Your continued donations keep Wikipedia running! Candidates are currently being accepted for the Wikimedia Board of Trustees Election. Become a candidate. [Hide] [Help us with translations! ] Zakir Hussain (musician) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding reliable references. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
(April 2009) Zakir Hussain Zakir Hussain in Munich 2001 Background informationBorn9 March 1951 (age 58) Mumbai, Maharashtra OriginIndia Genre(s) Indian classical music Occupation(s)Tabla Instrument(s) Tabla Years active1963 – present Label(s) HMV Ustad Zakir Hussain (Hindi: ?????? ????? , Urdu: ????? ???? ), (born 9 March 1951), is an Indian tabla player, musical producer, film actor and soundtrack composer. Contents [hide] •1 Early life and background •2 Musical career o2. 1 John McLaughlin collaborations o2.
2 Mickey Hart collaborations •3 Film career •4 Personal life •5 Discography 6 Filmography •7 Soundtracks •8 Awards and accolades •9 Interview •10 References •11 External links  Early life and background Hussain was born in Mumbai, India to the legendary tabla player Ustad Alla Rakha. He attended St. Michael’s High School in Mahim, and graduated from St Xaviers, Mumbai.   Musical career Hussain was a child prodigy, and was touring by the age of twelve. He went to the United States in 1970, embarking on an international career which includes more than 160 concert dates a year. citation needed] He has composed and recorded many albums and soundtracks, and has received widespread recognition as a composer for his many ensembles and collaborations. Hussain is a founding member of Bill Laswell’s ‘World Music Supergroup’ Tabla Beat Science.
 Hussain participates in the Silk Road collaborative musical project.  He teaches Tabla to advanced students in both San Francisco and Mumbai. Zakir participates in the Global Drum Project with percussionists from around the world. In 1992, Hussain founded Moment!Records, which features original collaborations in the field of contemporary world music, as well as live concert performances by great masters of the classical music of India. The label presents his own world percussion ensemble, The Rhythm Experience, both North and South Indian classical recordings, Best of Shakti and the Masters of Percussion series. Moment Records’ 2006 release Golden Strings of the Sarode, with Aashish Khan and Zakir Hussain, was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Traditional World Music Album category for that year.  John McLaughlin collaborationsHussain worked with John McLaughlin on several Indo-Jazz projects, beginning with their collaboration in the band Shakti (band) on the albums Shakti (album) (1975 Columbia), A Handful of Beauty (1976 Columbia), and Natural Elements (1977 CBS).
Twenty years later, they rejoined in the band Remember Shakti, recording the albums Remember Shakti (1999 Universal Records), The Believer (2000 Universal Records), Saturday Night in Bombay (2001 Universal Records), Live at 38th Montreux Jazz Festival (18 July, 2004), and Live at Miles Davis Hall (8 July, 2004). They also appeared in the DVD The Way of Beauty. Both bands performed live both in the U.S. and abroad as recently as 2008 .  Mickey Hart collaborations Hussain has collaborated with Mickey Hart on many projects, beginning with Hart’s first solo album Rolling Thunder, and including Diga, At The Edge, Planet Drum, Mickey Hart’s Mystery Box, Supralingua, Spirit into Sound, and Global Drum Project. He has been part of several of his bands including the Diga Rhythm Band, Planet Drum, Bembe’ Orishas, and the Global Drum Project.
These projects have brought him together with such masters of world percussion and music as Sikiru Adepoju, Airto Moreira, Flora Purim, Babatunde Olatunji, and Giovanni Hidalgo.The first Planet Drum album, released in 1991 on the Rykodisc label, went on to earn the first-ever Grammy Award for Best Contemporary World Music Album. The Global Drum Project album and tour brought Mickey Hart, Zakir Hussain, Sikiru Adepoju, and Giovanni Hidalgo together again in a reunion sparked by the 15th anniversary of the ground-breaking album Planet Drum. The album Global Drum Project has won the Grammy Award for Best Contemporary World Music Album at the 51st Grammy Awards Ceremony held on 8 February 2009.
5]  Film career Hussain starred in the Merchant Ivory Film Heat and Dust in 1983, for which he also composed the score. He composed, performed and acted as Indian music advisor for the film Vanaprastham, a 1999 Cannes Film Festival entry which was nominated for the Grand Jury Prize at the AFI Los Angeles International Film Festival (AFI Fest) in 1999, and won awards at 2000 Istanbul International Film Festival (Turkey), 2000 Bombay International Film Festival (India), and 2000 National Film Awards (India).He has composed soundtracks for several movies, most notably In Custody and The Mystic Masseur by Ismail Merchant, and has played tabla on the soundtracks of Francis Coppola’s Apocalypse Now, Bernardo Bertolucci’s Little Buddha, and other films.  He starred in several films specifically showcasing his musical performance both solo and with different bands, including the 1998 documentary “Zakir and His Friends”, and the documentary “The Speaking Hand: Zakir Hussain and the Art of the Indian Drum” (2003 Sumantra Ghosal).;nbsp;Candidates are currently being accepted for the Wikimedia Board of Trustees Election. Become a candidate.
[Hide] [Help us with translations! ] Bismillah Khan From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search For the Afghan General, see Bismillah Khan Mohammadi. Bismillah Khan Ustad Bismillah Khan at Concert in 1964 Background information Birth nameQamaruddin BornMarch 21, 1916 OriginIndia DiedAugust 21, 2006 (aged 90) Genre(s) Indian classical music Occupation(s)Shehnai Instrument(s) Shehnai Ustad Bismillah Khan Sahib (March 21, 1916 – August 21, 2006) was an Indian shehnai maestro.He was the third classical musician to be awarded the Bharat Ratna (in 2001), the highest civilian honour in India. Contents [hide] •1 Early life and background o1. 1 Religious beliefs •2 Career o2. 1 Performances at Red Fort •3 Popular culture •4 Students •5 Personal life •6 Legacy •7 Awards and recognitions o7. 1 Awards o7. 2 Recognitions •8 Discography •9 References •10 External links  Early life and background Bismillah Khan was born at Bhirung Raut Ki Gali, in Dumraon, Bihar as the second son of Paigambar Khan and Mitthan.
He was named as Qamaruddin to rhyme with Shamsuddin, their first son. His grandfather, Rasool Baksh Khan uttered “Bismillah” (the basmala) after looking at the newborn, thus he was named Bismillah Khan.  His ancestors were court musicians and used to play in Naqqar khana in the princely states of Bhojpur, now in Bihar. His father was a shehnai player in the court of Maharaja Keshav Prasad Singh of Dumraon Estate, Bihar.
He received his training under his uncle, the late Ali Baksh ‘Vilayatu’, a shehnai player attached to Varanasi’s Vishwanath Temple.   Religious beliefsThough a pious Shi’ite Muslim, he was also, like many Indian musicians, regardless of religion, a devotee of Saraswati, the Hindu Goddess of wisdom and arts, and often played at Hindu temples, including the famous Vishwanath Temple in Varanasi, on the banks of the river Ganga.  He also performed for spiritual master Prem Rawat.
  Career Bismillah Khan was perhaps single handedly responsible for making the shehnai a famous classical instrument. He brought the shehnai to the center stage of Indian music with his concert in the Calcutta All India Music Conference in 1937.He was credited with having almost monopoly over the instrument as he and the shehnai are almost synonyms. Khan is one of the finest musicians in post-independent Indian Classical music and one of the best examples of Hindu-Muslim unity in India. He played in Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Europe, Iran, Iraq, Canada, West Africa, U.
S. , USSR, Japan, Hong Kong and almost every capital city across the world. His shehnai was so close to him that after the demise of his wife he began to refer to it as his begum, or wife. After his death, his shehnai was buried with him.
His concept of music was very beautiful and his vision, superb. He once said, “Even if the world ends, the music will still survive” and he often said, Music has no caste.  Performances at Red Fort Khan had the rare honor of performing at Delhi’s Red Fort on the eve of India’s Independence in 1947. He also performed Raga Kafi from the Red Fort on the eve of India’s first Republic Day ceremony, on January 26, 1950. His recital had become a cultural part of India’s Independence Day Celebrations, telecast on Doordarshan every year on August 15.
After the Prime Minister’s speech from Lal Qila (the Red Fort,) in Old Delhi, Doordarshan would broadcast a live performance by the shehnai maestro. This tradition dated from the days of Pandit Nehru.  Popular culture Khan had a brief association with movies.
He played the shehnai for Dr. Rajkumar’s role of Appanna in the movie Sanaadi Appanna. He acted in Jalsaghar, a movie by Satyajit Ray and provided sound of shehnai in Goonj Uthi Shehnai. Noted director Goutam Ghose directed Sange Meel Se Mulaqat, a documentary about the life of Khan.   StudentsKhan seldom accepted students. In 1985 he had a meeting with Satguru Jagjit Singh Ji (the present master of the Namdhari Sikhs), where he saw a talented young boy called Baljit Singh Namdhari playing the tarshenai, and welcomed him as a student. Ustad Bismillah Khan & Satguru Jagjit Singh Ji had great mutual respect for each other. In 1999 he adopted two more tarshenai students, named Kirpal Singh and Gurbaksh Singh Namdhari.
 Personal life On August 17, 2006, Khan was taken ill and admitted to the Heritage Hospital, Varanasi for treatment. 6] He died after four days on August 21, 2006 due to a cardiac arrest. He is survived by five sons, three daughters and a large number of grandchildren and great-grandchildren.  The Government of India declared a day of national mourning on his death. His body along with a Shehnai was buried at Fatemain burial ground of old Varanasi under a neem tree with 21-gun salute from Indian Army.
  Legacy Sangeet Natak Akademi, New Delhi, instituted the ‘Ustad Bismillah Khan Yuva Puraskar’ in 2007, in his honour. It is given to young artistes in the field of music, theatre and dance . edit] Awards and recognitions Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Bismillah Khan  Awards •Bharat Ratna (2001) •Fellow of Sangeet Natak Akademi (1994). •Talar Mausiquee from Republic of Iran (1992). •Padma Vibhushan (1980) •Padma Bhushan (1968) •Padma Shri (1961) •Sangeet Natak Akademi Award (1956) •Tansen Award by Govt.
of Madhya Pradesh. •Three medals in All India Music Conference, Calcutta (1937) •”Best Performer” in All India Music Conference, Allahabad (1930)  Recognitions Bismillah Khan had honorary doctorates from •Banaras Hindu University Visva Bharati University •Santiniketan. Others include •Was invited by the then Prime Minister of India Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru to play shehnai on the first Independence Day (August 15, 1947) in Delhi’s Red Fort. •Participated in World Exposition in Montreal •Participated in Cannes Art Festival •Participated in Osaka Trade Fair •His 80th birthday was celebrated by World Music Institute in New York  Discography Live in London •Sanaadi Appanna – Played shehnai for Dr. Rajkumar’s role in the movie. •Goonj Uthi Shehnai (1959) – Provided shehnai Maestro’s Choice (February 1994) •Megh Malhar, Vol.
4 (the other piece in the album is by Kishori Amonkar) (September 1994) •Live at the Queen Elizabeth Hall (September 2000) •Live in London, Vol. 2 (September 2000) Learn more about using Wikipedia for research. Candidates are currently being accepted for the Wikimedia Board of Trustees Election. Become a candidate. [Hide] [Help us with translations! ] Ravi Shankar From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search This biographical article needs additional citations for verification.Please help by adding reliable sources.
Contentious material about living persons that is unsourced or poorly sourced must be removed immediately, especially if potentially libelous or harmful. (May 2009) (Find sources: Ravi Shankar – news, books, scholar) For other persons named Ravi Shankar, see Ravi Shankar (disambiguation). Ravi Shankar Ravi Shankar Background information Birth nameRavi Shankar BornApril 7, 1920 (age 89) Ghazipur, United Provinces, British India Genre(s) Indian classical music Occupation(s)Composer, sitar player Instrument(s) SitarYears active1939 – present Label(s) Angel, Dark Horse Records, HMV, Private Music Associated actsUstad Alla Rakha Yehudi Menuhin WebsiteRaviShankar. org Notable instrument(s) Sitar Pandit Ravi Shankar (Bengali: ??? ???? , “Pandit” is honorific) (born April 7 1920) is an Indian sitar player and composer.
He is a disciple of Baba Allauddin Khan, the founder of the Maihar gharana of Hindustani classical music, and the father of Grammy-award-winning singer-songwriter Norah Jones and sitar player Anoushka Shankar. Ravi Shankar is a leading Indian instrumentalist of the modern era.He has been a longtime musical collaborator of tabla-players Ustad Allah Rakha, Kishan Maharaj and intermittently also of sarod-player Ustad Ali Akbar Khan. His collaborations with violinist Yehudi Menuhin, film maker Satyajit Ray, and The Beatles (in particular, George Harrison) added to his international reputation. He has received many awards throughout his career, including three Grammy Awards and an Academy Award nomination. In 1999, Ravi Shankar was awarded the Bharat Ratna award, India’s highest civilian honour, and the Ramon Magsaysay Award in 1992 . Contents [hide] 1 Personal life and education •2 Musical career •3 Teaching •4 Honours •5 Discography •6 Films •7 Bibliography •8 References •9 External links  Personal life and education Ravi Shankar was born in Benares, India. His family came from Narail, Jessore district, East Bengal, now in Bangladesh.
His first wife, sitarist Annapurna Devi is the daughter of his teacher, Ustad Alauddin Khan. Their son, Shubhendra Shankar (1942-92), was also a musician.  Shankar had two other children, singer Norah Jones in 1979 with Sue Jones and sitarist Anoushka Shankar in 1981 with Sukanya Shankar.
Shankar is the brother of dancer and choreographer, Uday Shankar, with whom he gave stage shows as a child artist. He is the uncle of Indian musician Ananda Shankar and of the Indian dancer and actress Mamata Shankar. The Tamil violinist L. Shankar is not related to Ravi, while Lakshmi Shankar a Hindustani classical vocalist married his uncle Rajendra Shankar.  Musical career Ravi Shankar has been on stage from the age of 10 and has travelled widely a dancer and a musician. He performed publicly in India in 1939.
He finished his formal training in 1944 and worked out of Mumbai (Bombay).He began writing scores for film and ballet and started a recording career with HMV’s Indian affiliate. He became music director of All India Radio in the 1950s. From 1946 onwards he composed music for films. Some of his scores include the ones for Satyajit Ray’s Apu Trilogy and Richard Attenborough’s Gandhi. He also composed the tune for Saare Jahan Se Achcha.
Ravi Shankar then became well known to the music world outside India, first performing in the former Soviet Union in 1954 and then the West in 1956. He performed in major events such as the Monterey Pop Festival and at major venues such as the Royal Festival Hall.Already performing in major concert halls all around the world, Shankar, having attained pop cultural fame, was invited to play venues that were unusual for a classical musician, such as the 1967 Monterey Pop Festival in Monterey, California, with Ustad Allah Rakha on tabla. He also performed at the Woodstock Festival in 1969, and with George Harrison was one of the organizers of The Concert for Bangladesh in 1971, in an attempt to raise awareness of the growing crisis (see 1970 Bhola cyclone, and Bangladesh Liberation War. Ravi Shankar asked George Harrison for his help to raise funds for Bangladesh.
Ravi Shankar ; Friends co-headlined Harrison’s 1974 tour of North America with mixed reviews. His final working album with Harrison was on a 1997 album, Chants of India, where Harrison developed an interest in chant music. After Harrison’s death on 29 November in 2001, Shankar, his daughter, Anoushka, along with Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr, Jeff Lynne, Eric Clapton, Tom Petty, Billy Preston, among many others attended the Concert for George in London, where Shankar dedicated the memorial to Harrison. Shankar has criticized facets of the Western reception of Indian music.On a trip to San Francisco’s Haight-Ashbury district after performing in Monterey, Shankar wrote, “I felt offended and shocked to see India being regarded so superficially and its great culture being exploited.
Yoga, Tantra, mantra, kundalini, ganja, hashish, Kama Sutra? They all became part of a cocktail that everyone seemed to be lapping up! ” In 1969 he published an English language autobiography, “My Music, My Life”. Shankar has written two concertos for sitar and orchestra. His 3rd concerto was given its first performance on January 31, 2009 by the Orpheus Chamber Orchestra and his daughter Anoushka Shankar.The piece is scored for solo sitar and orchestra consisting of piccolo, oboe, English horn, clarinet, bassoon, horn, trumpet, timpani, 2 percussionists, harp and strings. In the first two concertos, Shankar doubled as composer and soloist.
To meet the challenge of notating Indian musical concepts in Western notation, Shankar enlisted Welsh conductor David Murphy to help transcribe the work into an orchestral score. He has written violin-sitar compositions for Yehudi Menuhin and himself, music for flute virtuoso Jean-Pierre Rampal, music for Hozan Yamamoto, master of the shakuhachi (Japanese flute), and koto virtuoso Musumi Miyashita.He has composed extensively for films and ballets in India, Canada, Europe, and the United States, including Chappaqua, Charly, Gandhi (for which he was nominated for an Academy Award), and the Apu Trilogy. His recording Tana Mana, released on the Private Music label in 1987, penetrated the New Age genre with its unique combination of traditional instruments with electronics. In 2002, Ravi composed a piece for “The Concert for George. ” He did not play at the concert, but his daughter Anoushka led an ensemble of Indian musicians in the piece.
The classical composer Philip Glass acknowledges Shankar as a major influence, and the two collaborated to produce Passages, a recording of compositions in which each reworks themes composed by the other. Shankar also composed the sitar part in Glass’s 2004 composition Orion. Ravi Shankar has homes in Encinitas, California and New Delhi, Delhi, India.  Teaching This article may contain wording that promotes the subject subjectively, without imparting verifiable information.
Please remove or replace such wording, unless you can cite independent sources that support the characterization.Some of his well-known students are George Harrison, Kartik Kumar, Chandrakant Sardeshmukh, Deepak Chowdhury, Harihar Rao, Amiya Das Gupta, Shamim Ahmed, Partho Sarathy, Vishwa Mohan Bhatt, Manju Mehta, Shubhendra Rao, Kartik Seshadri, Stephen Slavek, Stephen James, Tarun Bhattacharya, Jaya Bose, and David Murphy. His daughter Anoushka started learning from him at the age of 8 and frequently accompanies him in concerts in addition to her solo performances.  Honours Shankar is an honorary member of the International Rostrum of Composers.He has received many awards and honours from his own country and from all over the world, including 14 honorary doctorates, the Padma Vibhushan, Desikottam, the Magsaysay Award from Manila, three Grammy Awards, the Fukuoka Asian Culture Prize (Grand Prize) from Japan, and the Crystal Award from Davos, with the title “Global Ambassador”, to name but some.
In 1986 he was nominated to be a member of the Rajya Sabha, India’s upper house of Parliament, for six years. In 2002, he was conferred the inaugural Indian Chamber of Commerce Lifetime Achievement Award.The Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honour, was awarded to him in 1999. In 1998 he was awarded the Polar Music Prize with Ray Charles.
He shared an Academy Award nomination with George Fenton for Best Original Score to Gandhi (1982). Help us improve Wikipedia by supporting it financially. Candidates are currently being accepted for the Wikimedia Board of Trustees Election. Become a candidate. [Hide] [Help us with translations! ] Sonu Nigam From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Sonu Nigam Background information BornJuly 30, 1973 (age 35) Faridabad, Haryana, IndiaGenre(s) Pop, playback singing Occupation(s)Singer, Actor, Music Director, Television presenter, Radio Jockey Instrument(s) Vocals Years active1985 – present Websitesonuniigaam. in Sonu Nigam or Sonu Niigaam (Punjabi: ???? ????? ; born July 30, 1973 in Faridabad, Haryana, India) is a highly acclaimed Indian playback singer whose songs have been featured in numerous Bollywood and Kannada movies. He has also released numerous Indi-pop albums and acted in a few Hindi feature films. He has changed the spelling of his last name from ‘Nigam’ to ‘Niigaam’ in accordance with numerology.
2] Contents [hide] •1 Career o1. 1 Early years and playback singing o1. 2 Pop albums and concerts o1.
3 Television, radio and acting o1. 4 Future projects •2 Personal life And Voluntary Work •3 Awards •4 Discography •5 Filmography •6 References •7 External links  Career  Early years and playback singing Sonu Nigam began his singing career at the age of three, when he joined his father on stage to sing Mohammad Rafi’s “Kya Hua Tera Wada. ” From then on, Sonu accompanied his father on his singing appearances at weddings and parties.In his teenage years, Nigam participated in several music competitions successfully. He moved to Mumbai with his father to begin his Bollywood singing career at the age of 19.  His initial years in Mumbai proved to be a struggle, beginning by singing covers of Mohammad Rafi songs, mainly for a number of “Rafi Ki Yaadein” albums released by T-Series. T-Series promoter Gulshan Kumar played a key role in identifying Sonu’s talent and giving him a chance to reach a larger audience. These albums contributed to T-Series for some years although Sonu’s singing style was regarded by some as like a “Rafi clone.
Nigam’s first movie song as a playback singer was in the film Janam (1990), which was never officially released. Sonu also got a break in several radio commercials until he appeared on the popular TV show Sa Re Ga Ma, after which there was no turning back. The format of that show gave him a chance to showcase his singing skills including his later well-known natural charm and audience appeal. Then he sang “Accha Sila Diya” on the album Bewafa Sanam (1995), which established his status as a recognized playback singer. 3] Sonu then started hosting Sa Re Ga Ma, a television singing talent competition, which soon became one of the most popular shows on Indian television.
The first episode of “Sa Re Ga Ma” was aired on May 1, 1995. Singing offers poured in thereafter, albeit slowly at first. He rose to fame with the Anu Malik composed song “Sandese Aate Hain,” in Border in 1997.
Sonu’s image as a Rafi clone changed after his rendition of the Nadeem-Shravan composed song “Yeh Dil Deewana” in Pardes in the same year. Since then, he has created a unique style of his own, and has become a role model for emerging vocal talent in India. 3] Over the years, Sonu has become a major force in the Indian music industry. He has provided playback singing for a large number of Hindi movies and won many awards. His rendition of the title song of the film Kal Ho Na Ho has been highly popular and is considered a modern legend of sorts. He is recognised for his versatile voice as well as excellent emotion range. Sonu has sung with clear pronunciations, in many languages besides Hindi, including Bengali, Oriya, Kannada, Punjabi,Tamil, Telugu, English, Bhojpuri, Urdu, Nepali and Marathi. 3] He remains particularly popular in Southern India for his Kannada songs and has won a few awards in this particular industry.
His 2008 playback songs include songs from Yuvvraaj and Rab Ne Bana Di Jodi. In the latter, he pays tribute to Bollywood actors of the past like Raj Kapoor, Rajesh Khanna, Shammi Kapoor, Dev Anand and Rishi Kapoor. The song is in a Shahrukh Khan film and the music direction is by Salim-Sulaiman.
 Pop albums and concerts Nigam in concert Sonu has released a number of pop albums, both in Hindi and in Punjabi. The very recent addition to this list is “Classically Mild”. 4] He has also released several devotional albums, both Hindu and Islamic ones, as well as albums of Mohammad Rafi’s songs. These are from the “Rafi Ki Yaadein” collection in his early years, although they have been re-released in September 2007 as a 6-disc collection of 100 songs , titled “Kal Aaj Aur Kal”, in Mohammad Rafi’s memory. .
In 2008, soon after releasing “Classically Mild”, he released a single Punjabi track called “Punjabi Please”, and “Rafi Resurrected”, a 2-disc collection of Mohammad Rafi songs with music by the Birmingham Symphony Orchestra.Over the years. Sonu has given concert performances in many countries, including United States, Canada, UK, France, Germany, Belgium, Holland, Spain, Australia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Russia, Afghanistan, UAE, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bangkok, Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, West Indies, Mauritius, Nigeria and South Africa. In May/June 2007, he participated in a star-studded show in North America called “The Incredibles” in which famed Asha Bhonsle and recent singing sensations, Kunal Ganjawala and Kailash Kher, participated.
In September and October, respectively, of the same year, he gave solo concerts titled, “Simply Sonu”, in Canada and Germany, (becoming the first Indian singer to perform in the latter country).  In April 2008, he did a marathon of concerts in various cities in India, promoting his Punjabi single “Punjabi Please”.  In November 2007, at the inauguration of Harvard University’s 28th president, Dr. Drew Gilpin Faust, Sonu sang with the Harvard College Sangeet the late Mahatma Gandhi’s favorite bhajan, ” Vaishnav Jan To Tene Kahiye”. 9] In July 2008, he participated in a three-city tour of the United Kingdom, singing numerous famous Mohammad Rafi songs with the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra.
 This followed the release of these songs by the CBSO and the Indian music company Sa Re Ga Ma in a historic album entitled “Rafi Resurrected”.   Television, radio and acting Besides “Sa Re Ga Ma,” Sonu Nigam also hosted the TV show “Kisme Kitna Hai Dum” and has appeared as a celebrity talent judge on the show Indian Idol (aired on Sony Entertainment Television) seasons 1 and 2.Sonu returned to Indian Idol in its third and fourth seasons as a judge. He was also a celebrity judge on Amul Star Voice of India in August 2007 in season 1 and in December 2008 in season 2. In October 2007, Sonu returned to the sets of Sa Re Ga Ma Pa (formerly called Sa Re Ga Ma and again hosted by himself) in a historical moment of sorts, this time as a judge along with Suresh Wadkar. This was for the Sa Re Ga Ma Pa L’il Champs International part of the show.
 In 2006, Sonu also hosted his own radio show called ‘Life Ki Dhun With Sonu Niigaam’ on Radiocity 91. FM, where he had the opportunity to interview several music industry greats, including the legendary Lata Mangeshkar.  Sonu’s acting career started as a child artist in a number of films including 1983’s Betaab. As an adult, Sonu has acted in a few more films, namely Jaani Dushman: Ek Anokhi Kahani alongside Sunny Deol, Manisha Koirala and Akshay Kumar as well as other actors; Kash Aap Hamare Hote, where he plays the male lead opposite Juhi Babbar, daughter of Raj Babbar; and most recently, Love in Nepal with ‘Flora Saini’ and ‘Sweta Keswani,’ where he again plays a leading role.However it is to be said that all three films have not done well at the box-office. although his acting was much better appreciated in his last venture. He has not taken up acting since his last venture Love in Nepal, but has recently been said to be involved in another film as a lead actor.
The film, called ‘Ankhon Ankhon Mein’ is supposedly about a blind singer.  Future projects His future projects include an English album called “Spirit Unfolding”.  He may be acting in a new film called Ankhon Hi Ankhon Mein, about a blind singer, although he has not officially signed it yet. 16] He is also doing playback singing for a number of upcoming films, including Chandan Arora’s Striker, Yaariyan, Run Mein Fun and Three Idiots starring Aamir Khan, with Shantanu Moitra as music director. He is also singing for the film Blue with international artist Kylie Minogue with Oscar winner A.
R. Rahman as music director. In a recent interview, he confirmed that he is working on a new Kannada album to be released this year and is thinking about a project on Manna Dey. He also revealed that there are plans for the Rafi Resurrected concerts to happen in the rest of Europe, the United States and India soon. 17]  Personal life And Voluntary Work Sonu was born to Mr Agam Kumar Nigam and Mrs Shobha Nigam on July 30, 1973 in Faridabad, Haryana, India. He attended the J.
D. Tytler School. He has two sisters, Meenal and Neekita. Sonu is very close to his parents.
Both his father and mother are good singers, and in 2005 and 2007 his father released two highly popular albums, “Bewafaai” and “Phir Bewafaai”, respectively. Neekita is also a singer. She has sung a few playback songs and appeared on a few stage shows with Sonu. Sonu married Madhurima on 15 February 2002.  They have a son, Nevaan, born on July 25, 2007. 19] He is very much into fitness and yoga exercises, and has even trained in taekwondo.
 He claims to be spiritual rather than religious.  He used to be keen at his studies in his younger age and enjoys reading. He also enjoys mimicry and commonly mimics other singers in Bollywood. Sonu has done various charity work all over India as well as abroad for Dignity Foundation, Cancer organizations, Leprosy organizations, Blindness organizations, Women’s welfare organizations, Kargil war affected families, Earthquake affected families. He also sponsors a child from the organization “Crayon”. You can support Wikipedia by making a tax-deductible donation. Candidates are currently being accepted for the Wikimedia Board of Trustees Election. Become a candidate.
[Hide] [Help us with translations! ] Birju Maharaj From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Birju Maharaj BornFebruary 4, 1938 (age 71) Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh OriginIndia Genre(s) Indian classical music Occupation(s)Classical dancer Brijmohan Nath Mishra popularly known as Pandit Birju Maharaj (born February 4, 1938) is currently the leading exponent of the Lucknow Kalka-Bindadin gharana of Kathak dance in India.He is a descendant of the legendary Maharaj family of Kathak dancers, including his two uncles, Shambhu Maharaj and Lachhu Maharaj, and his father and guru, Acchan Maharaj. Even though dancing is his first love, he also has an excellent command over Hindustani classical music and is an accomplished vocalist as well.
He took Kathak to new heights by choreographing new Kathak dance dramas. He has toured extensively across the globe, given thousands of performances and held hundreds of workshops for kathak students. Contents [hide] •1 Early life and background 2 Career •3 Awards and honours •4 Filmography •5 See also •6 References •7 External links  Early life and background Birju Maharaj was born in the house of noted Kathak exponent, Jagannath Maharaj, popularly known as Achchan Maharaj of Lucknow Gharana, who served as court dancer in Raigarh princely state . Birju, was trained by his uncles, Lachhu Maharaj and Shambhu Maharaj and his father, and he gave his first recital at the age of seven. On 20 May 1947, his father died when he was nine .  After a few years of struggle, his family moved to Delhi. edit] Career Birju Maharaj started teaching the dance form at the young age of thirteen, at the Sangeet Bharti in New Delhi.
He then taught at the Bharatiya Kala Kendra in Delhi, and at the Kathak Kendra (a unit of the Sangeet Natak Akademi) where he was Head of Faculty, and Director, retiring in 1998  to start his own Kathak and Indian fine arts academy, Kalashram. He composed the music, and sang, for two dance sequences in the Satyajit Ray’s Shatranj ke Khilari, and choreographed the song Kaahe Chhed Mohe from the 2002 film version of Devdas.He has three daughters and two sons, of whom Mamta Maharaj, Deepak Maharaj and Jai Kishan Maharaj are Kathak dancers.
 Awards and honours Birju Maharaj has won many accolades, including Padma Vibhushan in 1986, Sangeet Natak Akademi award and the Kalidas Samman. He also received honorary Doctorate degrees from the Banaras Hindu University(Varanasi) and the Khairagarh University. He was the recipient of the Lata Mangeshkar Puraskaar in 2002.  Filmography Music composition and choreography •Devdas, 2002 •Gadar, 2001 •Dil To Pagal Hai, 1997 •Shatranj Ke Khiladi, 1977Make a donation to Wikipedia and give the gift of knowledge! Candidates are currently being accepted for the Wikimedia Board of Trustees Election. Become a candidate. [Hide] [Help us with translations! ] Lata Mangeshkar From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Lata Mangeshkar BornSeptember 28, 1929 (age 79) Indore, India Genre(s) Film music (playback singing), Indian classical music Occupation(s)Singer Instrument(s) Vocalist Years active1942 – present Lata Mangeshkar (Marathi: ??? ??????? ; born September 28, 1929) is a singer from India.She is one of the best-known playback singers in the Hindi film industry. Mangeshkar’s career started in 1942 and has spanned over six and a half decades.
She sang in over thousand Bollywood movies and has sung songs in over twenty regional Indian languages, but primarily in Hindi. She is the elder sister of the equally accomplished singer Asha Bhosle and lesser-known singers, brother Hridayanath Mangeshkar and sisters Usha Mangeshkar and Meena Mangeshkar. Lata is the second vocalist ever to have received the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honour.
1] Mangeshkar was featured in the Guinness Book of World Records from 1974 to 1991 for having made the most recordings in the world. The claim was that she has recorded no less than 25,000 solo, duet, and chorus-backed songs in 20 Indian languages between 1948 to 1974 (30,000 songs between 1948 and 1987, according to 1987 edition). Over the years, while several sources have supported this claim, others have raised concerns over its veracity, claiming that this number was highly exaggerated and that Mangeshkar’s sister, Asha Bhosle, had more song recordings than she had. Contents [hide] •1 Biography o1. 1 Early life 1.
2 Early movie career in the 1940s o1. 3 Rise in the 1950s o1. 4 1960s o1.
5 1970s o1. 6 1980s onwards •2 Non-singing career o2. 1 Music direction o2. 2 Production •3 Awards and recognitions •4 See also •5 References •6 Further reading •7 External links  Biography  Early life Lata Mangeshkar was born in a Marathi speaking family in Sikh Mohalla, Indore, in the State of Madhya Pradesh. Her father, Pandit Deenanath Mangeshkar who belonged to a Konkani speaking Kalavant Family from Goa, was a classical singer and theater actor.
Her mother Shudhhamati, who was from Thalner, was Deenanath’s second wife.The family’s last name used to be Hardikar; Deenanath changed it to Mangeshkar in order to identify his family with his native town, Mangeshi in Goa. Lata was named “Hema” at her birth. Her parents later renamed her Lata after a female character, Latika, in one of her father’s plays, BhaawBandhan.  Lata is the eldest child of her parents. Asha, Hridayanath, Usha, and Meena are her siblings in sequence.
Lata took her first music lessons from her father. At the age of five, she started to work as an actress in her father’s musical plays (sangeet naatak in Marathi).Her father’s recitals and lessons left a strong impression on her, as did the songs of K. L.
Saigal, who was her favorite singer and idol. Her formal education was limited to one day in the school. On the first day in the school, she started teaching songs to other children. When the teacher stopped her, she was so angry that she stopped going to the school.  Other sources cite that she left school because they would not allow her to bring Asha with her, as she would often bring her younger sister with her.  Early movie career in the 1940s In 1942, when Lata was 13, her father died of heart disease.
Master Vinayak (Vinayak Damodar Karnataki), the owner of Navyug Chitrapat movie company and a close friend of the Mangeshkar family, took care of them. He helped Lata get started in a career as a singer and actress. Lata sang the song “Naachu Yaa Gade, Khelu Saari Mani Haus Bhaari,” which was composed by Sadashivrao Nevrekar for Vasant Joglekar’s Marathi-language movie Kiti Hasaal (1942), but the song was dropped from the final cut. Master Vinayak gave her a small role in Navyug Chitrapat’s Marathi movie Pahili Mangalaa-gaur (1942), in which she sang “Natali Chaitraachi Navalaai,” which was composed by Dada Chandekar. 2] Her first Hindi song was Mata Ek Sapoot Ki Duniya Badal De Tu for the Marathi film, Gajaabhaau (1943).
Lata moved to Mumbai in 1945 when Master Vinayak’s company moved its headquarters there. She started taking lessons in Hindustani classical music from Ustad Amanat Ali Khan Bhendibazaarwale. She sang “Paa Lagoon Kar Jori” for Vasant Joglekar’s Hindi-language movie Aap Ki Seva Mein (1946), which was composed by Datta Davjekar. Lata and her sister Asha played minor roles alongside actress Noor Jehan in Master Vinayak’s first Hindi-language movie, Badi Maa (1945).In that movie, Lata also sang a bhajan (religious song), “Maata Tere Charnon Mein. ” She was introduced to music director Vasant Desai during the recording of Master Vinayak’s second Hindi-language movie, Subhadra (1946).
Following the partition of India in 1947, Ustad Amanat Ali Khan Bhendibazaarwale migrated to newly formed Pakistan, so Lata started to learn classical music under Amanat Khan Devaswale. Pandit Tulsidas Sharma, a pupil of Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan, also trained her. After Master Vinayak’s death in 1948, music director Ghulam Haider mentored Lata as a singer.In those days, Noor Jehan, Shamshad Begum, and Zohrabai Ambalewali, with their rather heavy and often nasal voices, were the popular female singers in Hindi movies. Haider introduced Lata to producer Sashadhar Mukherjee, who was working then on the movie Shaheed (1948), but Mukherjee dismissed her voice as “too thin. “ An annoyed Haider responded that in the coming years the producers and the directors would “fall at Lata’s feet” and “beg her” to sing in their movies. Haider gave Lata her first major break with the song “Dil Mera Toda,” from the movie Majboor (1948). 2] Initially, Lata imitated Noor Jehan, who was then the most popular singer, but later she developed her own style of singing.
 Lyrics of songs in Hindi movies are primarily composed by Urdu poets and contain a higher proportion of Urdu words, including the dialogue. Actor Dilip Kumar once made a mildly disapproving remark about Lata’s Maharashtrian accent while singing Hindi/Urdu songs; so for a period of time, Lata took lessons in Urdu from an Urdu teacher named Shafi.  “Aayega Aanewaala,” a song in the popular movie Mahal (1949) proved a turning point for her. The song was composed by music director Khemchand Prakash and lip-synced on screen by actress Madhubala).  Rise in the 1950s In the 1950s, Lata sang songs composed by various acclaimed music directors of the period, including Anil Biswas, Shankar-Jaikishan, Naushad, S.
D. Burman, C. Ramchandra, Hemant Kumar, Salil Chowdhury, Khayyam, Ravi, Sajjad Hussain, Roshan, Kalyanji-Anandji,Vasant Desai, Sudhir Phadke, Hansraj Behl, Madan Mohan, and Usha Khanna. (Acclaimed music director O.
P. Nayyar was an exception who favored Lata’s sister Asha Bhosle as the singer of many of his compositions. Mangeshkar sang many raga-based songs for Naushad in movies such as Baiju Bawra (1952), Mughal-E-Azam (1960), and Kohinoor (1960). Ae Chorre Ki Jaat Badi Bewafa, a duet with G. M. Durrani, was Lata’s first song for composer, Naushad. The duo, Shankar-Jaikishan, chose Lata as the female singer in practically all movies for which they scored, primarily for Raj Kapoor.
These movies include Aag, Aah (1953), Shree 420 (1955), and Chori Chori (1956). Before 1957, composer Sachin Dev (S. D. ) Burman chose Lata as the leading female singer for his musical scores in many movies, including Sazaa (1951), House No. 4 (1955), and Devdas (1955). However a rift developed between Lata and Burman in 1957, and Lata did not sing Burman’s compositions again until 1962.
 Instead, from 1957 to 1962, Burman used Geeta Dutt and Lata’s sister Asha Bhosle as his primary female playback singers. Salil Chowdhury was among Lata’s favorite composers during the 1950s. She won her first Filmfare Best Female Playback Award for Chowdhury’s composition “Aaja Re Pardesi,” from Madhumati (1958).  1960s The 1960s thrust Lata Mangeshkar to being known as the undisputed leading female playback singer in Hindi cinema.She recorded songs for nearly every major composer of the period, and many of these songs continue to be popular. In 1960, her song Pyar Kiya To Darna Kya from Mughal-E-Azam (1960), composed by Naushad and picturized on Madhubala, was particularly popular. The Hawaiian-themed number Ajeeb Dastaan Hai Yeh from Dil Apna Aur Preet Parai (1960), composed by Shankar-Jaikishan and picturized on Meena Kumari, also became a hit. In 1961, Mangeshkar took the first step on the road to reconciliation with S.
D. Burman, as she recorded a bhajan, Allah Tero Naam, for Burman’s assistant, Jaidev.In 1962, she bagged her second Filmfare Award for the song Kahin Deep Jale Kahin Dil from Bees Saal Baad, composed by Hemant Kumar. On June 27, 1963, against the backdrop of the Sino-Indian War, Lata sang the patriotic song Ae Mere Watan Ke Logon (literally, “Oh, the People of My Country”) in the presence of Jawaharlal Nehru, then the Prime Minister of India. The song, composed by C. Ramchandra and written by Pradeep, is said to have brought the Prime Minister to tears.  In 1963, Mangeshkar returned to collaboration with S.
D.Burman, mainly as a result of a truce brokered by Burman’s son and assistant (and her future brother-in-law) R. D. Burman.
She recorded several popular songs for S. D. Burman, including Aaj Phir Jeene Ki Tamanna Hai, Gata Rahe Mera Dil (duet with Kishore Kumar) and Piya Tose from Guide (1965), and Hothon Pe Aisi Baat from Jewel Thief (1967).
During the 1960s, Lata Mangeshkar also sang several for one of her favorite composers, Madan Mohan. Some of their notable songs include Aap Ki Nazron Ne Samjha from Anpadh (1962), Lag Ja Gale and Naina Barse Rim Jhim from Woh Kaun Thi? 1964), Woh Chup Rahen To from Jahan Ara (1964), and Tu Jahan Jahan Chalega from Mera Saaya (1966). The 1960s also witnessed the beginning of Mangeshkar’s association with Laxmikant-Pyarelal, the music directors for whom she sang the most songs in her career. She is considered largely responsible for advancing their music career, including a recording for their first film, Parasmani (1963). She also sang several playback songs for Marathi films, composed by notable Marathi music directors including Hridaynath Mangeshkar, Vasant Prabhu, Srinivas Khale, Sudhir Phadke and herself (under the name Anandghan).During the 1960s and 1970s, she also sang several popular Bengali songs, composed by music directors like Salil Chowdhury and Hemant Kumar. Lata Mangeshkar has recorded duets with all the leading male singers of her era, including Mukesh, Manna Dey, Mohammed Rafi, and Kishore Kumar.
From the 1960s, she was not on good terms with Mohammed Rafi, the leading male playback singer of that time, over the issue of royalty payments to singers. Lata wanted Rafi to back her in demanding a half-share from the five percent song royalty that the film’s producer conceded to select composers. 4] But Rafi took a diametrically opposite view, and believed that a playback singer’s claim on the filmmaker ended with the payment of the agreed fee for the song. During the recording of the song Tasveer Teri Dil Mein (Maya, 1961), Lata lost her cool with Rafi in a certain passage of the song. Rafi felt belittled, as the music director Salil Chowdhury chose to back Lata.  The situation worsened as Lata Mangeshkar declared that she would no longer sing with Rafi.
Rafi stated that he was only as keen to sing with Lata as she was with him. 5] Later, at the insistence of S. D. Burman, the two decided to make up and sing duets, but on a personal level, they were not on good terms.
 1970s In 1972, Meena Kumari’s last film, Pakeezah was released. It featured popular songs including Chalte Chalte and Inhi Logon Ne sung by Lata Mangeshkar, and composed by Ghulam Mohammed. She recorded many popular songs for S. D. Burman’s last films, including Rangeela Re from Prem Pujari (1970), Khilte Hain Gul Yahaan from Sharmeelee (1971), and Piya Bina from Abhimaan (1973).Lata Mangeshkar’s most notable songs in 1970s were composed by Laxmikant-Pyarelal (Laxmi-Pyare) and Rahul Dev Burman. She recorded several songs composed by Laxmi-Pyare in 1960s and 1970s, many of them written by the lyricst Anand Bakshi. She also recorded many hit songs with Rahul Dev Burman in the films Amar Prem (1972), Caravan (1971), Kati Patang(1971), and Aandhi (1975).
The two are noted for their songs with the lyricists Majrooh Sultanpuri, Anand Bakshi and Gulzar. In 1973, she won the National Film Award for Best Female Playback Singer for the song Beeti Na Bitai from the film Parichay, composed by R.D. Burman, and written by Gulzar.
In 1975, she again won the same award, this time for the song Roothe Roothe Piya from the film Kora Kagaz, composed by Kalyanji-Anandji. From 1970s onwards, Lata Mangeshkar has also staged many concerts in India and abroad, including several charity concerts. Her first concert overseas was at the Royal Albert Hall, London, in 1974. She also released an album of Mirabai’s bhajans, Chala Vaahi Des, composed by her brother Hridayanath Mangeshkar.
Some of the bhajans in the album include Saanware Rang Raachi and Ud Jaa Re Kaaga.In late 1970s and early 1980s, she worked with the children of composers she had earlier worked with. Some of these composers included Rahul Dev Burman (son of Sachin Dev Burman), Rajesh Roshan (son of Roshan), Anu Malik (son of Sardar Malik), and Anand-Milind (sons of Chitragupt).  1980s onwards 1980s onwards, Lata Mangeshkar got selective and cut down on her film singing.
She recorded mainly for films by well-known banners, such as Yash Raj Films, and Rajshri Productions. She worked with many new music directors, including Shiv-Hari, Ram Laxman, and A.R. Rahman. She also recorded some non-film songs, including ghazals with Jagjit Singh.
In 1981, she recorded her first duet with S P Balasubrahmanyam for the film Ek Duje Ke Liye. In 1990, Mangeshkar launched her own production house for Hindi movies. Its first (and only movie), Lekin, flopped. However, she won her third National Film Award for Best Female Playback Singer for her song Yaara Sili Sili from the film. During the 1990s, she became very choosy.
Some of her songs in this period were with music directors like Jatin-Lalit, Nadeem-Shravan, and more.Mangeshkar has sung for almost all the Yash Chopra films, and films from his production house Yash Raj Films, including Chandni (1989), Lamhe (1991), Darr (1993), Yeh Dillagi (1994), Dilwale Dulhaniya Le Jayenge (1995), Dil To Pagal Hai (1997) and later on Mohabbatein (2000), “Mujhse Dosti Karoge”” (2002) and Veer Zaara (2004). The Yash Raj Films banner’s songs have been known for their romantic melodies identified with Mangeshkar’s voice, and songs such as Kabhi Main Kahun, Hothon Pe Bas , Hogaya Hai Tujhko, Humko Hamise Churalo and Tere Liye have become classics. A. R.
Rahman recorded a few songs with Mangeshkar during this period, the more popular songs include “Jiya Jale” (Dil Se, featuring Preity Zinta), “Khamoshiyan Gungunane Lagin” (One Two Ka Four), “Ek Tu Hi Bharosa” (Pukar), “Pyaara Sa Gaon” (Zubeidaa) and “O Paalanhaare” (Lagaan). In 1999, Lata Eau De Parfum, a perfume brand named after her, was launched.  In 1999, she was nominated as a member of Rajya Sabha.  However, she did not attend the Rajya Sabha sessions regularly, inviting criticism from several members of the House, including the Deputy Chairperson Najma Heptullah, Pranab Mukherjee and Shabana Azmi. 8] She stated the reason for her absence as ill-health; it was also reported that she had not taken a salary, allowance or a house in Delhi for being a Member of Parliament.
 In 2001, Lata Mangeshkar was awarded Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honor. In the same year, she established the Master Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital in Pune, managed by the Lata Mangeshkar Medical Foundation (founded by the Mangeshkar family in October 1989). In 2005, she designed a jewellery collection called Swaranjali, which was crafted by Adora, an Indian diamond export company. Five pieces from the collection raised ? 05,000 at a Christie’s auction, and a part of the money was donated for the 2005 Pakistan earthquake relief.  Also in 2001, she recorded her first Hindi song with the composer Ilaiyaraaja, for the film Lajja (2001); she had earlier recorded Tamil and Telugu songs composed by Ilaiyaraaja. In 2000s, Lata Mangeshkar, along with other residents of the Peddar Road area in Mumbai, opposed the construction of a flyover in the area, creating a controversy. She believed that construction of the flyover would increase air and noise pollution in the area, and threatened to quit the city if the flyover was built. 12] In 2006, it was reported that she and her sister Asha Bhosle had purchased apartments in Parel and were planning to move out of Peddar Road.
 Lata Mangeshkar’s song Wada Na Tod is also heard playing in the background of the film Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (2004) and can be found on the film’s soundtrack. On June 21, 2007, she released an album Saadgi, featuring eight ghazal-like songs written by Javed Akhtar and composed by Mayuresh Pai.   Non-singing career  Music direction Lata Mangeshkar composed music for the first time in 1955 for movie “Ram Ram Pavhane”.Later in 1960s, she composed music for following Marathi movies under the pseudonym of “Anand Ghan”.  •1950 – Ram Ram Pavhana •1963 – Maratha Tituka Melvava •1963 – Mohityanchi Manjula •1965 – Sadhi Manase •1969 – Tambadi Mati She won Maharashtra State Government’s Best Music Director Award for the film Sadhi Manase. The song Airanichya deva tula from the same film received best song award.  Production Lata Mangeshkar has produced four films: •1953 – Vaadal (Marathi) •1953 – Jhaanjhar (Hindi), co-produced with C. Ramchandra •1955 – Kanchan (Hindi) 1990 – Lekin (Hindi)  Awards and recognitions Main article: Awards conferred on Lata Mangeshkar Lata Mangeshkar has won several awards and honors, including Padma Bhushan (1969), Padma Vibhushan (1999), Dada Saheb Phalke Award (1989), NTR National Award (1999), Bharat Ratna (2001), three National Film Awards, and 12 Bengal Film Journalists’ Association Awards.
She has also won four Filmfare Best Female Playback Awards. In 1969, she made the unusual gesture of giving up the Filmfare Best Female Playback Award, in order to promote fresh talent.She was later awarded Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award in 1993.
In 1984, the State Government of Madhya Pradesh instituted the Lata Mangeshkar Award in honor of Lata Mangeshkar. The State Government of Maharashtra also instituted a Lata Mangeshkar Award in 1992. In 1974, The Guinness Book of Records listed Lata Mangeshkar as the most recorded artist in the history, stating that she had reportedly recorded “not less than 25,000 solo, duet and chorus backed songs in 20 Indian languages” between 1948 and 1974.Her record was contested by Mohammed Rafi, who was claimed to have sung around 28,000 songs.
 After Rafi’s death, in its 1984 edition, the Guinness Book of World Records stated Lata Mangeshkar’s name for the “Most Recordings”, but also stated Rafi’s claim. The later editions of Guinness Book stated that Lata Mangeshkar had sung no fewer than 30,000 songs between 1948 and 1987. Although the entry has not been printed in Guinness editions since 1991, reputable sources claim that she has recorded thousands of songs, with estimates ranging up to figures as large as 50,000. 18] However, even the earliest Guinness claim of 25,000 songs (between 1948-1974) was claimed to be exaggerated by other sources, who stated that the number of songs sung by Lata Mangeshkar in Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu films till 1991 was found to be 5250.
 Mangeshkar herself stated that she does not keep a record of the number of songs recorded by her, and that she did not know from where Guinness Book editors got their information.  Shivkumar Sharma From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Shivkumar SharmaSharma in 1988 Background information BornJanuary 13, 1938 (age 71) Jammu & Kashmir OriginJammu, India Genre(s) Indian classical music Instrument(s) santoor Years active1955–present Associated actsRahul Sharma Shivkumar Sharma (born January 13, 1938, Jammu, India) is an Indian santoor player.  The santoor is a folk instrument from the valley of Kashmir.  Contents [hide] •1 Early life and background •2 Career •3 Personal life •4 Awards o4. 1 Awards (classical and film) •5 Discography •6 References •7 External links edit] Early life and background Shivkumar Sharma was born in Jammu to the singer Pandit Uma Dutt Sharma.  In a 1999 interview to rediff. com, Sharma said that his father started teaching him vocals and tabla when he was just five.  He goes on to say that his father did “extensive research” on santoor and decided that Shivkumar should be the first musician to play Indian classical music on santoor.
So he started learning santoor at the age of 13.  and made his father’s dream come true.  He gave his first public performance in Bombay in 1955. edit] Career Shivkumar Sharma is the master instrumentalist of the santoor, after some years as a vocalist. He is credited with single-handedly making the santoor a popular classical instrument.  In a 1999 interview to rediff. com, Sharma said that it was his father who decided that he should play the santoor and that he never thought he would be choosing it when he started learning music.
 Sharma recorded his first solo album in 1960.  Sharma composed the music of Shantaram’s Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baje (1965).In 1967, he teamed up with flautist Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia and Pandit Brijbhushan Kabra to produce a concept album, The Call of the Valley which turned out to be one of the greatest hits in Indian classical music.  He has composed music for many Hindi films in collaboration with Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia starting with Silsila (1980). They came to be known as the ‘Shiv-Hari’ music duo.  Some of the movies they composed music for which were big musical hits are Faasle (1985), Chandni (1989), Lamhe (1991) and Darr (1993).
edit] Personal life Sharma married Manorama and has two sons.  His son, Rahul, is also a santoor player and they perform together since 1996.  In a 1999 interview to rediff. com, Sharma stated that he chose Rahul as his shishya because he thought he had the “gift of God”.
  Awards Sharma is the recipient of national and international awards, including an honorary citizenship of the city of Baltimore, USA, in 1985, the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1986, the Padma Shri in 1991, and the Padma Vibhushan in 2001. 20] Your continued donations keep Wikipedia running! Candidates are currently being accepted for the Wikimedia Board of Trustees Election. Become a candidate. [Hide] [Help us with translations! ] Naushad From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the Indian film musician Naushad. For the Indian/ Pakistani film musician, see Nashad. Naushad Ali BornDecember 25, 1919 DiedMay 5, 2006 (aged 86) Genre(s) Classical Indian film music Years active1940–2005 Naushad Ali (Urdu: ????? ??? , Hindi: ????? ??? (December 25, 1919 – May 5, 2006) was an Indian musician. He was one of the foremost music directors (composers) for Bollywood films.
Contents [hide] •1 Biography •2 Writer •3 Music style •4 Filmography o4. 1 Music Director ?4. 1. 1 Malayalam Film ?4. 1. 2 English film o4.
2 Producer o4. 3 Storywriter •5 Awards and recognition •6 Positions Held •7 References •8 External links  Biography Naushad was raised in Lucknow, a city with a long tradition as a center of refined North Indian culture. His father, Wahid Ali, was a munshi (court clerk).As a kid, Naushad would visit the annual fair at the Deva Sharif in Barabanki, 25 km from Lucknow, where all the great qawwals and musicians of those days would perform before the devotees, and Naushad would sit there, listening to those wondrous melodies. He studied classic Hindustani music there under Ustad Ghurbat Ali, Ustad Yusuf Ali, Ustad Babban Saheb, and others. He repaired harmoniums. As a lad, he joined a junior theatrical club and was appointed as the club’s music maestro for their theatrical presentations. He used to watch silent films at the Royal theatre in Lucknow.
Theatre owners would hire a team of musicians to play the tabla, harmonium, sitar and violin. The musicians would watch the film first, make notes, finalise the scales required. When the show began in the evening, they would sit in front of the screen and play music for the scenes. This was a great way to be entertained and learn music at the same time.
It made him grasp the nuances required in composing a film’s background music score. In time Naushad formed his own Windsor Music Entertainers or just Windsor Entertainers, so named because he had seen the word “Windsor” around Lucknow and liked its ring.It led to the Indian Star Theatrical Company in a theatre at Golagunj colony in Lucknow. He was trained under Laddan Khanhad where he became capable of working independently as a composer. There he also developed the sense to pick rare musical jewels from the folk tradition of Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Saurashtra during the company’s sojourns in those regions.
The traveling players got as far as Viramgam in Gujarat, where they discovered penury, even after selling off theatrical props and musical instruments. The company limped back to Lucknow through the kindness of one of Naushad’s friends.Naushad had already become a cinema fan in the silent era, and then, in 1931, Indian cinema got voice and music that further fascinated the 13 year old boy. But his family was strict follower of Islamic diktat of prohibition of music and his father gave him ultimatum to leave music if he has to stay at home. He ran away to Mumbai (then called Bombay) in the late 1937 to try his luck as a musician.
In Mumbai, he initially stayed with an acquaintance from Lucknow at Colaba and after a while, shifted to Dadar opposite the Broadway theater where he would sleep on the footpath.He assisted music director Ustad Jhande Khan who was at the peak of his success those days, at a monthly salary of Rs 40. The producer was a Russian and the studio was at Chembur. The film didn’t finish. Naushad was a piano player so he worked as a pianist in composer Ustad Mushtaq Hussain’s orchestra. He then polished off an unfinished film score and got a credit as assistant to Hussain. Then the film company collapsed. Composer Khemchand Prakash took him on as his assistant for the film Kanchan at Ranjit Studio at a salary of Rs 60 per month, for which Naushad remained extremely grateful and, in interviews, had called him his guru.
His friend, lyricist D N Madhok trusted his unusual talent for composing music and introduced him to various film producers. Chandulal Shah, the owner of Ranjit Studios, offered to sign Naushad for one of his forthcoming films. Naushad composed a lilting bhajan for this film, ‘Bata de koi kaun gali gaye Shyam’, but the film never got on the floors.