EugenicsEugenicsoriginates from the Greek roots for good and “birthplace,” or”great birth” and includes applying standards of hereditary qualitiesand heredity for enhancing humankind. Francis Galton first invented the termeugenics in the late 1800’s (Norrgard 2008).
Galton was an English scholar,whose collection of work spread over many fields, including measurements, brainresearch, meteorology and hereditary qualities. The Eugenics movement increasedin the Unified States in the mid 1900’s, directed by Charles Davenport, a prominentresearcher, and Harry Laughlin, a former instructor who was interested inbreeding (Rivard, 2014).Aftereugenics became deeply rooted in the United States, the idea shifted into Germany.Hitler began to study the American eugenics laws. Hitler recruited more followersamong the Germans by assuring them science supported the idea. Hitler’s hatefor different races came from his own mind; however, the plan of eugenics that Hitleraccepted was created in America (Black, 2003). Hitler gladly told his companionsjust how diligently he followed the progress of the American eugenics movement.
He also told a confederate that had great interest, and even wrote a letter toAmerican eugenics leader Madison Allow, calling his race-based book, “TheDeath of the Unequaled Race,” and called the book his “bible” (Black,2003).Coercedsterilization was used as a mean to control the unequaled race. The undesiredpopulation was considered to be single moms, immigrants, poor people, non-whiteindividuals, the disabled, and mentally ill.
The Government financed neutering programsoccurred in 32 states all through the twentieth century. These partial ideaswas driven by science and social control, these projects enforce policies on immigrationand segregation. Davenport established the eugenics Record Office at ChillySpring Harbor Research center on Long Island “to enhance the normal,physical, mental, and unstable characteristics of the human family. Manyindividuals can concur eugenics was a development that happened in history.However, I have not seen people talking about eugenics as of late and today. Asa general public we do not call many activities eugenics or talk about thedangers of genetic counseling but it is actually still around only thing thatis different is that it is not forced on the public. For example, there isprenatal testing in order to avoid having children with disabilities (Kpagination,2017). It is recommend that people with disorders should refrain from havingchildren because they have a disability.
In nations, for example, Australia,impaired individuals are still being sterilized “for their ownsecurity”(Kpagination, 2017). We disregard to observe eugenics whendiscussing human genomics and quality altering programs, for example, CRISPR. Whatabout the discussion of designer babies?Indianapassed the world’s first sterilization law, which approved medicinal directorsto clean individuals whose “malignant” genes seemed to threaten society(Stem,2016). From 1907 to 1937, 32 US states followed, passing eugenic sterilizationlaws as part of a public health project to battle decadence. In 1909, two yearsafter Indiana and couple weeks after Washington State and, California passedthe third sterilization bill in the country, the secretary of the StateCommission in Lunacy, granted medical superintendents of asylums and prisons(Stem,2016). This enactment let shelters anddetainment facilities to asexualize a patient or prisoner, if such activitywould enhance his or her “physical, mental, or moral condition. These lawswere developed to control the growth of the undesired population until the 1970s,when the government began to retract these statutes(Stem, 2016).
Informedconsent and ethics was greatly violated. Most, if not all, people was sterilizedagainst their will. The government and intuitionscoerced and deceived some of these women into being sterilized. The right to breedwithout intervention from outsiders is one of the essential freedom we have, perceivedby moral theories and ethical traditions. The Supreme Court’s ruling permittedaround 64,000 Americans to be forcibly sterilized. Wecan ethically explore the use of eugenics by first doing basic research. You dobasic research to learn about eugenics and its history.
This way you can learnwhat not to do. Then we move on toapplied research, where you provide solutions. For example, from doing yourbasic research you should have learned that sterilization was forced on the “undesirablerace”. Your applied research shouldcontain ways to avoid forcing people to participate in sterilization. Yourresearch should not single out specific population or income.
If you are goingto research eugenics you should be unbiased and value laden.