because of the drug trade and most of the country being consumed by violence,
unlawful drug trafficking, and corruption; the political leaders in Mexico
don’t have any strong foothold inside the country. This happens because of
previous leaders who speak out in opposition to the cartels are either
assassinated or paid off. This keeps these political figures at arm’s reach for
the cartels to have complete control over the physical goods and unlawful
trafficking. the united states have certainly one of the biggest drug needs,
making the illicit drug trade within the U.S. extremely profitable for the
Mexican cartels. each year, it’s far expected that drug cartels earnings
approximately $35 billion to $45 billion USD a year promoting cannabis,
methamphetamines, cocaine, and heroin, growing the strength of drug lords and
cartels. it is tough to take down drug cartels because of corruption in the
police and judicial system and the ever-increasing demand for drugs.


The presence of the
military has induced the cartels to fight amongst themselves over territory and
drug shipments and with the Mexican military, ensuing in the deaths of hundreds
of innocent civilians caught within the gun battles that follow. The drug
conflict in Mexico has affected many bordering nations and has led to a blatant
disregard for human life. The United States has had troubles with border
violence due to increasing violence among drug cartels inside the northern
Mexican states.

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The drug war evidently tried to rid the country of
illegal drugs and drug trafficking. Unfortunately, has been an appalling
failure and worsened the condition of the state. Mexico
consistently stays a major exporter of class A drugs and a significant
transshipment point for cocaine from Andean South America bound for the United
States. These class A drugs make it over the closely fortified US-Mexican
border more effortlessly than migrants searching for work within the US. The
ease of the drug cartels to kill, corrupt, and evade seizing of illegal
trafficking has grown aggressively as have their earnings. since the 1900s, the
United States has intervened covertly and openly to put into effect drug
prohibition south of the border. Mexico has not been able to invent their own
independent methods to drug use inside its very borders nor to global drug
trafficking. Prohibitionist drug policies have transformed Mexico into a
primary cultivator, exporter, and transshipment factor for illicit drugs that
supply the US marketplace.



Several issues of financial and political concerns began over a long period
of time to make Mexico a prime drug cultivating and exporting country. A crucial component that allowed the drug trade in Mexico
to no longer only develop and continue to exist however to increase is the
primary involvement of the Mexican nation. The
immense capacity of the drug economy and the role it plays in preserving the
country’ financial needs, the insistent greed and corruption of the government
officials assured that prohibition may want to never absolutely be successful. At the same time as entire sections of the government, police, and
navy are on the cartel payroll, any other segment isn’t and is dedicated to
rooting out corruption and implementing prohibition. those inner contradictions
make a contribution to the chaos and violence of the drug conflict. Trying to approach and prosecute drug lords or effective
politicians directly involved in drug trafficking is a risky task to undertake. Hundreds of murders of Mexican and American drug-enforcement
agents, governors, mayors, clergy, citizens, legal professionals, judges, and
journalists who have tried were assassinated.












The improvement of
narco-capitalism in Mexico depended on the enforcement of the prohibition on
both aspects of the border. Drug manufacturing and smuggling under the
dangerous conditions of illegality creates hugely inflated costs for drugs. A
Mexican farmer is paid approximately thirty-six dollars for a pound of
marijuana. Within the United States of America, a pound of pot can be sold for
700 dollars. For outlaw capitalists, illicit drugs are profitable
commodities which have properly-established domestic and worldwide markets.

This guarantees that drug cartels will count on numerous dangers to supply
customers. The narco economic system has a multiplier impact in the large
variety of different jobs it creates indirectly. The transportation,
protection, communication, and banking industries all provide the unlawful drug
exchange. Drug profits are invested in and have transformed rural villages from
illiterate backwaters to modern towns with Wi-Fi cafes and extravagant

The “Mexico Peace Index,” launched
through the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), calculates the financial
effect of violence in Mexico at around $154 billion (2.12 trillion pesos) in
2015.That figure is equivalent to 19 percent of Mexico’s Gross Domestic Product
(GDP) — although it is down 38 percent from 2011, whilst drug-fueled violence
was at its peak, and the value of violence became calculated at C$213 billion
(2.92 trillion pesos). The IEP calculated those numbers by using estimating the
cost of crimes including murder, violent crime along with assault and robbery,
in addition to organized crime, and violence containment by the government. It
then included “direct costs” such as medical treatment;
“indirect costs” such as lost productivity; and the “multiplier
effect,” which describes “flow-on effects” of violence on an

The United Nations and several NGOs are
noticeably involved within the popular matters of illicit drugs. which will
combat drug wars and other drug-associated issues, the United Nations created
the United Nations office on drugs and Crime (UNODC) in 1997. The goal of the
UNODC is to fight illicit drugs and crimes all through the global community.

The UNODC has created numerous bodies and conventions that focus on more specific
problems associated with drugs and crime. The Commission on Narcotic Drugs
(CND) acts as a forum for nations to work collectively to create drug
guidelines within nations that would help end drug wars. The UN Convention
against Corruption (UNCAC) works to stop corruption inside the government and
in police forces. within the popular meeting resolution 55/25 in 2000, the UN
set up a convention known as the United Nations convention towards
Transnational Organized Crime. the focal point of this convention is to help
countries avoid drug-related organized crime which includes money laundering
and violence. The general assembly has additionally created, in 2010,
resolution 64/182 which specializes in solutions to end drug trafficking
throughout borders. several NGOs involved in this issue encompass EU Coalition
for just and effective Drug rules (ENCOD) and the South Caucasus office on
drugs and Crime (SCODC). ENCOD’s purpose is to train European nations about the
worldwide drug battle and its effects. The SCODC makes a specialty of ending
violence that results from organized crime.



with impunity the cartels do as they please, with no overall control and
consequence, the Mexican government has almost no strong foothold in their own
state. Advanced collaboration among US and Mexican intelligence and protection
services has resulted in several high-profile arrests and drug busts.

officers say 25 of the 37 drug traffickers on Calderón’s most wanted listing
were jailed, extradited to America or killed, despite the fact that not all of
those actions had been independently corroborated. greater than 110,000 tonnes
of cocaine was decommissioned and almost 180,000 hectares (444,790 acres) of
marijuana and poppies destroyed during Calderón’s term. The largest victory,
underneath Peña Nieto’s management, turned into the recapture, escape and
another recapture of Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán, kingpin of the Sinaloa
cartel. The crackdown and seizing of kingpins have gained praise from the
media and US, but it has performed little to reduce the violence or establish
the rule of law. Yet the cartels continue to produce
and traffic illicit drugs across the border. The Mexican drug war is a prime
example of how non-state actors effect, challenge and destroy the state and the
state sovereignty, damage economy, culture, politics and the future


Fundamentally, the economic, technological, cultural,
social and political effects of globalization have greatly
changed and increased the operational capabilities of violent non-state
actors. Majorly, their ability to use violence and force far away from
their locational base. In turn, violent non-state actors’ increased power
over the country and the government has allowed them to act in such a way as to
challenge the current international political and legal system. Lately, as it
revolves around the use of force by sovereign states despite the fact
that force is increasingly being used by violent non-state actors. During the
absence of institutional rules and procedures providing states with solutions
and ways to confront the threats posed by violent non-state actors states that
are effective have reacted and will continue to react to violent non-state
actors through the use of unilateral force, with major negative problems for
the international system to deal with.










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