How many of you are renting an apartment? Do you
love the place you live? Well, imagine that the landlord told you that his wife
needed to move in, and you have to get out of the apartment in a month. This is a reason that is legally
acceptable to evict tenants. However, the wife never moved in; instead, the landlord listed your unit on
Airbnb at an average of $80 per night more than you would be paying. You are forced out of a place you loved, and with
an old dog you have, it is incredibly difficult for you to find a new home within a short period. What if I told you
that you are not alone, that you are just one of many tenants who have been illegally evicted from apartments,
which were then rented out on Airbnb? What would you do? Do you wish there
would be more regulations on Airbnb, so the rights of long-term tenants like
you can be protected?

 Thesis and
Preview: Today I’d like to tell you
about
why cities should ban Airbnb. I will discuss first, the safety concerns for travellers, second, how Airbnb has a negative effect on the home values and local neighborhoods, and finally, how the cities’
economy and house market are affected by Airbnb.

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I.                  
Body

Transition into the body of speech:

I’ll begin by telling you about the safety concerns
of Airbnb as a guest.

We all have the experiences of cancelling hotels because
of change of plans, and we know that hotels cannot cancel our bookings. However, Airbnb hosts can cancel your
reservation last minute. There was an incident happened earlier this year; I am
sure you have all heard the news on radio or TV. A girl and her three friends
drove two hours in snowing winter weather to spend the weekend in Big Bear. When
they finally arrived near the place, she found that her Airbnb reservation was
cancelled by the host because she is Asian. Literally,
cancelled her reservation because of race.

Academic Source 1 Harvard Business School had
already published an article about digital discrimination back in 2014. (Edelman & Luca, 2014) They collected photos of
all New York City homeowners renting on Airbnb with their rental information and
prices. They found that for the equivalent room, non-black hosts charge about
12% more than black hosts.

Source 2 According to an article published on Fox News
Travel on August 25, 2015, a commercial security expert told us that because
Airbnb rentals are all private arranged, it is unreliable because of
lack of management such as 24-hour surveillance, quality control, and
compliance with laws and regulations to protect guests.
(Gaskell, 2015) Cities should come out to
have more rules on Airbnb to protect travellers.

Transition Not
only guests have to take the safety and security risk to stay at Airbnb
rentals, Airbnb hosts and their neighborhood
also have to sacrifice their privacy and safety. 

Of course, you
can make extra cash by hosting on Airbnb, but sometimes you might
end up losing more.  We have heard a lot about Airbnb guests damaging rental
properties or disturbing their neighbors.
The quality of neighborhoods fall from
negative factors caused by Airbnb, such as safety, noise, and the property
value decreases.  

Source 3 According to an article published on The Guardian Newspaper on September 18, 2016, even if you are not
the host but just a neighbor to an Airbnb listing, and if you have been in
disputes with Airbnb, when you try to sell your house, you must inform the
potential buyer that you have had disputes with Airbnb next to you.
If you do not do that, you can be held
for misrepresentation. It is your obligation to
let them know. (Williams,
2016)

As
a result, cities should ban Airbnb to protect our communities.

Transition Airbnb is not only
destroying local neighborhood home values but also has negative impacts on the
cities’ economy as well as the housing market.

First
of all, Airbnb is not paying enough hotel tax as a typical hotel does. For example, in New York City, the hotel room
occupancy tax is 5.875 percent. Source 4
In October 2014, the office of New York State Attorney General released a report that concluded that there was
around $33 million unpaid tax from short-term rentals on Airbnb. Few Airbnb
hosts appear to have filed the paperwork with the city, nor did Airbnb collect
any of the hotel taxes. (Schneiderman, 2014) The hotel tax revenue that cities lost from
Airbnb could have been invested in improving the essential quality of life for
its residents.

Secondly,
the long-term housing market has been
affected by Airbnb because of the professionalised,
more profitable short-term rentals.

Instead of selling houses, people are putting them on Airbnb
for short-term rentals, which causes lower vacancy rate. Source 5 According
to an article from The American Prospect Magazine published on October 19,
2015, a study by a legislative office in San Francisco concluded that Airbnb
alone has removed nearly a quarter of available vacant units form the housing
market. (Hill, 2015)
When
there is not enough housing on the market, housing prices go up, and rents go up too.

For
cities with a profound shortage of affordable housing like Los Angeles, we have
to ban Airbnb to stop the professionalised
short-term rentals.

II.               
Conclusion

Review of main
points: In conclusion, Airbnb is less safe
and secure as hotels for travellers.
Airbnb has caused issues in our local neighborhoods as well as the city’s economy and
housing market.

Closer: Airbnb
has destroyed communities in which we live and work. As a result of Airbnb, the
elderly, families, and low-income tenants are being pushed out from the city.
Cities must work together with residents
to regulate Airbnb, and keep our community as a safe place for families and
children.

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