of its concerns over escalation of tensions in its vital strategic vicinity. India’s positive role in the newly formed Indian Ocean Rim
Community also underlines its desire to evolve a cooperative framework of
relations among the littoral countries of the Indian Ocean
without undue interference of outside powers.

India’s demand for oil supplies is slated to grow very steeply
in the coming decades. Till such time that Central Asian vast reserves are
fully exploited, the Persian Gulf which is currently accounting for 60 per cent of world’s
energy resources, would hold the key to global energy security. The potential
of the South China Sea remains as yet largely untapped. West Asia and
the Persian Gulf in particular would thus continue to remain a region of
great strategic concern for all major powers, including some of the erstwhile
self-sufficient countries like Russia, China and Indonesia whose reserves are getting fast depleted. Given India’s strategic location to the area, India’s has abiding interests in long-term stability and peace
in the area because any potential destabilisation or conflict would lead to
insecurity in India’s strategic neighbourhood

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It is
clear from the foregoing that India has to resolutely address itself to the
emerging set of challenges and opportunites in the changed world order in a
coordinated and comprehensive framework of paramount importance would be its
ability to project its (long-term strategic perspectives and interests in
responding to the interplay of domestic imperatives, regional balance of forces
and global dynamics in the coming decades. The overarching reality of India as a large independent nation which is destined to play an
important role on the global stage would undoubtedly prevail over the present
difficulties and obstacles. The need for India to come to grips with the complexities of the rapidly
changing configuration of forces at the domestic, regional and global levels,
however, remains self-evident. India’s long-term strategic perspectives would have to show
greater dynamism and flexibility in responding to the increasingly complex
demands of national security, regional aspirations and global commitments. This
would at the least call for clearly defining India’s security interests and evolving a coherent and
multi-layered framework of its security policy and perspectives. In the final
analysis, India’s own strengths and capabilities–political, economic and
military–would alone add substance to India’s future projections as a power of some consequence in the
emerging global order.



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