In the book To Kill A Mockingbird written by Harper Lee, examines the cruel and harsh realities of racial injustice and racial inequality that resonated during that era. Tom Robinson, an African American man in the book, is accused of raping a white woman, Mayella Ewell. The trial of Tom Robinson triggers many reactions and emotions from different characters throughout the novel. For Jem and Scout Finch it shows a change in perspective and brings strong feelings on the unfair conviction of Tom Robinson.

Where as Bob Ewell it attracts a misdemeanor and evil actions. In To Kill A Mockingbird, Harper Lee exhibits through conflicts, quotes and ironies, the  unfair and injustice of convicting Tom Robinson in the early 1930’s. First and foremost, The unfair trial of Tom Robinson created many strong, emotional thoughts and feelings for Jem. During and After experiencing a trial with so much different emotions it makes, Jem more sensitive and fragile. When Scout finds a pill bug, that roles on it side, she constantly pokes it making it fall to it side. Jem Says to Scout, “Don’t do that, Scout.

Set him out on the back steps” (Lee, 319), This is to protect the harmless insect. When Jem realises that Justice does not always triumph unfair decisions he becomes infuriated, which results in his fragile state and thoughtful reflections on the trial.  When the verdict was read by the jury, Jem believes that the jury was going to favour with Tom Robinson, when the jury sided with May Ella, Jem 2Cried.

Scout who was present at the verdict hearing said,  “His face was streaked with angry tears as we made our way through the cheerful crowd” (284).  When jem looks back on the unfair trial hearing he says, “It ain’t right” (284),  When jem realizes that it is biased for a person to lose their freedom and rights because of their skin colour which is discrimination he becomes and angered and enraged with many different emotions. An addition to jem being impacted by the trial, Scout shows a shift in her behaviour when the trial is over. Before the trial Scout does not have prior knowledge of misjudgements and racial inequality. The trial shifts Scout judgement on how she looks at society and the world.

Her focus is on the cruel events that occurred during the trial which will stay with her forever. Scout now realizes that justice does not always occur to the right people, and sometimes they get mistreated and bullied by others. Before the judgement of the jury’s response is read Scout is already aware that the jury will side with Mayella’s fake story. In the novel she thinks to herself and says. “The feeling grew until the atmosphere in the courtroom was exactly the same as a cold February morning, when the mockingbirds were still” (281). She was implying that Tom Robinson’s statement was very compelling and full of facts but because of his skin color and the prejudices that occurred during that time the jury sided with Mayella, This shows the racial inequality and the injustice of the 1930’s as well as during the trial. While characters like Jem and Scout shifted their attitudes towards injustice acts and racial inequality, Bob ewell on the other hand became very enraged with anger and wanted3revenge against the humiliation Atticus tortured him with.

Even though the verdict favours Mayella, Bob ewell is humiliated by the question Atticus asked him during the trial. This causes him to look more outcasted in a social aspect. The trial evidence directs attention to Bob ewell beating Mayella after she, tries to seduce Tom. After the trial, Bob Ewell becomes furious and seeks out revenge on Atticus.

When Bob Ewell spits-on Atticus, and does not get the response he was looking for, he says to Atticus “To proud to fight you nigger-lovin’ bastard?” (291). Bob ewell feels that after he says this he will get the response he was looking for.When Atticus Responds with “No, too old” (291), Bob ewell directs his attention to Jem and Scout. When Bob ewell tries to Kill jem and Scout on the night of the halloween pagent, it leads to his own death from one of the finches trying to save the children.

This shows that justice was served when Bob ewell was targeting the children. In conclusion, the injustice and unfair trial of Tom Robinson had a positive effect on both Jem and Scout shifting the way they look at their society and the world. However It had a negative effect on Bob Ewell who seeked revenge for Atticus humiliation in the courtroom, but justice caught up with Bob when he tried killing Jem and scout. Harper lee has written a classic novel that shows the racial injustice of the 1930’s in the book To Kill A Mockingbird.


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