Explain the difference between Muslims and Arabs. Muslims and Arab Americans are different groups in the United States and although some Muslim Americans overlap with Arab ancestry, they are different from one another. Most Muslims are not of the Arab background. The Arabs are an ethnic group and the Muslims are a religious group. The name Arab Americans refers to the immigrants and their descendents from the countries that now comprise the Arab world.

The Arabic language is the single most-unifying force among Arabs, although not all Arabs and certainly not all Arab Americans can read and speak Arabic. Muslims practice Islam, which is the second largest religion to Christianity. 2. According to research and news reports within the past 2 years, what are some of the changes the United States has made to policies concerning the treatment of Muslim and Arabic members of society? * Within the past two years, the United States has not done anything to rectify the treatment of Muslims and Arabs in the United States.

After September 11, 2001, the Justice Department is considering letting the FBI investigate Americans without any evidence of wrongdoing, relying instead on a terrorist profile that could single out Muslims, Arabs or other racial and ethnic groups. If this new guideline is put into effect, the FBI along with other law enforcement agents will have an authority to start preliminary investigations against suspected terrorist solely based upon ethnicity and race . * 3. List two to three characteristics of Orientalism.

How may Orientalism and prejudice contribute to hate crimes against these groups? Orientalism is the simplistic view of the people and history of the Orient, with no recognition of change over time or the diversity within its many cultures. Because of Orientalism, many Muslims and Arabs are stereotyped against due to their religion. As of today, September 10, 2010, a Florida Pastor Terry Jones has threatened to burn copies of the Quran (Islam’s Holy Book), because he feels the Book of Quran is of the Devil.

With the rise of hate crimes toward Arabs and Muslims on the rise, this course of action would be devastating for the Arab and Muslim communities. Although many Americans do not agree with Pastor Ted Jones, his actions will cause further separation between Arabs, Muslims. and Americans. Because of the attack on the World trade center many people judge all Muslims and Arabs as terrorists, which is untrue. * 4. What may individuals do to promote tolerance and reduce prejudice in their towns and cities?

Quran For ideas, visit the Teaching Tolerance website at . http://www. tolerance. org, and the Southern Poverty Law Center website at http://www. splcenter. org. The first step to promote tolerance and reduce prejudice is to educate ourselves and others about the differences between our cultures, religions, and beliefs by doing this we will gain an understanding and respect for one another and come to realize that all Muslims and Arabs are not a threat to the American society

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