Inthis article, Valerie Quann and Carol Anne Wien discussed about the empathy ininfants and toddlers. Quann worked in an urban child care environment. Sheobserved the children in a lab school in a university and the school had anethnically diverse population of students age range from 3 months to 6 years.She used the pedagogical documentation method to record the information. Sheuses photographs of children, sample of their works, children’s conversationsand teachers’ thoughts to collect the data. Her study involved three forms of empathy:1.
Proximal Empathy2. Altruistic Empathy3. Self-corrective EmpathyInProximal Empathy, the child notices an upset classmate nearby and shows concernfor that child.
In Quann’s observation this happens when two children wereplaying in a center together. An example of Proximal Empathy that was observedwhen the child (Destiny-23 months)hurt her finger while using scissors. The other child (Pratha-20 months) touches her hand, says “Ouch” and looks for ateacher.
AltruisticEmpathy happens when a child notices an upset classmate from further away andoffers comfort and care for the other child. An example of Altruistic Empathythat was observed in the study is when one child (Matthew- 22 months) came in the class in a bad mood and anotherclassmate (Amanda- 17 months) broughthim a favourite toy to comfort him. Shealso observed Extended Altruistic Empathy which happens when one child reactedthoughtfully towards another child’s hurt when other children in the classroomdid not notice the problem. Self-corrective Empathy happens when one child hurts another child’s feelings thenoffers care or comfort towards the hurt child. An example is when a child (Michael) was stringing spools to make anecklace.
The another child (Amanda)approached and tried to join him. The boy pulled away the strings, but allowedthe Amanda to play with him when she started to cry.