Fairlyrecently the news has popularised the term migrant crisis, to respond to thelarge flow of economic migrant and refugees, some also call this a refugeecrisis but this has some inaccuracy to it, all refugees are migrants but notall migrants are refugees despite people using the terms interchangeably,refugees are escaping conflict seeking refuge whereas migrants have a multitudeof reasons to move from country to country.
Many see this as a threat to theirjobs and housing, leading to some hostility between locals and the migrants.Many are also concerned for their safety after multiple terrorist attacks fromIslamic extremists, which many believe were caused by people who are hiding asrefugees and are able to cross country borders due to countries opening theirborders, be it down to pressure from neighbouring countries or because theirgovernments want to be seen as ‘progressive’ which doesn’t seem to have workedout well for some, for example in Germany, where before they opened theirborders Angela Merkel had a majority in the country, but after the recentelections her party has a minority meaning she’ll have to form a coalitionwhich as of writing this seems to be at a standstill (Young-Powell, 2017).The UKgovernment accepts someone as a refugee if he or she has fled their own country because of a “well-founded fear of beingpersecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of aparticular social group or political opinion”. Those words are from the GenevaConvention on refugees, a United Nations agreement that the UK is signed up to.The government also allowspeople to stay in the country to keep them safe without granting them refugeestatus as defined by the Geneva Convention. When we refer to “refugees” or”asylum grants” in this article, we’re including these other forms of asylum,such as Humanitarian Protection or Leave outside the Rules for human rights reasonsThis reportwill outline some possible solutions to the accelerated large flow of migrantsfrom different sources reflecting on where their from and any biases they mayhave due to this.
Firstly some solutions from Amnesty, an organisationdedicated to the upholding of human rights. This source seems to be current asit refers to the “refugee ban” that Donald Trump put in place earlier thisyear. These ninesolution can be separated into two groups, solutions the public can offer andsolutions that the government and organisations can offer to migrants. For thepublic there are two solutions “Embrace technology” and “Help newcomers settlein” both are good solutions as they help refugees settle into new countries andhelp them in the long term, which can help future refugees as it will be easierto communicate with those that don’t speak the local language.
For thegovernment solutions many seem to be temporary solutions that may lessen theimpact of future refugees by allowing past and present refugees to integrateinto the country and would allow them to help future refugees (Amnesty, n.d.)Secondly,some solutions from the European Commission, this paper is written as a reportand may reflect the views of the author, however the paper itself doesn’t seemto show any solutions and only shows how further research can help to solve thesituation. Most of this research however seems to be for testing possiblesolutions, but without contacting the author or having a transcript of the conference,I feel I can’t make a truly accurate picture of what suggested solutions theauthor puts forward actually are or what the author believes in regards toreducing the number of migrants and refugees. (European Comission, 2016)Finally,some solutions from Khalid Koser, some background research on him doesn’t seemto bring up much to show any bias, however it does bring up that he is anexpert in migration which does help to validate him as a source on this topic.All of his solutions are aimed towards governments and businesses to helpreduce the impact of future migrants.
The first three solutions arepreventative measures to help reduce the number of refugees and to help preventthe loss of life caused by smuggling, he does point out that closing one routemay put the migrants in more danger as the smugglers will just go a differentroute. The other two solutions are ways to help migrants settle in thecountries they go to. Koser however does seem to confuse refugees with migrantsat first glance, but this may not be the case as he does refer to refugees andlabour migrants separately.
(Koser, 2015)In conclusion there are a number of different ways tocombat the migrant and refugee crisis which both governments and the public canuse, however it seems that only the former can actually effect the substantial influxof migrants and refugees. In my opinion, there is no definitive way to reducethe number of migrants as there will always be refugees as there will always besome conflict the only difference being where the conflict takes place,reducing the number of economic migrants on the other hand is quite simple, byonly allowing long term residents of the country work and government benefitsless migrants will come unless they are truly looking for work, however itwould violate human right laws so the better option would be to just start byreducing the number of benefits that migrants can receive immediately withoutworking to deter those that wish to exploit the generosity of countries’governments.