In every person’s life going to the school isa basic need.  Without attending theschool no one can become educated. For this reason, to reach to school isimportant.  In the past our parents hadtime to drop to their children in the school or the school location of isnearby our home so it’s quiet easy to attend the school. But now days theconcept of going to school is totally changed due to the change in workingconditions  of parents, so they did nothave  much time to drop by personally toschool or the school was situated far away from home its not possible forchildren go to school by walking.   Themidway was found out from school management and parents to use the school bustransportation facility.

  All the waythrough the school transportation was played consistent and durable role in thelife of children from preschool through high school. The many of yellow schoolbuses are the most noticeable and safest method of school transportation andmake up the biggest form of public transportation in India. Traveling toschool, however, is a complex undertaking, not always defined by icons.

Manymore students travel to and from school by use of their own vehicle drive bygrown-up children or youngsters than by school bus. From time to time, manyschools also have their own transportation system to pick up the students fromthe nearest destination of their homes.   Keywords: – Bus,children, safety, school transportation, risk.            Introduction In thefast and hectic world of today, both Parents as well as School Administrationare very much concerned about the security and safety of their school childrenparticularly when it comes to their school bus or van journey. It takes a lotof scheduling and logistics to transport the children to and from the school.It is afamous fact that each one of us is a user, a provider, or is affected by schooltransportation at some time during our daily travels. The thousands of yellowschool buses are the most visible and safest mode of school transportation andmake up the largest form of public transportation in India.

Traveling toschool, however, is a complex undertaking, not always defined by icons.Nevertheless many more students travel to and from school by personal vehiclesoperated by adults or teenagers than by school bus, contributing to trafficcongestion and putting school-age children at greater risk. Teenage driversrepresent the highest safety risk category.             Sincelast few decades, communities across the nation have accommodated substantialincreases in student enrollment. The expected boom in school construction andrenovation and the related planning decisions had implications for travel andfor vehicle emissions.By and large, it is observed and understood that most ofthe schools in urban areas have been insisting the parents and guardian of thestudents to send their children through the transportation services rendered bybus operators. Sometimes many schools also have their own transportation systemto pick up the students from the nearest destination of their homes.

Off coursesuch system comprises of buses only.             Beforea couple of years the school children were arriving at school either by autorickshaws or some of them used to come by their parents vehicles. Themanagement of the schools and the parents of the respective student arenormally meet at a particular interval wherein different issues regarding thedifficulties faced by the students are discussed. The media also frequently tryto focus on the issues relating to the school going children. The fact came tothe notice of parents and the school management that the auto rickshaw drivesdeployed for the purpose of transporting the school children used to carry morenumber of students in their autos than the permitted capacities. Their onlypurpose seemed to somehow carry these children to school without giving athought of their safely and security.             Most of the parents also could not find proper time totake their children to the school by their own vehicles. The best solution cameout of using the buses for such purpose.

Now a day’s parents have accepted tosend their wards to the schools mainly by schools buses. They find theses busesmore secured and reliable. The yellow school bus is a unique vehicle. It hasbecome an icon of each nation’s and it is used for school transportation.  School buses the safest way of transportationfor children to get to and from school are designed to be safer than passengervehicles in avoiding crashes and preventing injury. Many Studiesshow that students are really 50 times more likely to reach in school alive bytaking the bus rather than driving by themselves or with their peers. They arealso 20 times more likely to arrive safely by taking the bus rather than ridingin a private vehicle driven by their parents.

There are a number of school bussafety issues faced by students travelling by school vehicles. Hence, there area number of laws in place for ensuring safety. Indian society seems to befailing on this vital indicator as some of the recent events would suggest. Aninternational study conducted by the ‘Reuters Foundation’ voted India as the sixth most dangerous countryworldwide for school children after Sudan, Uganda, Congo, Iraq andSomalia.

School bus and child safety are one of the parameters which are usedto measure the dangers to children. Need of the StudyEverystudent deserves reliable and safe transportation to school. The parents aremore sensitive to the security and the convenience of their school going children.

There is always a possibility of passive attitude in the role of the schools asthey may give more importance to educate the student in a better way thananything else. This may undermine the importance of transport system used forcarrying their students to school and their homes. Students safety and security are some of themain issues of school travel and children are now being escorted to a greaterdegree than in previous generations”.Every school shall have a transport committeeto look into the matters pertaining to safe transportation of school children,transportation fees to be structured area wise, identification of bus stops andvehicle fitness. The committee shall be headed by Principal of the school andshall have one PTA representative as well as the Bus Administrator of theschool,  Traffic/Police Inspector of therespective area, Inspector of motor vehicle/Asst Inspector of  motor vehicle of that area, educationinspector, representative of bus contractor and representative of local authority.

The committee shall meet every sixmonths prior to commencement of each semester.   Literature Review  Juande Oña, Rocío de Oña, Laura Eboli, and Gabriella Mazzullaipropose a technique for assessing the quality of service saw by clients of a bustravel service. A Structural Equation Model (SEM) approach is utilized touncover the in secret dormant viewpoints depicting the service and theconnections between these angles with the Overall Service Quality. Someintriguing outcomes have been acquired. Three dormant factors weredistinguished speaking to the principle attributes of the service. The insecret dormant build acquiring the most noteworthy weight on Overall ServiceQuality is Service, while Comfort and Personnel have little impact.

The travelers’assessment better clarifying the Overall Service Quality is the assessment madewhen travelers have thought about the service. Overseeingservice quality is fundamental to hold consumer loyalty and expand incomes forany business association. Frequently it is hard to survey service qualitybecause of absence of quantifiable measures and restricted information. AnjaliAwasthia, Satyaveer S. Chauhan, Hichem Omrani and Ariyo Panahiiidisplay a cross breed approach in light of SERVQUAL and fluffy TOPSIS forassessing service quality of urban transportation frameworks.

The proposedapproach comprises of three stages. The initial step includes improvement of aSERVQUAL based poll to gather information for measuring transportation servicequality. The members give etymological appraisals to rate the service qualitycriteria and the choices. In step 2, the semantic appraisals are consolidatedthrough fluffy TOPSIS to produce a general execution score for every option.The option with the most elevated score is at long last picked. In step 3,affectability examination is directed to assess the impact of criteria weightson the basic leadership prepare.

 ToddLitmaniiiexplores the esteem travel voyagers put on subjective variables, for example,solace and accommodation, and down to earth approaches to fuse these elementsinto transport arranging and venture assessment. Customary assessment hones forthe most part allot a similar time esteem paying little mind to travelconditions, thus underestimate solace and accommodation impacts. More thoroughinvestigation of travel service quality has a tendency to grow the scope ofpotential travel change alternatives, and legitimize more interests in travelservice quality enhancements. Author analyzes the esteem travelers put ontravel service quality, abridges examine on travel time valuation, investigateshow travel service quality components influence travel time values and travelridership, and talks about ramifications of this examination.

 GabrielaBeirão and J.A. Sarsfield Cabralivexhibit the aftereffects of a subjective investigation of open transportclients and auto clients so as to get a more profound comprehension ofvoyagers’ states of mind towards transport and to investigate view of opentransport service quality. The key discoveries show that keeping in mind theend goal to build open transport utilization, the service ought to be outlinedin a way that suits the levels of service required by clients and thusly, pullin potential clients. Moreover, the decision of transport is affected by a fewcomponents, for example, singular attributes and way of life, the kind ofexcursion, the apparent service execution of each vehicle mode and situationalfactors. This recommends the requirement for division considering travel statesof mind and practices. Approaches which intend to impact auto utilization oughtto be focused at the market sections that are most spurred to change andwilling to decrease recurrence of auto utilize. Research Methodology A researchmethod is a systematic plan for conducting research.

Sociologists drawon a variety of both qualitativeand quantitative researchmethods, including experiments, survey research, participant observation, andsecondary data. Quantitative methods aim to classify features, count them, andcreate statistical models to test hypotheses and explain observations.Qualitative methods aim for a complete, detailed description of observations,including the context of events and circumstances.The researcher has adopted descriptiveresearch design for the present research purpose.  Collection of Data The task of datacollection begins after a research problem has been defining and researchdesign chalk. While deciding about the method of data collection to use for thestudy, two types of data should be in mind, i.

e. Primary data and secondarydata.  1.        Primary Data: – This the original source of the information whereresearcher himself collects all the information directly from the differentpeople through discussion or by observation. Primary data is not applicable forcost sheet analysis.2.     Secondary Data: – It is the data, which is already present in thesecondary form like   newspaper,journals, newsletters that are derive by any other person or institute.

It wasalready exists and it is in processed form.  This research paper was based on thesecondary data. However, researcher was collected the secondary data throughPrint media like books, magazines, research articles on Google Scholar, WileyOn-line and such other internet websites, related company literatures andonline reports of various research organizations, etc.

 Findings and Discussion:School bus is undoubtedly the mostconvenient means of student transportation. But unfortunately, there are anumber of school bus safety issues faced by students travelling by schoolvehicles. Hence, there are a number of laws in place for ensuring safety.The Road and Transport Authority (RTA)summarized the benefits of these laws as providing comfort, security and safetyfor students and parents alike. These benefits include reaching schools ontime, reducing pollution emission resulting from vehicle exhausts and reducingtraffic jams.

National Safety Council It is callingfor uniform child passenger safety practices across multiple modes oftransportation, including school buses, airplanes and personal vehicles. Amongthese recommendations, the Council urges the installation of lap and shoulderbelts on new school buses with proper restraints for children with specialneeds, and NSC calls for all children ages 2 and younger to be properlyrestrained in their own seat on airplanes using an FAA-approved child restraintdevice. The Council also encourages ambulances, policevehicles and recreational vehicles to accommodate the unique needs of childpassengers whenever possible, and calls for additional consideration whentransporting children with special needs.    Aboutthe National Safety Council Founded in 1913 and charteredby Congress, the National Safety Council is a nonprofit organization whosemission is to save lives by preventing injuries and deaths at work, in homesand communities, and on the road through leadership, research, education andadvocacy.

NSC advances this mission by partnering with businesses, governmentagencies, elected officials and the public in areas where we can make the mostimpact – distracted driving, teen driving, workplace safety, prescription drugoverdoses and Safe Communities.i According to Centres for Disease Control andPrevention ii When someone in the vehicle must ride in the front seat, select the oldestpassenger and never place a rear-facing car seat in front of an active air bag.School  bus safety policy releasedby government of Maharashtra.The school education and sports department,government of Maharashtra, has issued the school bus policy formulated by acommittee set up by the department on July 23, 2008. The resolution hasover 30 guidelines, which include the setting up of a transport committee inevery school to look into matters pertaining to the safe transportation of itsstudents, identification of bus stops, vehicle fitness and the requirement ofan annual common standard agreement between the school and the bus contractor.There are FewRevised Guidelines as follows – A.

Every school shall have a transportcommittee to look into the matters pertaining to safe transportation of schoolchildren, transportation fees to be structured area wise, identification of busstops and vehicle fitness. The committee shall be headed by Principal of theschooland shall have one PTA representative as well as the Bus Administrator of theschool,Traffic/Police Inspector of the respective area, Inspector of motorvehicle/Asst Inspector ofmotor vehicle of that area, education inspector, representative of buscontractor andrepresentative of local authority. The committee shall meet every six monthsprior tocommencement of each semester.B. The Principal of the school shallbe responsible for safe transportation of school children and shall takeappropriate steps for day to day supervision of the manner in which thetransportation of students is carried out to and from the school.

Further, theschool shallenter into a Common Standard Agreement (CSA) with the transporters and shall administerthe School Bus Service through the Bus Administrator.C. The school authorities shall beresponsible for conducting one day refresher course of FirstAid and fire extinguishing techniques twice a year before the commencement ofsemesters.D. Wherever available, the schoolauthorities shall provide for space inside the schoolpremises, in order to ensure safe alighting and boarding of the school childrenfrom thevehicle.E.

First Aid box with necessary medicines and equipment shall be kept inthe vehicle and thesame shall be checked by the Principal/Authorized person every month. Theattendantsshould be provided with a mobile phone by the transport contractor.F. Every school bus shall carry information of students indicatinghis/her blood group andcontact numbers in case of emergency as well as the bus route paper.G. Two fire extinguishers of ABC type, capacity 5 kg each and bearingISI mark, is required to be kept in every school bus, one in the drivers cabinand the other in the rear, near theemergency door of the bus.

H. No such seating shall be permitted which can block the emergency doorof the bus.I. Lady Attendants/ Male attendants-Cleaners must assist children whilstthey are boarding &alighting from the Buses. They should also check the ID of the Attendant comingto receivethe child. Children of Primary Schools shall be received at destination stopsby authorizedpersons. In case of children of Junior & Middle schools, if the student IDcard has a tick inthe box of attendant and if no attendant is present at the stop, then the childis to be broughtback to schoolSafety Issues related of School Bus Rides and Their SolutionsSchool buses are among the safest formof school transportation. The credit of school bus safetygoes to the numerous safety measures connected with them.

From our environmentto traffic blocks, school buses tackle a number of issues. They are at serviceon every working day of school without disappointing parents or children. With the help of technology such as StudentTracking systems, you won’t have to worry about the school transportationsafety any more. The location of each school bus can be traced without failusing School Bus Tracking systems. Abduction of school buses can thus become a high-riskproposition for terrorists.

Even when on road, school buses remain undercontrol of the concerned authority. From speed to punctuality, the bus remainsunder constant, real-time observation. School bus, no doubt is the ultimatesolution for safe transportation of children to and from school. There are alot of factors that adds to the school bus safety.From GPS tracking toRFID tags isanother technology based safety measure than can help you to stop worryingabout the safety of children. Even during busy schedules, parents can easilyconfirm the safety of children without much effort, thanks to technology. Themoney saved on school bus is not money saved. Instead, it reflects a lack of responsibility.

 Safety issues of the best ride and itssolutions There are certain safety measures thatmust be considered in order to ensure school bus safety. 1. Waiting for the school bus – Routes of the schoolbuses are scheduled in such a way that it is possible for students to choosethe most convenient one.

Leave at the right time to the bus stop, don’t rush. Issue – While waiting for the bus, thestudent may be alone. They may rush to the school bus stop if they are late andcould be careless while crossing the road.

Solution – RFID tags helpparents to know the exact location of the child. The moment a child enters thebus, parents are notified. The fear of getting lost is eliminated as parentswill know immediately if there is any danger. Wait quietly at the safest place,away from the road, for the school bus. 2.

Entering the school bus – Entering the school buscan sometimes be a dangerous task for children. Always stay away from thedanger zone of the bus. Issue – Children might rush to enter theschool bus, which can cause injury. Waiting too close to the bus is dangerous. Solution -Children must enter theschool bus without rushing. The driver may not be able to see the children ifthey are in the danger zone. Therefore, always maintain a single line of queuewhile entering the bus.

Use the rail while getting into the bus. Also, get intothe bus only when it stops completely. 3.

Seat belts -Nearly 63,000 lives havebeen saved between 2008 and 2012 by the usage of seat belts. According to law,seat belts are a must for car users and helmets for bikers. Issue – It is quite surprising to know thatmost of the school buses do not have seat belts. The seat belts equipped inschool buses do not go over the shoulder and lap as in cars.  Solution – The school buses with seat belts serve better safety and security. Installation of seat belts must bemade compulsory in every school bus.

Seat belts must be installed in such a waythat it is useful for the children rather than hurting them. 4. Behaviour inside the bus – It is natural thatstudents tend to make noise and fight inside the school bus. Issue -The noise made by the children mightdistract the driver which can result in an accident. Children will always havea tendency to put their head and hands outside the bus. Eating and drinkinginside the bus can also adversely affect the children. It not only contaminatesthe bus floor, but also, causes accidents to students as the food materialslying on the school bus surface may cause the students to slip on them.

. Solution – Children must be taughthow to behave inside the school. They must sit properly in the bus withoutmoving here and there.

Waving hands and putting head out of the window canresult in serious injury. A supervisor can be appointed to take care ofchildren while inside the bus. 5. Getting out of the bus -More accidents happen bybeing hit by a school bus than while riding in a school bus.

For instance, athird-grade student, after getting out of the bus, finds that his importantpapers have fallen under the bus. Naturally, he will dash towards the bus tocollect it. Not knowing about the child, the driver will start the bus. Simplenegligence can result in serious injury and even to death.

Issue- Children are unaware about thedangers that may happen to them if they stand too close to the school bus.Standing too close to the school bus after getting out of it can cause injury. Solution – Children must be taughtabout the safety tips and rules that they must maintain once they get out ofthe bus. They must be well aware about the danger zones around the bus, fromwhere they should keep themselves away.  The above 5 is the issues related of safety andgive their solutions.Conclusion –  Schoolbus transportation plays a vital role in the lives of students from pre-schoolto high school.  So the safety is the major issue of each and everyschool going children.

  Each and everyschool followed the rules and regulation declared by the government time to time.In that the school authority as well as parents have take equal responsibility.Due to time constrain parents cannot droop their children to school , so theschool bus transportation is the easiest and safest mode of travelling used allover the world . In every country the school bus’s colour yellow is unique. Nowa day’s much new technology and software’s are used for monitoring thebehaviour of school bus drivers and children’s in the school bus. Parents witha  deep sigh of relief hand over theirchildren to the bus attendant   Sendingour child on a bus means they  will onlyhave to walk a short distance before boarding, and then will come home in thesame fashion — bringing further safety to the child and peace of mind to you.

“Safety is simple as ABC, Always Be Careful”    

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