from airports without prior notification to airport and air trafficcontrol. No approval is needed from the FAA to fly your drone under the SpecialRule for Model Aircraft, but drone operator must always fly safely.
Drone useris required to register their aircraft if it weighs between 0.55 lbs. and up to55 lbs. The cost of registration is $5 for three years.
Drone owners mustprovide their full name, physical and mailing addresses, and an email address. Surprisingly,the age requirement to register is only 13-years-old. Drone owner also have theoption to register their drone to help in the recovery of lost equipment. Nospecific location has been designated for flying drone beside the 5 milesradius of airport and the maximum 400 feet in height rules.
Overall, civilian canfly their drone under a few restrictions. Federal lawmakers have suggestedseveral bills to fix the problem with current federal drone legislation.Similarly, state lawmakers are trying to address the privacy concerns byencouraging legislation directly targeting civilians and commercial droneoperators from using their drones illegally (Cash 2016, 698). However, the FAA faces difficulty when theytry to design rules that are not too broad or too narrow.
They had to analyzehow the new regulations apply to new and current aircraft to ensure that thedefinition is broad enough to target all forms of drone or unmanned aircraft,without regulating current manned aircraft (Cash 2016, 708).However, states can create and enforce their own lawsin additional to existing federal laws. This is because every U.S. state isalso a sovereign entity and is granted the power to establish laws and implementthem according to their needs. In 2015, twenty states passed legislation aimedat drone use. Eight of these new laws are concerned with privacy invasion by droneoperators.
Arkansas ban the use of a drone to prevent any acts that would leadsto surveillance and privacy invasion. Similarly, Florida passed a new law thatban drone user from taking images of private property or occupant of a propertywithout obtaining consent. Maryland enacted a law that prevents individualother than the state from enacting law that control the drone activity.Mississippi passed a law stating that a drone commits any type of “peeping Tom”activities is a felony. North Dakota set limitations on how hobbyists can use theirdrone for surveillance purposes (Cash 2016, 719). Overall, each state is stillbusy implementing their own regulations.
Some states have enacted stricterrestrictions on consumer drones, banning them in public parks, neighborhoods, churches,and schools. However, some new state laws present potential conflict with the FAAregulations (Wingfield 2016).Recommendation Afederal law applies to all 50 states whereas state laws only applies withinthat state. Althoughthe FAA has a significant amount of regulations on how commercial and lawenforcement can use drones, there are only a few rules that applies to civiliandrone user. While videos and footage capture by drone user are positivelyportrayed on YouTube and other popular social media, they are also raisingdebate about their behavior.
Since there is no clear regulation to obey, droneshave been hovering freely in public areas, triggering discomfort andcontroversial issues (Rao, 87). There is no definitely answer to pin point whichstate laws will successfully control the use of drones or which law willwithstand challenges. However, civilian who travel with their drone might beunfamiliar with other state regulation and could unintentionally violate a law,subjecting themselves to penalties. To reduce the issue of contradicting dronelaws, federal and state should establish same regulations to prevent anyconfusion for drone user. Currently, consumer is not required to register theirdrone when they make the purchase. This is a reason why it is difficult totrack drone operators. The second suggestion is to strictly enforce these rulesby requiring all drone consumer to register their device.
Surprisingly, the agelimit to register personal drone is only 13-years-old. The third suggestion wouldbe to increase the age limit for registered drone user. Although, the devicecan be light weight and small, it can still pose threat at the speed of howfast it can potential fly. Most importantly, the device can be dangerous in thehands of negligent minor who is not aware of the potential risk. Conclusion 6 Despite the advantages of the droneindustry, it has created several challenges such as safety, privacy, andsecurity concerns. The increase in drone incidents makes sense given the factthat there is an increase in the drone market. The expansion of the droneindustry is consuming the limitations inherent to manned aircraft becausedrones are low-cost and requires little work.
Typically, drones are built onsome small frames, use affordable and easily available components that can bepurchase anywhere online. Again, therapid transformation of drones available to civilians has created many issue.For example, drones are currently disrupting the work of police helicopters andfirefighters.
The effect on society could be harmful if people begin to believethat someone is surveilling them or their love ones. Currently, laws aimed atdrone hobbyist is in a constant state of adjustment as the technology and droneuser increases. Additionally, states that have established laws aimed at dronescontradicts the FAA laws, creating confusion to drone user.