IKEDIASHI OBEHI PRECIOUS  IKEDIASHI OBEHI PRECIOUS  CHILD HEALTH AND ACCESS TO GOOD DRINKINGWATER           JANUARY 2018Children health’s I will say is the nation’s Wealth. Waterthey say is Life. Coming from a developing nation, Nigeria, I have experiencedvarious challenges in the health system in my country where treatment islargely dependent on your status whether you can afford it or not. To ensurethat the child is healthy and have the opportunity to fulfil their potentials,there must be a collective efforts and commitment to ensuring a child access togood drinking water. This will greatly edge out frequent visitation to healthcare service which is as a result of lack of good drinking water as one of themajor causes of health challenges in children even in the elderly.

Consequently, growingup in a rural area where water is an essential commodity, drinking clean andgood water can be equated to having billions in your bank account. As a youngTeen then, I often wish I could liberate my community from frequent choleraepidemic outbreak which resulted from drinking contaminated water and lack ofgood health care services. Miserably, children were typically at the receivingend. This will prompt me to engage in community and population health sciencewith a major in child health research.

According to TheAmerican College of Paediatrics (ACP) in June 2009, The American College of Paediatrics(ACP) issued a report calling for improved public education about drinkingwater and children’s health. The report raised concern about children’sincreased susceptibility to the possible health effects of contaminateddrinking water from any source – public water systems, private water wells, andbottled water. The ACP report concluded that “well water can be used safely byfamilies, but regular testing is recommended,” and issued a report calling forimproved public education about drinking water and children’s health. Thereport raised concern about children’s increased susceptibility to the possiblehealth effects of contaminated drinking water from any source – public watersystems, private water wells, and bottled water. The ACP report concluded that”well water can be used safely by families, but regular testing isrecommended,” 1In a nation likemine, well water and ground water are the most common drinking water source formore than 8 million Nigerian Households in rural Areas and sadly, most of thiswell water and ground water are never treated due to negligence of thewell-being of the citizens of the country by the government agencies, limitedresources on the side of the citizens, lack of information and awareness.

As aresult of this, a lot of children are faced with various health issues rangingfrom Cholera, diarrhoea allergies etc. My previousresearch on the mortality rate in children in Fika Yobe State in 2007 shownthat 80% of children in this state died as a result of contaminated water. Forinstant, in Fika community in particular, the major source of water is groundwater. When this water was tested, a lot of contaminants were found in the water.Among many is Cryptosporidium parvum, that is usually present in human andanimal faecal waste. The infection caused by this parasite has been known to bean “emerging microbial threats to the population”. The tiniest size of thisparasite hinders the typical treatment of this water.

Hence any child exposedto this parasite unknowingly taken in the water can experience gastrointestinalproblems including vomiting, diarrhoea, allergies and/or cramps. The children werehighly vulnerable due to their weakened immune systems as a result ofmalnutrition and lack of good health care services predominantly in this area. At the end of theresearch, there was implementation of the necessary findings and recommendations,which enhanced the children’s health and even the elderly. The health recordsof children who lived between 2007 -2009 was far better than previous years. Therewas 80% improvement in the water system treatment and healthcare services. Themortality rate also reduced drastically.

There was a reduction in infectiousdiseases in the community. The water contaminant was greatly reduced therebyleaving the community with a more purer water for consumption.My involvement in thisresearch led me to a volunteered service in the community health care servicebetween 2007 -2009. The research reports attracted Federal and state governmentagencies to provide good water systems water in the state.

Centre for diseasecontrol was also contacted and lastly the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)were greatly employed to help control, eradicate and mitigate subsequent/futureoccurrences. This brought a significant change to the life style of the communitypopulation. I created awareness throughout the community and its environs.Furthermore, I organised educated programs for mothers, especially nursingmothers about the need to make use of clean water when feeding their youngones.

I also volunteered to work in the community health care where I assistedin counselling, education and minor treatment of affected children.Regardless of thesignificant improvement in the child well-being, there are still national andinternational indicators that the child’s health needs to be improved.According to UNICEF bureau of health statistics in 2017, Statistics shows “thatmalnutrition among children under age five has worsened nationwide with thehighest concerns in northern states.

It said child wasting rate (children whoare too thin for their age) increased from 24.2 per cent to 31.5 per cent whilechild stunting (children who are too short for their age) increased from 34.

8per cent to 43.6 per cent”2. Lack of good drinking water could alsocontribute to malnutrition. The above data from UNICEF was obtained betweenSeptember 2016 and January 2017 from Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS),a globally recognised and absolute source of information for assessing thesituation of children and women in the areas of health, nutrition; water, sanitation & hygiene(WASH), education, protection, and HIV & AIDS amongst others.Hence, an urge hasbeen created in me to carry out more research on child health in the departmentof community and population Health at the University of Saskatchewan; As one ofthe top schools who is grossly involve in various research coupled with mybackground in Statistics, I am very certain that my desire will be met if I amgiven the opportunity.

And this will further assist largely in planning,monitory and presentation of facts and results to address the prevalent issuesin the overall child health and/or well-being.    (1)  National Academy of Science;accessing and improving child health. copy right 2004 Bookshelf ID NBK92210 (2) UNICEF, Statistics Bureau; Nigeria infant mortality rate falls. November 16, 2017  (3) OseghaleDavidson: My child’s health, my wealth. Oct2016 , unpublished (4)                                                                                                          JANUARY 2018Children health’s I will say is the nation’s Wealth.

Waterthey say is Life. Coming from a developing nation, Nigeria, I have experiencedvarious challenges in the health system in my country where treatment islargely dependent on your status whether you can afford it or not. To ensurethat the child is healthy and have the opportunity to fulfil their potentials,there must be a collective efforts and commitment to ensuring a child access togood drinking water.

This will greatly edge out frequent visitation to healthcare service which is as a result of lack of good drinking water as one of themajor causes of health challenges in children even in the elderly.Consequently, growingup in a rural area where water is an essential commodity, drinking clean andgood water can be equated to having billions in your bank account. As a youngTeen then, I often wish I could liberate my community from frequent choleraepidemic outbreak which resulted from drinking contaminated water and lack ofgood health care services. Miserably, children were typically at the receivingend. This will prompt me to engage in community and population health sciencewith a major in child health research.

According to TheAmerican College of Paediatrics (ACP) in June 2009, The American College of Paediatrics(ACP) issued a report calling for improved public education about drinkingwater and children’s health. The report raised concern about children’sincreased susceptibility to the possible health effects of contaminateddrinking water from any source – public water systems, private water wells, andbottled water. The ACP report concluded that “well water can be used safely byfamilies, but regular testing is recommended,” and issued a report calling forimproved public education about drinking water and children’s health. Thereport raised concern about children’s increased susceptibility to the possiblehealth effects of contaminated drinking water from any source – public watersystems, private water wells, and bottled water. The ACP report concluded that”well water can be used safely by families, but regular testing isrecommended,” 1In a nation likemine, well water and ground water are the most common drinking water source formore than 8 million Nigerian Households in rural Areas and sadly, most of thiswell water and ground water are never treated due to negligence of thewell-being of the citizens of the country by the government agencies, limitedresources on the side of the citizens, lack of information and awareness.

As aresult of this, a lot of children are faced with various health issues rangingfrom Cholera, diarrhoea allergies etc. My previousresearch on the mortality rate in children in Fika Yobe State in 2007 shownthat 80% of children in this state died as a result of contaminated water. Forinstant, in Fika community in particular, the major source of water is groundwater. When this water was tested, a lot of contaminants were found in the water.Among many is Cryptosporidium parvum, that is usually present in human andanimal faecal waste. The infection caused by this parasite has been known to bean “emerging microbial threats to the population”.

The tiniest size of thisparasite hinders the typical treatment of this water. Hence any child exposedto this parasite unknowingly taken in the water can experience gastrointestinalproblems including vomiting, diarrhoea, allergies and/or cramps. The children werehighly vulnerable due to their weakened immune systems as a result ofmalnutrition and lack of good health care services predominantly in this area. At the end of theresearch, there was implementation of the necessary findings and recommendations,which enhanced the children’s health and even the elderly.

The health recordsof children who lived between 2007 -2009 was far better than previous years. Therewas 80% improvement in the water system treatment and healthcare services. Themortality rate also reduced drastically. There was a reduction in infectiousdiseases in the community. The water contaminant was greatly reduced therebyleaving the community with a more purer water for consumption.My involvement in thisresearch led me to a volunteered service in the community health care servicebetween 2007 -2009. The research reports attracted Federal and state governmentagencies to provide good water systems water in the state. Centre for diseasecontrol was also contacted and lastly the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)were greatly employed to help control, eradicate and mitigate subsequent/futureoccurrences.

This brought a significant change to the life style of the communitypopulation. I created awareness throughout the community and its environs.Furthermore, I organised educated programs for mothers, especially nursingmothers about the need to make use of clean water when feeding their youngones.

I also volunteered to work in the community health care where I assistedin counselling, education and minor treatment of affected children.Regardless of thesignificant improvement in the child well-being, there are still national andinternational indicators that the child’s health needs to be improved.According to UNICEF bureau of health statistics in 2017, Statistics shows “thatmalnutrition among children under age five has worsened nationwide with thehighest concerns in northern states. It said child wasting rate (children whoare too thin for their age) increased from 24.2 per cent to 31.

5 per cent whilechild stunting (children who are too short for their age) increased from 34.8per cent to 43.6 per cent”2. Lack of good drinking water could alsocontribute to malnutrition. The above data from UNICEF was obtained betweenSeptember 2016 and January 2017 from Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS),a globally recognised and absolute source of information for assessing thesituation of children and women in the areas of health, nutrition; water, sanitation & hygiene(WASH), education, protection, and HIV & AIDS amongst others.Hence, an urge hasbeen created in me to carry out more research on child health in the departmentof community and population Health at the University of Saskatchewan; As one ofthe top schools who is grossly involve in various research coupled with mybackground in Statistics, I am very certain that my desire will be met if I amgiven the opportunity. And this will further assist largely in planning,monitory and presentation of facts and results to address the prevalent issuesin the overall child health and/or well-being.    (1)  National Academy of Science;accessing and improving child health.

copy right 2004 Bookshelf ID NBK92210 (2) UNICEF, Statistics Bureau; Nigeria infant mortality rate falls. November 16, 2017  (3) OseghaleDavidson: My child’s health, my wealth. Oct2016 , unpublished (4)                                                                                                

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