Findings and Discussion


5.0 Introduction

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chapter will provide the overall discussion about the findings that collected
and analyzed the data. The findings will be presented with reference to the
literature review. Moreover, this chapter will also give recommendations for
the future research.

5.1 Findings and Discussions

main purpose of the survey is to find out the usage of the games on teaching
grammar on present tense and nouns among upper primary school students. This
study mainly focuses on standard 4 students of SK (2) Petaling Jaya. This
investigation might have been an instance study conveyed out to explore the
impacts of utilizing sentence structure amusements to improve students’
securing from claiming English grammar, especially in the utilization of the
straightforward introduce strained and basic past dynamic strained.

inspected the impacts of diversions on students’ inspiration level same time.
Taking in the structure and standards administering the utilization for these
tenses. The study also likewise took those teachers’ responses towards the
utilization of games in teaching grammar. A total of 30 students of SK PJ were
chosen as the respondents of this study, 30 students constituted the classroom
action research. Three grammar games were played as a form of treatment. Data
were collected through the means of a pre-post and post-test as well.

data analyzed using a qualitative method. From the analysis, it can be
concluded that the usage of games on teaching grammar had a positive effect on
the student’s acquisition of the simple present tense and nouns. Games were
very useful in teaching grammar and learning grammar because students enjoying
learning by playing games on learning grammar. It also gave students an
incentive to go on practising a structure beyond the point where they would
normally tire of repeating it.

games also make the students learning environment more authentic to learn and
practice these simple present tense and nouns. Language use and practice in an
authentic environment provided an effective reinforcement in the learning
process. Students also enjoyed the games on learning grammar while teaching. It
also motivates and encourages students in learning grammar by using games.
Teaching grammar by using games makes students participate and engaged students
in learning.

 It also helps students to concentrate on what
teacher have though. Students also enjoyed the lesson and show their interest
in learning grammar. The Games played an important role in teaching and
learning process for the upper primary students and especially standard 4
students. Even the teachers in SK (2) PJ expressed their interest in conducting
games on teaching grammar. However, language games on teaching grammar
effectively only can be utilized with proper organization and planning. Results
of the study agree that learning grammar by using games encourages the students
and they can understand in the way of playing games.

are three types of students which are advanced level, intermediate level, and
beginner’s level.  This study shows that
using games in teaching grammar can help the students to focus in class. It
also helps them to improve their second language which is English. Teaching
grammar by using games also improve the thinking skills. In addition, it also
improves student’s communication skills by answering the questions by using
games. There are also some difficulties in doing this case study. The beginner
level of students faces language problems which researcher need to translate in

the researcher translates to the beginners level students in simple English,
actions and also with pictures to make the beginner level students understand
without translation in Malay. This study was limited to the standard 4 students
enrolled in Sekolah Kebangsaan (2) Petaling Jaya a primary school located in
Petaling Jaya area. Therefore the results of this study are not generalizable
to all schools in Malaysia. In addition, the reference group used was rather
small, which were 30 from Standard Four students at Sekolah Kebangsaan (2)
Petaling Jaya.



Based on this study, few
suggestions have been made as follows:


Suggestion for future teacher


Teachers play an important role in student’s life.
It is highly recommended for the teachers to help the students on teaching
grammar by using games to the students stay focus on the lesson or classroom.
The teachers can provide good learning materials for the learners to encourage
the students to learn or practice grammar exercises. Furthermore, teachers can
praise, appreciate and give rewards for the students who have performed well on
their tests or class quizzes. These will make the students focus and motivated
to learn grammar. The teachers can provide students with a very friendly and
comfortable atmosphere in class to make the students feel free to learn
grammar. The teachers also can bring the students to outdoor activities to make
the grammar lesson more fun and it also helps to create different environment
learning. It would help if the teachers make the lessons more fun and different
activities for the students to improve their self on learning grammar.

Suggestion for future researcher

This study involved standard 4 students of Sekolah
Kebangsaan (2) Petaling Jaya. It is highly recommended that this study can be
adapted to all future teachers. It also can be adapted for all the future
trainee teachers who will be doing their practicum in government or private
schools. These standard 4 students are much more different as compared to any
other standard, They are on the first stage of upper primary level which is
they are focus towards a big public examination which is ‘UPSR’. Therefore, the
students should practice from now and prepare their self on learning grammar
and shows interest in leaning grammar. 




Based on the
findings, the recommendations for the further studies have proposed as follows:


1.      There
should be a study how effectiveness of using games for the primary level
students on teaching grammar.

2.      There
should be an investigation on teaching grammar by using games for Standard Four

3.      There
should be an investigation on how student’s attitudes and focus in class
towards learning grammar by using games.

4.      There
should be a study of student’s thinking skills that they face when they
practicing what the teacher has thought in class or lesson.





chapter will look into the summary of the finding and recommendations based on
the findings. Based on the results, we can conclude that most of the students
are enjoying learning grammar by using games. The students are more focused
when the teacher teaches using games. The teacher satisfied with teaching
grammar by using games to the standard 4 students. The students are lack of
focus on teaching grammar without games and very difficult to understand what
teacher is teaching. Students did not show their interest when teaching grammar
without games. They find difficulties in understanding the lesson of the day.
On the other hand, students really focus when the teacher through the same
lesson by using games and they really enjoyed the lesson. The students also try
to speak English by answering the questions. Finally, the study and results
show that usage of games in teaching grammar is really works and it beneficial
for all the future teachers and researchers.



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