Human Cloning What is Human cloning?It is the process of genetically modifying a human. The term is generally used to refer to artificial human cloning, which is the reproduction of human cells and tissue (“Dolly Sheep,” n.
d.) .Cloning can occur at the level of DNA at molecular levels. It has been a widely displayed in our culture from movies all the way to book and tv shows it has a prominent status in society as something that should be feared and yet admired. Human cloning has not fully been perfect but on January 1996 scientist were one step closer with genetically cloning a sheep called dolly.
The cell used as the donor for the cloning of Dolly was taken from a mammary gland, and the production of a healthy clone therefore proved that a cell taken from a specific part of the body could recreate a whole individual. On Dolly’s name, Wilmut stated “Dolly is derived from a mammary gland cell and we couldn’t think of a more impressive pair of glands than Dolly Parton’s(“Dolly Sheep,” n.d.) .
This experiment let humans one step closer to what they see on their TV screens to a reality that will seem the norm in the near future. They are many types of cloning such as gene,reproductive, and therapeutic cloning. So far there has not been much breakthrough for human cloning.
The human has amazingly complex systems so it is unlikely that any truly groundbreaking research will come about within the next few decades because of this. There are many reasons for scientist to advance the research of human cloning. There can be medical breakthroughs such as that embryonic stem cells eventually turn into every kind of tissue, including brain, muscle and nerve. If scientists could harness their powers, these cells could serve as the body’s self-repair kit. It can also store endangered species cells and recreate the animal.
It can change humanity for better or worse depending on how we as a society drive it. Some of the unintended consequences that have occurred during this research have been that parents can replace a dying child with a genetically identical new one, By having clones, people can in some measure have more of themselves and thereby make a bigger impact. And clones can be produced usually high or low mental capacities that would suit them well to do socially needed tasks, for example challenging problem solving or menial labor. Some people have wanted to even clone dead pets to regain their lost companion. Also scientists could clone a cow whose milk contains beneficial protein for humans and make copies for that utter that could greatly help society. Any defective genes can be thoroughly removed with cloning. So say if you family has asthma cloning delete that gene for your child and they no longer have that gene.
They are many positive and negatives to human cloning.Pros: Defective genes can be eliminated, prevent some genetic disorders, Cons: Can create a divide in society with some people have better attributes, genetic defects such premature death and early aging, interferes with religion and nature.There are many morally and immediate dangers of Human Cloning noticeably by religious establishments over the past few decades. Often people believe that the clones will have the same exact personality as the originals thus causing conflicts. Many churches believe that embryos are carrying human with souls and that reducing them to just “cells” is wrong and evil.
Also that cloning is playing God as if the scientist are just coping and trying to improve the humans God created and that cloning is not natural at all. People will also want to clone a bring back dead family members or people who they cared for which will obviously become a huge negative for society in the future if this were ever to become a possibility. In turn scientist have thought they could alter life on earth giving them a God-complex it has caused major outcry in opposition groups. The bioethics and dignity organization has stated their criticism by stating ‘The United States should promote ethical scientific and medical research, and not merely the progress of research, as “good ends” don’t justify any and all means to achieve those ends”. Also the fact that most of the country do not want human cloning shows that private institutes get to continue this experimentation for no public and only personal means.
Also it took 272 times to clone dolly and sheep are not as complex as humans. To clone humans it would probably take five times that amount and that would be cruel and unusual. The deformities that could occur and mutations could cause all of good science to be halted by this field and then human progress would be halted because of this.
Reproductive Cloning is the process of making a full living copy of an organism .Reproductive cloning of animals transplants nuclei from body cells into eggs that have had their nucleus removed. That egg is then stimulated to divide using an electrical charge and is implanted into the uterus of a female.Therapeutic Cloning is the process where nuclear transplantation of a patient’s own cells makes an oocyte from which immune-compatible cells (especially stem cells) can be derived for transplant (CNN.
com). These cells are stimulated to divide and are grown in a Petri dish rather than in the uterus. These are just a few of the potential uses of cloning we may see in the future. Human cloning is now becoming a reality but its future is uncertain with humankind torn over different views about the topic.