Even though the invasion of singapore did not have many specific significant individuals that affected the overall battle, there still has been a couple of individuals who affected some sectors of the invasion.
Arthur Percival was an overall officer who commanded malaya in world war 2 when Malala got invaded by the japanese in december 1941. Percival was born on the 26th of december 1887, and he began at rugby school in 1901where he started off as an average person in terms of academic ability and knowledge. He left the school in 1906 and a year later he proceeded to work as an employee in a iron ore merchant located in london, he decided to stay in that position until world war one began to rise. He was included in world war one by joining the officers training corps (aged 26), and even though he was severely wounded during war he was then awarded the military cross due to his bravery.
It was Arthur Percival who had to sign the appeasement document to Yamashita after singapore decided to surrender in february 1942, this lead to some historians perceive that the loss of singapore was one of the most intense military catastrophes in british history. He also assigned the troops to help protect and defend the coastline of all four sectors, the allied armed forces were assigned to stop japanese landing on the islandhe thought that the japanese will charge from the east side of the causeway (which has the naval base located at) so he placed his most forceful and powerful forces there. But unfortunately, his reading wan mistaken because the japanese commanders (Lieutenant General Tomoyuki Yamashita) plan was for the 18th and 5th distribution to go into singapore along the northwestern coastline. Overall, he technically didn’t benefit the situation for the allied powers because he predicted that the the japanese will charge from the east side of the causeway which was a wrong way of viewing the situation because the japanese planned to go into singapore along the northwestern coastline.
The invasion of singapore occured on january 31st to february 15th 1942 (1939-1945) , and it set place during world war 2. This battle was between the british and japanese armies, and the british army consisted of 85,00 men and it was led by Lieutenant General Arthur Percival. However,The japanese army consisted of approximately 36,000 men and it was led by Lieutenant General Tomoyuki Yamashita. Some additional background information about this event is that this invasion of singapore was probably britain’s most intense military defeat since the battle of yorktown (1781), and the battle concluded with 140,000 armed forces and citizens in singapore itself being captured, killed or wounded severely, and about 80,00 british, australian and indian troops positioned in singapore also became prisoners of war as an outcome. Japan properly surrendered to singapore on the 12th of september during 1945, and this was after the united states (US) military planted 2 atomic bombs on nagasaki and hiroshima in august. Advancements to singapore’s reinforcement was fully completed in 1938 and it included the aim of composing a fortified vital and main base securing the britain’s society possessions located in the far east.
The british armed forces were expecting singapore to develop onto a main target in the district for the japanese following pearl harbor in december during 1941, and it was claimed that any intervention will fail. Their boost of ego was all based on their understanding that the japanese troops were not advanced and that they were poor soldiers, capable to absolve themselves contrary to the equally minor chinese. The british army were convinced that the japanese will not attack from land,therefore, all their defences were aimed out to the sea, however, the british were startled when the approach or attack came from within the jungles,mangrove swamps and mountains of the Malay Peninsula.
By the 9th of december, 1941, the japanese had taken down and demolished all RAF planes in singaporewhich then left most of the army unprotected from the outside air, and resulting from the surrender of singapore approximately 80,000 allied armed forces were on arrestwhich also included about 15,00 australians and a large number of them would probably die in captivity.(finished the primary/secondary sources for the first area of research)Preparation for the war:Britain had started to build up and develop its defences in singapore from the end of world war one, this is because from the enlarging military threat coming from japan. A naval base was also composed and established in Sembawang and large guns and military equipment were placed in critical and strategic areas across singapore’s coastline to help defend themselves from any upcoming naval attacks.
During 1938, Governor Sir Shenton Thomas establish the biggest dry dock in the world at that time, and it was located at the naval base, however, this base did not moderate any long-lasting naval fleet, so the british approach was to hurry a fleet to the base but only when a threat was forthcoming. Even though its finite defences, the media and political leaders during the time supplied to the response that singapore was safe against any upcoming attack.Defence strategies:Starting from the beginning of the invasion of singapore the allied powers were numbered around 85,00 men and only 70,000 were armed. The allied powers obtained 38 infantry battalions and in addition to that they has artillery regiments, anti-aircraft guns and anti-tank regiments. However, even though they consisted of a large number of troops, a majority of their soldiers were either overworked veterans or inexperienced recruits (they also began running out of their ammunition and weapons).
Lieutenant General Arthur E. Percival, a general officer commanding Malaya, divided the island into the northern,southern,reserve, and western sectors. He also assigned the troops to help protect and defend the coastline of all four sectors, the allied armed forces were assigned to stop japanese landing on the islandhe thought that the japanese will charge from the east side of the causeway (which has the naval base located at) so he placed his most forceful and powerful forces there.
But unfortunately, his reading was mistaken because the japanese commanders (Lieutenant General Tomoyuki Yamashita) plan was for the 18th and 5th distribution to go into singapore along the northwestern coastline.