Heart throbbing, body chilled, as an anxious glance is locked onto the doorway. Movement is futile as there is no way to actively pursue anything but the thought of that noise. The stomach dropping, horrendous, noise that could only have come from something unimaginably, wretchedly horrid. Bracing for the worst, frozen in space. This feeling is known as fear.
The possibility of something absolutely terrible coming into ones life. The unknown evil know only by means of pain, suffering, and sadness, fear. This is very undesirable and is actively avoided by most.
In both “1984” by George Orwell and “A Brave New World” by Aduxly Huxley total control is achieved by instilling fear into its citizens. Harnessing the fear and spreading it throughout the population will leave very little rebellious tendencies as fear tumbles even the strongest of wills. Each novels established governing groups reigning over the lower classes allowing for development of their population, thus expressing ideas of idealism. John Collins an Orwell scholar writes “The Alphas and Betas believe they have invented the perfect workforce – one that is happy well organised and above all incapable of asserting individual will against them” (Coughlin 2).
This uptopia is created by a means of fear. Fear from the lower classes to stay in their roles and aid in the greater picture and not look for more to their personal lives. Citizens are placed into roles and focusing on performing their tasks attributing the success to the society and keeping it running smooth. In order for this to be successful multiple forms of fear are implemented for the population to obtain ensuring there is no want for an uprising.
In George Orwell’s “1984” The upper party spearheaded by Big brother and the thought police placed fear in their citizens own individualism. Anything outside the individualism placed upon them that instills their roles in society is banned. Individual thought is dangerous. The inner party that runs the totalitarian society is quite small in comparison to the Middle Class and Proles. If a rebellious cause were to motivate the middle class and Proles an uprising would be quite easily achieved assuming that the majority of the lower classes agreed and completely discarded their previous knowledge given to them by the Upper Party.
The Upper Party is aware of this and in order to remain in power they have banned the individualism between a person and their minds. If everyone thinks the same it easy to control them. The Upper Party established a Policing system known as the “Thought Police”.
This group is in charge of ensuring everyone has their thoughts in check. If suspicions of personal thoughts are detected the individual is then captured and left to extreme forms of torture unknown to the public. The fear of this pure pain removes the intent to think on one’s own.
“People simply disappeared, always during the night. Your name was removed from the registers, every record of everything you had ever done was wiped out, your one-time existence was denied and then forgotten. You were abolished, annihilated: vaporized was the usual word” (Orwell 5). This clearly shows the serious intent the inner party creates on everyone following their rules. When Winston beings on his journey of singular thinking he is immediately faced with fear of capture. “The thing that he was about to do was to open a diary. This was not illegal (nothing was illegal, since there were no longer any laws), but if detected it was reasonably certain that it would be punished by death” (Orwell 8). Winston is presented with the strongest of will to defeat the inner party and bring freedom back.
With his extreme amount of courage he posses he too, is intimidated by the Inner Party. The inner party successfully ended all means of rebellion without extreme caution because being caught resulted in one being brutally tortured. “You asked me once,” said O’Brien, “what was in Room 101. I told you that you knew the answer already. Everyone knows it.
The thing that is in Room 101 is the worst thing in the world.”(Orwell 296). No one in the lower classes is aware of what in actuality in in room 101 but the fear of the unknown is the ultimate means of keeping their entire population in check. In Aldous Huxley’s “Brave New World” The highest of the governing party keeps all individuals in their roles by implementing fear of breaking their role in society. The fear attributed into their population is done in a subtle manner and one may not even be aware of fear controlling the majority of the population.
The population in London and all around the world have all been scientifically made for their specific role. The world in which they all live is perfect. Everything they do is designed specifically for them.
There is no hardships, no sickness, no pain. They live their life to the fullest of their abilities while experiencing life to the fullest. With all this greatness in life, why would anyone want to lose this? This is where the fear comes in. “People simply weren’t transferred for things like that. Iceland was just a threat” (Huxley 91).
When a forced exit of the utopia was proposed to Bernard regarding his sub par work it creates a sense of worry. Bernard Marx is aware of the threat possibility of being hollow the thought still frightens him. If anyone acts as out of place they are taken from the utopia. The fear of being something that they weren’t supposed to be will take them out of perfection.
This is how society is controlled. No one wants to leave so they all do what they can. This isn’t usually a problem as all inhabitants of the utopia of earth year 2540 C.E. There are cases where a mistake during the incubation phase of a person is made and they do not fully mesh with society perfectly. They say somebody made a mistake when he was still in the bottle–thought he was a Gamma and put alcohol into his blood-surrogate. That’s why he’s so stunted” (Huxley 44). Bernard Marx a character who possibly wasn’t fully developed leaving slight question in his ability to achieve his role in society.
In this case many will do their best to adapt and take on their roles as Bernard Marx attempts to do. This is a very effective but deceiving method of using fear to control their population. The fear is not prominent but hidden. Instead of using a brute force and intimidation they use the amazing lifestyle that everyone is placed in.
The negligence of social status and awareness allows for limited jealous and need for something more. Any person that test this utopia are met with the reality of being taken from a perfect place and moved somewhere not as ideal. In George Orwell’s “1984” The inner party produces a fear of love in the citizens of Oceania. Love, family, caring all don’t exist in the created society.
To love someone or a group of people i.e. family means to put them before Big Brother.
Stressing importance on others and creating bonds that could form into alliances against Big Brother. The inner party uses intimidation to keep all citizens in line. This includes those who are involved in sex, sex in oceania is used strictly for reproduction. “The only recognized purpose of marriage was to beget children for the service of the Party” (Orwell 69). By removing the romantic aspects of sexual relations and prohibiting the showing of affection towards others the population acts without feelings. Everything is done with the sole purpose of furthering oceania and everything else in unacceptable. The inner party rules with an iron fist. Thue have killed all romantic feelings in all parties in the middle class.
The Proles in this case do not apply based on the fact that they lack proper teachings and would be incapable of having bands that would be of a threat to the safety of the inner party. “proles, if only they could somehow become conscious of their own strength, would have no need to conspire” (Orwell 84). In the situation where winston and julia have relations in the woods i is not for love. Intimacy is so far gone from the minds of the citizens.”The only recognized purpose of marriage was to beget children for the service of the Party” (Orwell 293). In the event where Winston and Julia share sexual relation in the woods a deep connection is made, the ones Big Brother has banned. “He thought of her naked, youthful body, as he had seen it in his dream.” (Orwell 131).
This share of intimacy and companionship between them was eventually found and destroyed in the ministry of love. “Do it to Julia! Do it to Julia! Not me! Julia! I don’t care what you do to her. Tear her face off, strip her to the bones” (Orwell 300). Any reminiscents of love towards another person that aren’t Big Brother is destroyed leaving the victims in a sense of emptiness. The control of big brother has such a strong magnitude it has resulted in the complete rewiring of their thoughts. Being scared of punishment has caused a loss of humanity. Parents no longer love their children and children no longer love their parents. “child hero’ was the phrase generally used — had overheard some compromising remark and denounced its parents to the Thought Police” (Orwell 27).
The relationship between children and parents are some of the strongest bonds that one make in their ,lifetime. A bond of pure love, that shapes the children into better versions of the parents themselves. The inner party was aware of this instilled a sense of fear into parents.
To remove the feelings of love towards their kids the inner party turned all children inot spies. They brainwash and manipulate children into turning against their parents if they feel they are doing something against big brother. This destroys the family system and takes all the trust out of the picture leaving a household without love. In Aldous Huxley’s “A Brave New World” to ensure love doesn’t manipulate the minds of their citizens changing the dynamic of society in favour of settling down they highlight the ugliness of loving relationships in programing their citizens.
The ugliest is contrasted by the utopia in which they live. This ugliest dentures them from living this lifestyle for fear of what they could become. Everyone in London is perfect. Hey have all been created with perfect genes and blossomed into perfect humans. Being in love kills this perfect. It leaves the world as it was before with cross breeding leading to a much slower and less perfect means of reproduction. One egg, one embryo, one adult-normality”.
But a bokanovskified egg will bud, will proliferate, will divide. From eight to ninety-six buds, and every bud will grow into a perfectly formed embryo, and every embryo into a full-sized adult. Making ninety-six human beings grow where only one grew before. (Huxley 11) Removing this would result in their cookie cutter society to be ruined.
Earth would return to its scrambled mess before that favoured power, money and status. To keep balance babies are no longer born from the mother but instead a test tube. Removing the parent from the babies life will release it from the “curse” humanity faces. No longer will love and emotion burden the lives of anyone. The feeling of love is futile, irrelevant, stupid. What come with love is even worse. Pregnancy leaves the female in a fattened state as the baby inside them is born.
Through various means of prgaming in the inds of the citizens this is seen as a grotesk state in which to be. “Just think of it: me, a Beta–having a baby: put yourself in my place” (Huxley 104). This quotation highlights the personal disgust Fanny places on herself due to her pregnancy. Along with highlighting the appealing aspects of love and what it becomes and how againg destroys the body, they share the amazing benefits of their current state. Monogamous relationship have been ditched and casual sex with everyone is seen as the new norm. “Family, monogamy, romance. Everywhere exclusiveness, a narrow channelling of impulse and energy.
But every one belongs to every one else, he concluded” (Huxley 39). Having everybody is way better than wasting time with one person. “Oh, my dear, my dear.” The torrent of words flowed sobbingly. “If you knew how glad–after all these years! A civilized face” (Huxley 104). Being faced with pregnancy is the worst thing that could happen to someone. With various abortion clinics available, many can escape this terrible reality.
“My father! The laughter, which had shown signs of dying away, broke out again more loudly than ever. He put his hands over his ears and rushed out of the room” (Huxley 131). Love and relations will leave you an outcast. Perfect body being misshapen and ruining one’s chance at a fun life. The fear of this has killed love. In George Orwell’s “1984” THe inner party creates a fear of the past in the eyes of its citizens to keep them at bay with life as it is. This allows for big brother to control and worsen the lives of all citizens without question from them.
There is very limited knowledge of the past available to the public. As soon as Winston had dealt with each of the messages, he clipped his speakwritten corrections to the appropriate copy of The Times and pushed them into the pneumatic tube. Then, with a movement which was as nearly as possible unconscious, he crumpled up the original message and any notes that he himself had made, and dropped them into the memory hole to be devoured by the flames. (Orwell 43)With no knowledge of how things were before there is no reason to try and change the way things are. Blind followers are what remain. Doublethink was created as a way to hold everyone in this unknown. Whole documents in the Records Department are being destroyed the only truth us what is being supplied from the telescreens promptly placed around oceania.
“Every record has been destroyed or falsified, every book has been rewritten, every picture has been repainted, every statue and street and building has been renamed, and every date has been altered” (Orwell 155). With a lack of remainants from the past no proof beyond word of mouth can differ opinions, and whose word is more prominent, powerful and reasonable than Big Brother’s? This allows for the inner party to propose propaganda as the main source of knowledge for the public. This leads the unknowing public into the perfect balance of a society. Nothing will ever get better but also will not get much worse. “no reduction of the chocolate ration during 1984. Actually, as Winston was aware, the chocolate ration was to be reduced from thirty grammes to twenty at the end of the present week” (Orwell 41). Falsely informed by Big Brother on how he saved them gives content to the lifestyle presented.
Thought, it is not ideal in any form it appears to be much better than it had been before anyone was saved. False wars creates a sense of fear in citizens. It acts as a reminder of how things are bad. Big Brother saved them from an even worse time so the past must have been terrible. This feeds the population with an irrational fear of the past.
Sacred of how life might be if big brother were t falla nd life would go back to how it was they blindly follow all commands and hold onto them like they are law. This destruction of all the past gives unlimited power of the lower classes. Anyone who attempts to question the past is quickly reverted by means of manipulation and fed with falsities creating a fear of something completely untrue yet, true. In Aldous Huxley’s “A Brave New World” by numbing the pain experienced in daily life the past and pain it brings scares the population away from reverting to old ways.
This is highlighted in the visit to the Savage reserve. Upon entrance Lenina who represents the average human is immediately disgusted. “I don’t like it,” said Lenina. “I don’t like it” (Huxley 95). This reality is for from the one presented to her from birth. This was of life is foreign and quite appealing.
Why would one want this? There is no reason to want the past. Innovation saved the population. This innovation has made it impossible to re enter into old ways. By conditioning the population to live in the present way of life there is no possible return.”I remember how it used to upset me, all that dirt, and nothing being aseptic” (Huxley 104). Living in the past is the ultimate torture. “The dirt, to start with, the piles of rubbish, the dust, the dogs, the flies. Her face wrinkled up into a grimace of disgust” (Huxley 97).
Readaption to the past would be quite literally impossible. The thought can drive most to a dark place, where living doesn’t seem like an option. The change that has occured makes the two ways of living incompatible for coexistence. “Mr. Savage! Slowly, very slowly, like two unhurried compass needles, the feet turned towards the right; north, north-east” (Huxley 220). No matter what one does they cannot escape the new way of life unless they choose death.
This reality is hard to swallow. The fear this would bring has a magnitude and would most likely cause a panic. That is why they choose to leave the savage gardens hidden and only accessible to very few intellectuals. This ensures that the pandominum does not ensue. Fully unleashing this fear onto the public would be too much to handle. With this in mind this truth was hidden and any information shared on the public was in small easily digestible tidbits. By highlighting the worst they can calmly keep all the population intact mentally, while still imposing their will.
Nothing is more frightening than reliving the worst times. Though fear does society run. In both “1984” by George Orwell and “A Brave New World” by Aduxly Huxley total control is achieved by instilling fear into its citizens. Collins upon examination of a Brave new world states “Brave New World to inspire fear” (Coughlin 5) when speaking of the goals of the society.
Whether ruling by sheer ruthless fear or by means of ghastly reminders leaving uneasy feelings both successfully leave their utopia in perfect harmony. The paradox of fear is harmony is prominent in both scenarios. War is Peace. History is Bunk. Fear is Harmony. Of course these are just stories.
There’s no fear controlling humanity today, that’s preposterous. Isn’t it?