made up of mostly males could harm the Chinese economy. The
elderly makes up about 12% of the population in 2013. They predict in 2050 the
elderly population could raise to 34%. The Chinese one child policy has led to
many negative effects, we can even see the abuse of human rights. With all the statistics,
we could see that Chinese one child policy has led to failure.

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On January 1, 2016 China finally
abolished the one child policy. All Chinese couples are now allowed to have two
children. China’s population is up to one .3 billion people, yet the one child
policy had created some problems for China’s economy. As predicted China’s
population is aging there over 222 million people in China who are 60 years old
and older. The number of people who are out working age is rapidly shrinking.
When the Chinese government lifted the policy, and brought through the two-child
policy the Chinese government didn’t expect for the outcome they got. Into
thousand 15 we had expected 18 million burst but only got 16. 55 million
births. Now that the Chinese are able to have more than one child, many are
still only having one because of the cost of living is increasing, the cost for
education is raising, and now are increasing women’s involvement in the work
force.

            Bulgaria has the most extreme population decline in the
world. Bulgaria is located in eastern Europe and has lost a fifth of its
population since the 1990’s. Since the fall Soviet Union and the economic
collapse, it has left many Bulgarians financially insecure which resulted in
Bulgarians not wanted to have children. Bulgaria is expected to be 30% smaller
by 2060, which means 164 fewer people per day and 600,000 fewer people per
year. You can find 1.4 births per women in Bulgaria, and for most other countries
you can find 2.4 births per women. This country also suffers from brain drain,
the emigration of highly trained, intelligent people for better pay or job
opportunities in other countries. In many countries like the United States you
can find students studying abroad, well in Bulgaria you will find that 20% of
Bulgarian student study abroad and 80% of student stay abroad. Which means that
for Bulgaria the term “Brain Drain” comes to effect once again.

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