II. General OverviewAlthough people fleeing their countries to avoid conflict or persecution and seeking refuge in another is not a new phenomenon, the situation certainly reached its peak in the recent years. The report published by The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, The Global Report 2016, states that the number of displaced persons have never been higher in the history of mankind. As of 2017, the estimated numbers are 65.5 million, among them are approximately 22.5 millions of underaged persons.Even if Syrian Civil War was and still is a major driver of migration, it is not the sole blame. The ongoing violence in Afghanistan and Iraq, ethnic violence in South Sudan, the minority oppression in Myanmar, abuses in Eritrea, as well as poverty in Kosovo, are also leading people to look for new beginnings elsewhere. Contrary to the common belief, the majority of the asylum seekers don’t desert to wealthy countries, rather they retreat to the nearest, safest country they can reach.  If we take into consideration that the countries which are in a state of war or in conflict are mainly located in the Middle East, the asylum seekers are largely in Turkey, Pakistan, Lebanon, Iran, and Jordan. Since these countries are financially unstable, they cannot support the refugees sufficiently. Without the help of relief agencies or the United Nations, decent living conditions could not be obtained, essentially forcing victims to look for other, wealthier countries to live. The number of people seeking protection in Europe has grown considerably in recent years. With European countries limiting the number of refugees they register to a bare minimum, many refugees and migrants take dangerous journeys to reside illegally, many losing their lives and their loved ones along the way.United Nations High Commissioner for RefugeesThe agency is mandated to lead and coordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide. Its primary purpose is to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees. It strives to ensure that everyone can exercise the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge in another State, with the option to return home voluntarily, integrate locally or to resettle in a third country. It also has the mandate to help stateless people.United Nations Relief and Works AgencyUNRWA human development and humanitarian services encompass primary and vocational education, primary health care, relief and social services, infrastructure and camp improvement, microfinance and emergency response, including in situations of armed conflict. UNRWA operates in Gaza, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria and West Bank.Common European Asylum SystemThe Common European Asylum System (CEAS) provides common minimum standards for the treatment of all asylum seekers and applications. The CEAS consists of a legal framework covering all aspects of the asylum process and a support agency – the European Asylum Support Office (EASO). However, in practice, the current system is still characterized by differing treatment of asylum seekers and varying recognition rates amongst EU Member States.European Asylum Support OfficeEASO is an agency of the European Union set up by Regulation (EU) 439/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council. The agency acts as a centre of expertise on asylum, contributes to the development of the Common European Asylum System by facilitating, coordinating and strengthening practical cooperation among Member States on the many aspects of asylum, helps Member States fulfill their European and international obligations to give protection to people in need, provides practical and technical support to Member States and the European Commission, provides operational support to Member States with specific needs and to Member States whose asylum and reception systems are under particular pressure, provides evidence-based input for EU policy making and legislation in all areas having a direct or indirect impact on asylum.International Rescue CommitteeThe International Rescue Committee (IRC) is a global humanitarian aid, relief, and developmentnongovernmental organization. Founded in 1933 at the request of Albert Einstein, the IRC offers emergency aid and long-term assistance to refugees and those displaced by war, persecution or natural disaster. The IRC is currently working in over 40 countries and 28 U.S. cities where it resettles refugees and helps them become self-sufficient. It focuses mainly on health, education, economic well-being, power, and safety. Amnesty InternationalWorld Relief”…In our own backyard and around the globe, we stand with individuals and communities through the process of healing, reconciliations, transformation, and empowerment.”World Relief, founded in 1944, is an international relief and development agency, which offers assistance to victims of poverty, disease, hunger, war, disasters, and persecution. The organization has offices worldwide and is supported by churches, foundations, and individual donors, as well as through United States Government grants from USAID and other agencies. The organization works with local partners to essential supplies, nutrition and hygiene programs for mothers, safe spaces for children and psychosocial counseling for victims of violence.


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