Simple properties of rocks for field-testing. ? Classification * Common rock minerals. These are the building blocks of rocks and precious stones. * Clay layer structures.
Clay is one of the most important minerals for mankind. * Igneous rocks. Molten rock comes from deep in the earth and transforms into various rock types. * Classification of igneous rocks. One type smoothly grades into the next; intrusive and extrusive rock. * The processes inside a magma chamber.
Inside gigantic cauldrons, many kinds of rock are formed. * Mineral formation from solid solution, describes part of the process in a magma chamber. Sedimentary rocks. Erosion by water and wind, transport and sort soil components. * Particle sizes: definitions for names of particles from boulder to silt. * Sediment composition triangle: defining sedimental rock type from sand, clay and carbonate content. * Metamorphic rocks. Under pressure and heat, sedimentary rock transforms into new forms.
? Soils of the world. Soils are the most variable of minerals, but there are some general classes. * Classification of soils: their names, structures and properties * Carbon fluxes and pools in terrestrial ecosystems, compares productivity and carbon pools. Properties of soil: texture, structure, moisture, etc. * Soil degradation: a systematic classification of the many ways soil is lost. * Soil timescales: time scales in the history of soils ? Rock and soil chemistry. * Properties of soil: soil components, texture, structure, pore space, moisture, pH, CEC and more.
* Soil degradation: a comprehensive summary of the many ways soil degrades and is lost in both quantity and quality * Soil time scales: tectonic movement, profile formation, soil formation, and more. * Rock and soil chemistry: Bowen series, solid solution, cation exchange capacity and more.Rocks Rocks are all around us. They make up the backbones of hills and mountains and the foundations of plains and valleys.
Beneath the soil you walk on and the deep layers of soft mud that cover the ocean basins is a basement of hard rock. What are rocks made of? Rocks are made up mostly of crystals of different kinds of minerals, or broken pieces of crystals, or broken pieces of rocks. Some rocks are made of the shells of once-living animals, or of compressed pieces of plants. We can learn something about the way a rock formed from by looking carefully at the evidence preserved inside.What a rock is made of, the shapes of the grains or crystals within the rock, and how the grains or crystals fit together all provide valuable clues to help us unlock the rock’s history hidden within. Where do rocks come from? Rocks are divided into three basic types, igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic , depending upon how they were formed.
Plate tectonics provides an explanation for how rocks are recycled from igneous to sedimentary to metamorphic and back to igneous again. Igneous rocks Igneous rocks (from the Greek word for fire) form from when hot, molten rock (magma) crystallizes and solidifies.The melt originates deep within the Earth near active plate boundaries or hot spots, then rises toward the surface. Igneous rocks are divided into two groups, intrusive or extrusive, depending upon where the molten rock solidifies. Extrusive igneous rock Extrusive , or volcanic, igneous rock is produced when magma exits and cools outside of, or very near the Earth’s surface. These are the rocks that form at erupting volcanoes and oozing fissures. The magma, called lava when molten rock erupts on the surface, cools and solidifies almost instantly when it is exposed to the relatively cool temperature of the atmosphere.
Quick cooling means that mineral crystals don’t have much time to grow, so these rocks have a very fine-grained or even glassy texture. Hot gas bubbles are often trapped in the quenched lava, forming a bubbly, vesicular texture. Pumice, obsidian, and basalt are all extrusive igneous rocks.
The cinder cone above and the close up at right are made of basalt . TYPES OF ROCKS Igneous Rocks Igneous rocks are crystalline solids which form directly from the cooling of magma. This is an exothermic process (it loses heat) and involves a phase change from the liquid to the solid state.The earth is made of igneous rock – at least at the surface where our planet is exposed to the coldness of space.
Igneous rocks are given names based upon two things: composition (what they are made of) and texture (how big the crystals are). Andesite is a gray to black volcanic rock. It is generally erupted from stratovolcanoes as thick lava flows. It can also generate strong explosive eruptions to form pyroclastic flows. * Andesites erupt at temperatures between 900 and 1100° C. * Andesite contains crystals composed of plagioclase feldspar, pyroxenes, and hornblende. The word andesite comes from the Andes Mountain Range where andesite is common. Pumice is light and porous.
It forms during explosive eruptions. Pumice is full of holes caused by expanding volcanic gases. It is composed of volcanic glass and minerals, and can form in all types of magma: basalt, andesite, dacite, and rhyolite.
Sedimentary Rocks In most places on the surface, the igneous rocks which make up the majority of the crust are covered by a thin veneer of loose sediment, and the rock which is made as layers of this debris get compacted and cemented together.Sedimentary rocks are called secondary, because they are often the result of the accumulation of small pieces broken off of pre-existing rocks. There are three main types of sedimentary rocks: Clastic: your basic sedimentary rock. Clastic sedimentary rocks are accumulations of clasts: little pieces of broken up rock which have piled up and been “lithified” by compaction and cementation. Chemical: many of these form when standing water evaporates, leaving dissolved minerals behind. These are very common in arid lands, where seasonal “playa lakes” occur in closed depressions.Thick deposits of salt and gypsum can form due to repeated flooding and evaporation over long periods of time. Organic: any accumulation of sedimentary debris caused by organic processes.
Many animals use calcium for shells, bones, and teeth. These bits of calcium can pile up on the seafloor and accumulate into a thick enough layer to form an “organic” sedimentary rock. Examples of Sedimentary Rocks: | Bauxite| | Sand| | Coal| | Sandstone| | Conglomerate| | Shale| | Gravel| | | GRAVEL COAL SANDSTONE Metamorphic Rocks The metamorphics get their name from “meta” (change) and “morph” (form).
Any rock can become a metamorphic rock. All that is required is for the rock to be moved into an environment in which the minerals which make up the rock become unstable and out of equilibrium with the new environmental conditions. In most cases, this involves burial which leads to a rise in temperature and pressure. The metamorphic changes in the minerals always move in a direction designed to restore equilibrium.
Common metamorphic rocks include slate, schist, gneiss, and marble. Blueschist, a metamorphic rock derived from basalt at high pressure and low temperatureMudstone thoroughly invaded by siliceous fluids, disrupted by brittle fracture at depth Large staurolite crystal in matrix of mica schist Ito palang labong Kung bagaong tutubo Langit na mataas Ang itinuturo; Kung lumaki’t Masunod ang anyo Lupang tinubuan Doon din ang yuko Ito palang asin Sa tubig nanggaling At sa tubig din naman Madaling tunawin; Kaya ang sabi ko Sa sino ma’t alin, Ang bait ng bata Sa matanda nanngaling Ito palang labong labong Kung bagong tutubo langit na mataas ang itinuturo kung itoy lumakit masunod ang anyo lupang tinubuan doon din ang yuko Ito palang labong labong Kung bagong tutubo angit na mataas ang itinuturo kung itoy lumakit masunod ang anyo lupang tinubuan doon din ang yuko akoy may kwintas ito`y gawa sa perlas binili ko ito sa pilipinas ang bayad ay dosenang mansanas akoy nagluluto ng pansit guisado ipinunta ko sa baryo nawala na ito ngayon ay pasko may hawak si tito malaking regalo mabilis kong tinanong sa akin ba to? akoy may kwintas ito’y gawa sa perlas binili ko sa pilipinas bayad ay dosenang mansanas ang aso ko ay nawawala ang pangalan ay ”tipa” ngipin ay parang bwaya kaya natatakot ang mga bata pati mga matatanda isang buwan na wala parin siya pagising ko sa umaga y hayun na pala ang aking lola ay sobrang makata kaya siya ay ka hanga hanga kaya kami y laging masaya ang aso ko ay nawawala ang pangalan ay ”tipa” ngipin ay parang bwaya kaya natatakot ang mga bata pati mga matatanda isang buwan na wala parin siya pagising ko sa umaga ay hayun na pala Ito palang gugo Ang bunga’y bayugo; Ibong siyete kolores Balahibo’y pito Bukod ang pangaraw-araw Iba ang pangliggo Bukod ang pamista At iba ang pamasko Ito palang asin Sa tubig nanggaling At sa tubig din naman Madaling tunawin; Kaya ang sabi ko Sa sino ma’t alin, Ang bait ng bata Sa matanda nanngalingIto ay isang kuwentong bayan ng Tinggiyan Noong unang panahon ay may mag-asawang may mabuting pagpapasunuran at pagmamahalan. Sila’y sina Adlaw at Bulan.
Nagkaanak sila ng maraming bituin. Napansin ni Adlaw na lubha ng masikip sa kanilang bahay sapagkat patuloy na nag-aanak si Bulan. Kinausap ni Adlaw si Bulan at sinabi sa asawa na pagpapatayin nila ang iba nilang mga anak upang lumuwag ang kanilang tirahan. Tinutulan ni BUlan ang mungkahi ni Adlaw at ito ang naging dahilan ng mainit nilang pagkakagalit. Wala nang katahimikan sa kanilang bahay sapagkat halos araw-araw ay nag-aaway sila.
Hindi na nakatiis si Bulan at ipinasya niyang makipaghiwalay sa asawa na lalo namang ikinagalit ni Adlaw. Hindi nagtagal ay pumayag na rin si Adlaw na makipaghiwalay sa kasunduang isasamang lahat ni Bulan ang mga anak na bituin at hindi na pakikita sa kanya ang mag-iina. Kaya mula noon, makikitang nag-iisang sumusikat si Adlaw (Araw) sa araw at sa gabi naman ay lumilitaw si Bulan (Buwan) kasama ang mga anak na bituin. Kapag ang dating mag-asawa’y nagkakatagpo ay lalong tumitindi ang poot ni Adlaw kay Bulan kaya hinahabol niya ito na nagiging dahilan ng eclipse. AKO’Y NAKAUPO SA TAPAT NG BINTANA NARINIG KO ANG HUNII NG IBONG MATABANA PARANG ANG PALIGID AY PAYAPANG-PAYAPA AT ANG MGA TAO SY BIYANG-BIYAYA AKO’Y NAKAUPO SA TAPAT NG BINTANA NARINIG KO ANG HUNII NG IBONG MATABA NA PARANG ANG PALIGID AY PAYAPANG-PAYAPA AT ANG MGA TAO SY BIYANG-BIYAYA | 1 : 1 | 50% AC | | | | | | | | | Categories| Arts ; Entertainment | Art| | Books| | Cartoons and Animation| | Celebrities| | Comics| | Events| | Food and Beverages| | Movies and TV Shows| | Music| | Performance| | Poetry and Literature| | Restaurants| | Song Title and Author| | Academic | History| | Languages| | Literature| | Math| | Psychology| | Research| | Science| | Teaching| | Wika at Panitikan| Business and Money | Accounting| | Advertising| | Business| | Economics| | Employment| | Finance| | Marketing| | Health | Alternative| | Beauty| | Child care| | Conditions| | Diseases| | Fitness| | Medicine| | Nutrition| | Pregnancy| | Miscellaneous | Others| | Reference | Cultures| | Current Events| | Geography| | Government| | Jobs and Careers| | Law| | Politics| | Relationships and Beliefs | Philosphy| | Relationships| | Religion| | Sexuality| | Science and Mathematics | Astronomy| | Biology| | Math| | Physical Sciences| | Social Sciences| | Sports and Leisure | Cars| | Gaming| | Hobbies| | Outdoors| Pets| | Sports| | Toys| | Travel| | Technology | Computers| | Graphics| | Internet| | Machines| | Programming| | Security| | Software| | | | | | | | | | | | Share| Facebook| Twitter| Plurk| | | | | | | | | | | | Top of Form Search | JobTitle, Company, Skills, Industry, etc. | | | | | | Bottom of Form| | | | | | | | | | | | | | PRESIDENT BENIGNO SIMEON COJUANGCO AQUINO III RIVER OCEAN BAYVALLEY MOUNTAIN ISLAND PLATEAU BROOK Go foods BREAD CARROTS BANANA GROW FOODS MEAT fish chicken GLOW FOODS MILK EGG YOGURTEducational progressivism is the belief that education must be based on the principle that humans are social animals who learn best in real-life activities with other people.
Progressivists, like proponents of most educational theories, claim to rely on the best available scientific theories of learning. Most progressive educators believe that children learn as if they were scientists, following a process similar to John Dewey’s model of learning: 1. Become aware of the problem. 2. Define the problem.
3. Propose hypotheses to solve it. 4. Evaluate the consequences of the hypotheses from one’s past experience. 5.
Test the likeliest solution. Given this view of human nature, a progressivist teacher desires to provide not just reading and drill, but also real-world experiences and activities that center on the real life of the students. Typical progressivist slogans are “Learn by Doing! ” and “Learn by Discovery. ” * |  Philosophy Progressive education is a pedagogical movement that began in the late nineteenth century and has persisted in various forms to the present. More recently, it has been viewed as an alternative to the test-oriented instruction legislated by the No Child Left Behind educational funding act.The term “progressive” was engaged to distinguish this education from the traditional curriculum of the 19th century, which was rooted in classical preparation for the university and strongly differentiated by socioeconomic level. By contrast, progressive education finds its roots in present experience.
Most progressive education programs have these qualities in common: * Emphasis on learning by doing – hands-on projects, expeditionary learning, experiential learning * Integrated curriculum focused on thematic units * Strong emphasis on problem solving and critical thinking * Group work and development of social skills Understanding and action as the goals of learning as opposed to rote knowledge * Collaborative and cooperative learning projects * Education for social responsibility and democracy * Integration of community service and service learning projects into the daily curriculum * Selection of subject content by looking forward to ask what skills will be needed in future society * De-emphasis on textbooks in favor of varied learning resources * Emphasis on life-long learning and social skills * Assessment by evaluation of child’s projects and productions Progressivism is based on pragmatism.It aims to promote democratic and social living. Emphasizes change as the essence of reality. It views knowledge as something tentative that may explain present reality .
Knowledge leads to growth and development and it focus on active and relevant learning. Saint Justin Martyr St. Lorenzo Ruiz JESUS JESUS BOY PRAYING ALTAR BOY BOYS WASHING THE DISHES BOY SWEEPING THE FLOOR BOY KISSING HIS MOTHER BOY GIVING FLOWERS TO HIS MOTHER I Left My Meeting With Mike Velarde A Changed Man I had a special blessing from God this morning.
I spent 3 beautiful, spiritually enriching hours with Bro.Mike Velarde, Founder of El Shaddai. (Thanks to my friend Chona Velasco for linking us together. ) I know. When some people think of Bro. Mike, they think of him only as that funny TV preacher with an accent wearing a red bowtie who makes his audience jump up and invert their umbrellas under the rain. Don’t be fooled.
God is using him to bless the world in a mighty way. You may not agree with his style, his accent, his wardrobe, or even his theology—but millions are drawn to God because of him. Believe me, I can’t express how much he inspired me this morning.Finally, I now know why millions gather at his feet every Saturday night (either physically or through his Radio and TV broadcast) to listen to him. It was Cardinal Sin who asked Bro. Mike in one Luneta Grandstand El Shaddai prayer rally, “What do you have that I don’t have? I can’t draw this crowd, but you can. ” His answer to the Cardinal: “This is pure grace from God, your Eminence. ” And I experienced that powerful grace this morning.
As he spoke to me, telling me simple stories of faith, I felt drawn to the Lord. I wanted to trust God more, to serve God more, and to love God more.That was the effect he had on me. And yes, the same effect on millions of others. Next month, you’ll be able to watch a video of our entire conversation together—here in www. kerygmafamily. com (If you’re not yet a member of the kerygmafamily.
com, just sign in, and you’ll be able to watch all these great videos. Membership is free anyway, because donations are totally optional. ) But let me summarize what I learned from Bro. Mike: 1) People need to know that God cares for us—body, soul, and spirit Bro. Mike believes that God is interested not only with our spiritual needs, but also with our next meal.He cares for our material and physical needs as well. This comes out in his talks.
I use a different approach, but I totally agree with him and preach in the same way. 2) People need rest in God’s Presence He told me that the only time he heard God’s audible voice was when God told him, “Build a center where my people can rest. ” At first, he thought it was a physical center. So he designed it, even had the Pope bless the plans, even had Cardinal Sin in the groundbreaking ceremony—but soon, he realized it wasn’t a physical center.
It was El Shaddai where people would get their rest.Because the crowd would never fit any enclosed building anymore! Here’s what I picked him from him: From a very tiring week of work, people need to go to happy place with God. And that’s what happens in El Shaddai—people go home from these meetings refreshed and happy.
I’ve noticed that my gatherings (The FEAST) have the same effect in people too. Church should be a place of rest and joy! 3) You need simple faith to do His work Bro. Mike has a simple faith. I feel that it’s because of this simple faith that he can do all that he does. I need to cultivate this kind of faith in God if I want to be used more by Him.
Sometimes, I get too complicated. I need to learn from him. 4) Be generous if you want to succeed in life Bro. Mike is extremely generous.
At one point in 1981, he gave his seed money (P50,000) to fund a huge charismatic gathering. He wasn’t preaching yet at that time. He just gave away his money. Until God asked him to form El Shaddai.
I believe God is blessing him because of his generosity. 5) Love people—like really! Bro. Mike loves people from the heart. I felt it. He welcomes both the poor and the rich in his office. Presidents, Supreme Court Justices, Senators, and Generals seek his advice almost everyday.But in that same room, he also welcomes the poor, the sick, and terminally ill who need his prayer.
Bro. Mike Velarde is already 67 years old, but doesn’t look like it at all. He still jogs everyday.
Even when he travels, he sees to it that his hotel is beside a park for his daily exercise. After 28 years of serving God, I asked him, “Do you ever feel tired? ” He smiled, “I feel that it’s just my first day with the Lord. I feel like I’m still 18. ” ut he also explained to me his weekly regimen, which is very sensible. On Mondays and Wednesdays, he does his business—which is real estate. On Tuesdays and Thursdays, he does his ministry work.On Fridays and Saturdays, he hides in Tagaytay to pray and prepare his weekly talk. On Saturday night, he delivers that talk to a massive crowd in El Shaddai.
On Sunday, he rests at home—totally drained by the work he did the night before. He adds, “Life is a choice. We can choose to be miserable, or we can choose to be happy in the midst of miserable circumstances. ” I had to laugh.
We almost use the exact words! It was as though I was hearing myself preach. Hey, I’ve got to stop writing now. It’s 11:20pm and I’ve got sleep. I have four meetings tomorrow. (Tell you about it.
) But watch for that video, okay? See ya!