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google.com/palmbeachschools.org/hamletjournalAct1- Journal                Hamlet                   I was struck by the awful news that my father has passed away. If this wasn’t bad enough I find out that my mother has identified someone else to take my father’s place. Then I learn that the uncle, that I HATE, Cornelius, is now my step-father and has claimed the throne and my mother. And, to top it off, my mother and everyone else in my town seem to be over my father’s death.

I am seeing the kingdom decay in front on my own eyes with my Uncle as king and I am also realizing how corrupt my uncle really is for doing all of this.         Horatio told me that there was a ghost spotted that kind of looks like my father. As soon as I heard that it looks like him I wanted to see it in front of my own eyes. So the next night Horatio, Marcellus, and I go to see the ghost. When the Ghost arrived he only wanted to talk to me. But Horatio and Marcellus kept trying to tell me to no go with the ghost because it might be dangerous. But, I didn’t take their advice and I went with the ghost anyway. The ghost told me that it was murdered by its brother and it wants me to avenge it.

I was left to question what is right from wrong and to decide should if I should get revenge on my Step-dad. After this encounter I told Horatio and Marcellus that they must not speak of this! And, I told Horatio that I might go Insane. I questioned what is appearance and what is reality because I thought that my dad died but apparently he was murdered. This leaves me with the choice of sanity or insanity.  If I choose sanity then I will let my awful Uncle keep the throne and my mother. And, If I choose insanity than I will avenge my father. Act 1- Analyzing the Text Questions What does Hamlet’s first soliloquy reveal about his state of mind?  What is the source of his discontent?At this time Hamlet is feeling suicidal.

 This is because he’s lost a sense of innocence and purity because of his father’s death. Also, he is upset his father isn’t being mourned as he feels that his father should be.2.

What do we learn from the Ghost in Act I?  How does Hamlet respond to the Ghost’s instructions?  What does he mean by saying, “O my prophetic soul!” ?  How does the Ghost’s diction and imagery support the theme of Decay and Corruption?We learn that Hamlet’s father’s death was a murder. Hamlet responds to the ghost’s instructions by agreeing to avenge his father. When Hamlet says “O my prophetic soul!”, he is really saying I knew it!. This is the moment when Hamlet realizes that he is correct and his uncle is evil and murdered his father. The Ghost’s diction and imagery supports the theme of Decay and Corruption because without the Ghost giving such vivid pictures for the audience to imagine, we would not understand the true rate at which the kingdom is Decaying and how corrupt Hamlet’s uncle really is.

3. Why do you think Hamlet tells his companions he likely to put on an “antic disposition” ?  Is his behavior a deliberate strategy or a natural reaction to his anger and grief?  Explain.Hamlet used a antic disposition to show his anger without being judged by everyone. His behavior is a deliberate strategy. This is because everything that he does is purposeful. His plan to avenge his father is his choice so therefore is deliberate.

Act 11- JournalPolonius              My son is not trusted and must be watched. Due to this I am sending spies back to school  with him to make sure that he is behaving correctly. My son could be gambling or even be engaging in prostitution! The ambassadors of Norway are here and want to know if they can cross through our land to attack another kingdom, not ours. I don’t think that this is such a bad idea to be honest. This is because it would avoid them attacking our  kingdom instead. Hamlet is in love with my daughter and I am sick of it.

Hamlet is not the kind of person that I want my daughter around. He is psychotic and untrustworthy. Also I think that the reason why Hamlet is acting weird is because I made my daughter break up with him. This would explain all of his unexplainable behaviors. Then I went to see the queen and king to show them a note in which Hamlet says that he loves my daughter. After this I try to explain to them that Hamlet is acting like this because he misses being with his daughter. The King, Queen and I put together a plan to prove that I am correct, which I am! Hamlet often walks down this hallway and we will send Ophelia down there to talk to him and he will reveal his feelings.I don’t know why Hamlet had those actors perform that awful monologue, It was unnecessary and super boring .

Act 11 Analyzing the Text Questions Compare the way Hamlet responds to Polonius in act II with how he responds to his friends Rosencrantz and Guildenstern .  What do you learn about Hamlet from these responses?Hamlet reacts to them very differently. This is because to Polonius, Hamlet is very strange and not all there. He acts like someone who is low class. When Hamlet is with his friends Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, he acts very high class and acts normal.

From this we learn that he is playing us. This shows the theme of Appearance vs. Reality. This is because Hamlet appears to be one way but with a flip of a switch he is a completely different person.

2.  Hamlet delivers a lengthy explanation to Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, ending with a rhetorical question.  What is the substance of his speech?  How does the imagery that Hamlet uses transition his speech from an assessment of himself to that of humanity as a wholeThis is done to show the inner most thoughts of the character. Also, this is done to show how much Hamlet is hurting because of the death of his father. This imagery helps make the point that Hamlet is is a very dark place. He does not find joy in the world anymore.

This is because all that he thinks about is the death of his father. His all he does is mourned that he will never get over it.Act 111- JournalOphelia              I was asked by my father and the king to talk to hamlet as they spy on him. So just like that I did what they said and started to talk to Hamlet. The reason that they are doing this is to find out the reason for the way that he is acting. To see if he is madly in love or is there something else on his mind that is causing him to act like this.

Before my father and the king hid to spy I was given a fake book to read. Then Hamlet gave this whole long speech saying that he should just kill himself. Finally, he comes over to me and I tell him that I have some gifts that you gave to me that I am going to give you back now.

He kept trying to tell me that he did not give me anything but I kept telling him that he did. Then Hamlet asked me if I was a virgin, for some reason. Then he told me that he loved me once but not anymore! Then hamlet asked where my father is and I tell him that he is at home. Then Hamlet freaked out. There is definitely something wrong with him! After that Hamlet tells me that because I put makeup on myself it makes me look like a prostitute. After that he left and my father and the King came out of hiding and said that they were going to send him to England.

Act 111- Analyzing the Text Questions In act III, Hamlet delivers his famous “To be, or not to be” speech, arguably the most recognized passage in English literature.  What is he contemplating?  What inner conflict is he pondering?  What conclusions does he reach?Hamlet is talking about killing himself. To be or not to be means to be alive or not to be alive. The reason that he is contemplating this is because of all of the hardship that he is going through in his life. For example, the death of his father, his love with Ophelia, and avenging his father. He decides that he will not take his life and fulfill his quest to avenge his father.2.

Claudius’ aside in act III is the first definitive evidence of his guilt.  Structurally, why do you think this revelation takes place halfway through the play as opposed to earlier?  No quote needed for this one.I think that the reason why the author would arrange the play in a way where Claudius does not show guilt until the midpoint is to keep the audience guessing.

By doing this we don’t know if the ghost was telling the truth and Claudius is the murderer. Because of this is audience is left in suspense. If Claudius showed guilt in the beginning we would know that he was the murder and the play would not be as interesting.3. In act III Hamlet has a perfect opportunity to kill his uncle and avenge his murdered father.  Instead, he hesitates.  Why?  Do you think we are meant to respect the king’s piety or despise his cowardice?Hamlet does not kill his uncle because he is praying.

If Hamlet killed him while he was praying he would go to heaven, but Hamlet wanted him to suffer so he would wait until the right time. We are meant to question why he is so foolish and why he does not want to give up the crown.Act IV-JournalClaudius          I was talking with Rosencrantz and Guildenstern but then Gertrude came in so I sent them to out so that we could talk. She told me where Hamlet was and how mad out of his mind he was. Then I told her that this is the perfect time to send him to England.

Then I tell Rosencrantz and Guildenstern to come back in and go out to find Hamlet. I was busy telling a group of people that I have handled the situation and that I am sending Hamlet off to England. Then Rosencrantz comes in and tells me that Hamlet will not say where the body is. I call Hamlet in to tell me where the body is located. He tells me that Polonius is out to dinner. Hamlet keeps telling me things that do not make sense.

Finally, I send Hamlet off to England. I am so excited for him to leave as this will be the death of him. Later I walk in on Gertrude trying to talk to Ophelia about her father’s death. But, Ophelia said some rude things about me and then starts to sing about sex. Afterward, Laertes comes back and wants to see his father but I tell him that he is dead.

He says that he wants to get revenge on the killer. Then I get a letter that says that Hamlet is returning from England. Since Laertes wants revenge, and he is a good fencer, I told him that he will fence in a duo with Hamlet but his sword with have poison on it and he will kill Hamlet. Then I get the news that Ophelia has drowned herself which makes Laertes even more willing to get his revenge.Act IV- Analyzing the Text Questions Act Four, Scenes 1-21.  In Scene 1, Claudius seems to be incredibly grieved that Hamlet is being sent away.

 Before you determine if he truly is and why (the real point of the question), re-read the monologue in Act Three, Scene Three in which Claudius starts to pray and determine if you think he is remorseful (yes, you already answered that question…this is context building here).

 Then, go back to Act Four, Scene One and look at Claudius’s lines.  What are the real emotions, in your opinion?  What lines will prove your point?  How do they prove your point?  Claudius is faking his emotions by saying that hamlet is sick and he he is being sent away. He want to appear as a good and supportive stepfather and king.

Also, Claudius does not want Hamlet to interfere with his overall goal of keeping the throne and remaining as king.2.  Word play part 2 happens in Act Four, Scene Two.  List at least three examples of where Hamlet is using wordplay to mess with Rosencrantz and Guildenstern.  First, given the literal interpretation (yes, you can use the modernized to help you).  Then, look for how he is using double meaning, puns, or inverted word order to mess with their brains.

 The first example of this is “That I’d take your advice rather than keep my own secret. Besides, you’re a sponge! What is the son of a king supposed to say to a sponge?” Hamlet explains this as” Yes, sir, a sponge that soaks up the king’s approval, his rewards, and his decisions. Officers like that give the king the best service in the end. He keeps them in his mouth like an ape. First he moves them around, then he swallows them. When he needs what you have found out, he can just squeeze you like a sponge and you’ll be dry “again. Hamlet uses this language to tell them that they are being used by the king to get information out out him.

This is achieved by Hamlet using sarcasm toward Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. Another example of this is when Hamlet says that polonius is “At dinner”. Hamlet explains this by saying “Not where he’s eating, but where he’s being eaten. A certain conference of worms is chowing down on him. Worms are the emperor of all diets.

We fatten up all creatures to feed ourselves, and we fatten ourselves for the worms to eat when we’re dead. A fat king and a skinny beggar are just two dishes at the same meal. That’s all I have to say.” This means that Hamlet is making fun of polonius’ dead body. And playing around with them by not telling them where the body’s located at. The last example of this is when Hamlet says”In heaven.

Send a messager there if you want to be sure. If your messenger can’t find him, you can check hell yourself. But seriously, if you don’t find him within the next month, you’ll be sure to smell him as you go upstairs into the main hall.” When Hamlet says that Claudius could look for the body in hell. This implies that Claudius would go to hell as well. Hamlets also says that he could find the body rotting in the hallway when it starts to smell.Act Four, Scenes 3-41.  In your opinion, why does this scene open with Fortinbras coming on stage?  What are the thematic, characterization, and conflict points that Shakespeare is making by having him at the port as Hamlet is preparing to leave Denmark (and supposedly go to his death)?When Fortinbras comes into he the scene Hamlet has a goal of committing the murder.

This reminds us of the quest that Hamlet is on to avenge his father. Also, Fortinbras has fulfilled his quest but Hamlet has not. This is also going back to Hamlet’s soliloquy and the final soliloquy where he talks about how he is going to go through with the avenging of his father.

2.  Starting at line 30 of Scene 4, Hamlet makes an extended soliloquy.  Again, context, he is leaving his home, everything.  What is the purpose of this speech? In your opinion, how should the audience be responding or feeling for Hamlet through this speech?  Are you sympathetic for him?  Why/why not?  What lines prove your points? Hamlet does not care if he is leaving everything behind all he cares about is fulfilling his goal abs avenging his father. The audience should feel sad for Hamlet and all that he is going through. He must leave everything to fulfill a mission.

I receive his emotion as vengeful, mad, and angry. I do feel sympathy for him because he is going through all of this hardship. The lines that explain this are line 31-32 where Hamlet says “How all occasions do inform against me, And spur my dull revenge!”.Act Four, Scenes 4-71.  Up to this point, we have always analyzed Hamlet for his possible madness.  And then, we have Act Four, Scene Five in which we see Ophelia enter.  Compare and contrast Ophelia against Hamlet in Acts Two through Four, Scene Three.

 Given that Ophelia has genuinely gone insane due to grief, re-analyze Hamlet’s actions and speech and re-assess whether or not you think he is truly “mad.”  Why/why not?  What lines from both Act Four, Scene Five and earlier lines (cite)prove your points?  Be sure to show your analysis.Both of them have gone insane, by hamlet pretending to be mad this make Ophelia go mad. The irony leads to the difference between the two of them. Hamlet is not really crazy but Ophelia really is and this eventually leads to Ophelia killing  herself. Hamlet is not truly mad because all of the things that he is doing are planned out and he is just acting in a certain way. Ophelia sings “How should I your true love know From another one? By his cockle hat and staff, And his sandal shoon.

” (act 4 scene 5 line 22-23) It is very weird that she is singing this. Hamlet is not a musical so the fact that she is singing means she is insane. Also, then the queen tries to talk to her but all that she says is “Say you? Nay, pray you, mark.” (act 4 scene 5 line 24) and then goes back to singing. Before she is crazy she talks about how her and Hamlet are in love.

She says “My lord, he hath importuned me with love In honorable fashion.” (Act 1 Scene 3 line 110). This shows that she is actually was sane at one point but at the end she is not.2.

 Compare and contrast Hamlet and Laertes in terms of sons, their relationships to their biological fathers, and their sense of duty and honor.  In your honest opinions, which man is a better son?  Why?  Then, reflect on what Shakespeare is suggesting in terms of the importance of the father-son relationship.Hamlet and Laertes are similar in a way that they both care immensely about their fathers. For example, both Hamlet and Laertes went to great depths to avenge their fathers and took it upon themselves as their duties .

Some ways in which they are different is that Hamlet was really close with his father, when Laertes thought that he was but his father did not trust him. In my opinion Hamlet is a better son because he would not stop for anything and would not let anything stand in his way before he avenged his father. Hamlet also takes his time throughout the process of doing so, he makes sure that the ghost was correct and that he did so in the most effective manner. On the other hand Laertes just wants to get the dead done with and kill Hamlet. For example, When Laertes is talking to the king all he wants to do is kill hamlet but the king tells his that he must wait. I think that Shakespeare was trying to tell his audience that there is such a strong bond between fathers and their sons that nothing can come between. He also says this because the bond is so strong that sons and fathers will not stop at anything until it is set right.Act V- Journal Laertes               I was talking to the Priest about how my sister deserves a better funeral than this.

But he told me that she should not even be getting a funeral like this because she died evilly. I was so angry and sad that I jumped into the grave with my sister and was like bury me now. But then Hamlet had to be all annoying and try to one up me so he also jumped into the grave as well. This got me so heated that we both started a fist fight with each other.

Hamlet tells me how he loved my sister so much and I was probably about to kill him by the king told me to hold off for our plan and kill him then. Later the fight starts and I am so ready to kill Hamlet already. Hamlet got the first hit on me. Then the King tries to get Hamlet to drink from the poisoned cup but he refused. I was hit one more time, but then the Queen drank from the cup and passed out onto the floor. Then I stabbed Hamlet with the poisoned sword! It was an amazing feeling of relief. But, then Hamlet took the sword out my hand and stabbed me with the sword. I revealed that the sword was poisoned and that Hamlet and myself will die soon.

I also said that all of this was the King’s idea. Before I died, I asked Hamlet to forgive me, which he did. And just like that it was over!Act V-  Analyzing the Text Questions 1. How does Laertes respond to his father’s death?  to Ophelia’s?  How do his responses compare to Hamlet’s reaction to the death of Hamlet, Sr.?Laertes responds to the death of his father and his sister with sadness. He feels like a piece of himself is missing and that he can’t go on without them. This is the same way that Hamlet feels when he learns that his father dies. They both suffered and did not want to go on without their loved ones.

Due to this they both Hamlet and Laertes try to avenge their family members.2. Hamlet seems preoccupied with death for much of the play;  what new insight does the graveyard scene reveal regarding his attitude toward mortality?  Toward life, fame, and accomplishment?  How does this attitude connect to his central conflict in the play?Hamlet starts to become okay with dying and starts to come to terms with what happens to you when you pass away. Hamlet also realizes that death is unavoidable and and that it is coming. So he comes to terms with the concept of dying and starts to prepare himself for it.

3. Why does Hamlet give his dying support to Fortinbras?Hamlet does so because he is technically King for a few minutes. In this time he knows that he is about to die so he must pass the throne on to someone that he trusts. Hamlet watched Fortinbras lead his army  to Poland.

Hamlet also recognized  Fortinbras was passionate because he was willing to fight 20000 troops over a small piece of land for no real reason. In this process Hamlet saw that he was a good leader and someone who was passionate. Because of this Hamlet passes the throne to Fortinbras to ensure a good future for his kingdom.


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