Gender comes from the Modern English word gender comes fromthe Middle English gender and from the Modern French genre (type, kind, genre sexuel).

The first edition of the OxfordEnglish Dictionary (OED1, Volume 4, 1990) notes the original meaning of genreas “kind” had already become obsolete. Gender— the people associate with maleor female. Gender refers to any social roles, behaviors, intellectual, emotionaland social characteristics attributed by a given culture to women and men. We definegender on how we dress, how we act and style our hair. Years have passed, there is no clear definition about thedifference between sex and gender. Sex is a biological term. We use it mostoften to refer to the act of mating between two organisms, while gender alldifferences besides the strictly biological.

Furthermore, gender changes overtime, sex define as a born male and female. But when people learn how to act inmasculine and or feminine ways called gender. Behavior expectations for males and females define as genderroles. In the Philippines 40-60 percent of women participate in social productionor in agricultural works and constitute 40 percent of the work force in allsectors.  But they found various studies theirfamilies and their communities often view such work as supplementary andsecondary to the main task of childrearing and housekeeping even the income theyhave greater salary than that of the men in the families. Many Filipino men, occasionallyand voluntary lend their hands in children or with the housekeeping, women viewedit as bonus. In the Philippines, women are said to rule the household and menare viewed as the main providers of the family.

In Industry, Politics, and other Social Institutions genderinequality within the home  is extendedto gender subordination. Apart from providing the structural of unequal genderrelations, the household is bind  in theproduction of gender ideology. In the household system  children are imparted to the values that legitimize  existing social order.

Such as values individualism,respect and obedience to authority that blurred the collective character and resolve the social problems and accept  the ideology of masculinity and femininitythat bear male superiority and female subordination. Family household ismale-dominated and the continuance of existing gender relation and class inboth structural and ideological sense.   


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