). Department of Homeland Security; Retrieved January 10, 2018, from (n.d.). Executive Order 13228: Establishing theOffice of Homeland Security and the Homeland Security Council; Retrieved January09, 2018, from https://www.hsdl.org/?abstract&did=1619 Reference Executive orders can have a variety ofeffects for our country, both good and bad.
Executive order 13228 has had apositive impact on America. Executive Order 13228, established the Office ofHomeland Security that is held responsible for ensuring the safety of theUnited States from terrorist attacks and disasters. Although the attacks ofSeptember 11th, played a role for the initiation of the ExecutiveOrder, it has put in place organization that was previously not there in order todetect vital intelligence for the importance of protecting the United States.The Department of Homeland Security is still not perfect and often is criticizeddue to its responses to significant events, but it has paved a way for future improvementsin preparations in order to deal with terrorism and disasters within the UnitedStates.
It has set fourth organization which was previously not there. Section 3 focuses on the functions andnational strategy. Specifically working with agencies, State and localgovernments, and NGO’s detection for the detection, prevention, preparing andprotecting the United States and its citizens in the event of a terroristattack as well as the recovery process in the event of a terrorist threats orattack within the United States. In addition, it outlines the detection and pinpoints the importance of communications between all agencies to communicateintelligence information pertaining to terrorist threats. This way it willeliminate the event of an actual attack. Section three also outlines theresponse and recovery which includes medical, financial aid to victims ofnatural disasters and terrorist threats. It concentrates on the restoration offacilities and removal of contaminants as a result of significant events.
Otherfocal points of section three include incident management which appoints theAssistant to the President for Homeland Security as the primary individual forcoordinating the domestic response efforts of all departments and agencies inthe event of a terrorist attack as well as post attack. This also identifiesthe Assistant to the President for Homeland Security as the principal point ofcontact to the President. The continuity of government identifies the need forthe assistant to the President for Homeland Security and the assistant to thePresident for National Security Affairs, to work hand in hand to review plansand the preparation process for the continuity of government. Lastly, section three covers public affairswhich will focus on the delivery of information to the public, as well asresponse and precaution information. Section 4 and 5 state the administrationis directed by the assistant to the president for DHS and establishment ofHomeland Security Council, which is responsible for advising and assisting thePresident with all aspects of homeland security.Section 1 of Executive order 13228details the responsibilities of the Office of Homeland Security which includes detection,preparedness, prevention, protection against, response to, and recovery fromterrorist attacks within America.
Section 2 focuses on the overall mission. Themission focuses on the national strategy to protect the United States fromenemy threat and attacks.The creation ofthe Office of Homeland security under executive order 13228 was a positive change for America andhistorically impacted our country. The DHS contains the departments of Justice;Executive Office of Immigration Review, Defense; national defense and bioweapons, Energy; environmental laboratory, Agriculture; animal and plant health,Commerce; computer security, State; visa services, Transportation; TSA, HumanServices; medical response and preparedness and Treasury; FLETC and customs).The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the General Services Administrationare independent offices.
There are several historic eventsin the United States history that resulted in the establishment of executiveorders. The terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, on United States soilresulted in the creation of Executive Order 13228, which was signed by GeorgeW. Bush. The attacks which took place on 9-11 highlighted several weaknessesand vulnerabilities in America. It reflected on the fact that the United Stateswas not prepared in the initial response to these attacks. Executive Order13228 ultimately established the Office of Homeland Security along with itsdirector who was appointed as the assistant to the president for homelandsecurity, as outlined in section 1.
Under George W. Bush’s proposal, DHS wouldorganize and structure responses and involvement between all governmentagencies on emergency responses. Since there was no organization andcommunication problems with all responding agencies, this was somethingimportant that had to be put in place.Historically,executive orders have been issued by all the Presidents of the United States,starting with George Washington’s first executive order on June 8, 1789. An executive order is issued by the President of the UnitedStates, with the power from Congress and the Constitution. There are several things similar toan executive order such as the president’s directive, memorandum and notice,just to name a few.
Generally what distinguishes a Presidents Executive Orderis the requirement for it to be published and circulated amongst the federalregister and Code of Regulations in order for it to have a legal effect. Executiveorders also don’t require congress approval which makes it a critical tool forthe President, since they can be used to set policy and in order to avoidopposition.Executive Order 1322810 Jan 2018Professor Payne, Dr. LawrenceHLS320, Trident University ExperienceEricka Mena CaseModule 3 I have beentrying to send in my assignments all night. I am not sure what was going onwith my connection, I have a saved error from the site when it would not let mesign in. Please let me know if this will be an issue in the turn in of thisassignment.