Field, P. (1922, October 10). Coffee and Cigarettes: Second-Hand Smoke and Smoke-Free Laws. National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science.

Retrieved October 10, 1927, from www. sciencecases. org/secondhand_smoke/secondhand_smoke. pdf Coffee and Cigarettes: Second-Hand Smoke and Smoke Free Law Summary and Questions Joshua Davenport owned a coffee bar/bistro in the small town of Lackawaxen, Pennsylvania situated on the Delaware River.

He wanted to bring the old world elegance to his rural community, a place where neighbors could meet and converse over espresso drinks prepared by an expert barista.The shops name is called “Espressivo” that attracted many young people, especially the college students at the nearby campus, and older clients who came before and/ or after work to either start their day or end it during the week. Keeping with the tradition of a European espresso bar, Joshua allowed smoking inside the bar and the patio that surrounded the open air layout of the corner location, because he wanted his customers to feel comfortable.

Pennsylvanians are known for being vocal about their personal and political rights, but in September of 2008 the state passed the Pennsylvania Clean Indoor Air Act, which prohibited the smoking of tobacco products in most indoor public places. This included a provision that allowed businesses to offer outdoor smoking on all patios, decks, and outdoor seating areas. The public had become aware of the harmful effects of second-hand smoke by research of Big Tobacco, this pressure not only influenced indoor smoking bans in many states but fostered negative attitudes towards smoking in outdoor areas.After the Clean Indoor Air law was passed many family-styled restaurants with out door seating began extending the smoking ban to their outside dining areas. Joshua had observed that his younger customers enjoyed smoking with their drinks and orders, but he also noticed that his wealthier weekend/working clients had a negative view about the outdoor smoking policy. As a result there was a slight decrease in business from families. Joshua was then left with a choice to continue to allow the outside smoking or ban smoking in keeping with the trend towards reducing exposure to second-hand smoke.

. Secondhand smoke is also known as environmental tobacco smoke or passive smoke. It is a mixture of two forms of smoke that come from burning tobacco: sidestream smoke and mainstream smoke.

Sidestream smoke comes from the end of a lighted cigarette, pipe, or cigar and mainstream smoke is the smoke exhaled by a smoker. When non-smokers are exposed to the secondhand smoke it is called involuntary smoking or passive smoking. Non-smokers who breathe in the secondhand smoke take in nicotine and other toxic chemicals, just like a smoker.

This is a problem because secondhand smoke is known as a human carcinogen, because tobacco smoke contains over 4,000 chemical compounds. More than 60 are known to or suspected to cause cancer. It doesn’t only cause cancer but other disease such as heart disease, coughing, mucus, chest discomfort, and reduced lung function, asthma attacks, and low birth-weight babies. 2. Medically secondhand smoke causes a lot of medical issues such as cancer, heart disease, coughing, mucus, chest discomfort, reduced lung function, asthma attacks, and low-birth-weights.

Ethically there is a violation of people’s rights, but at the same time is it okay to expose innocent people to smoke that could cause these diseases? Socially it is a turn-off to families with children and older couples who look down upon public smoking areas. I believe that all of these reasons are scientifically based, because they have valid scientific thinking behind them. 3.

I think that the decision to ban smoking in public indoor areas should be a national issue. Bans on smoking in bars and restaurants can improve air quality.Research has shown that improved air quality translate to decrease toxin exposure among employees. It affects not only the employees, but the customers who attend these establishments. It’s not fair to expose people to the effects of secondhand smoke, especially since there has been a rise in smoking in public.

4. If I were an owner of a restaurant I would have a smoking ban in outdoor dining areas. I don’t think that it’s necessary for people to smoke to have a good time. It’s one thing to kill yourself, but then to kill others because of your own addiction is not acceptable.

. Other than the use of windows and ventilation systems I think that smoking should just be ban in public places. 6. If Joshua puts up a smoking policy in the outdoor dining area, then there will be a slight drop in business from his college student customers, but a rise in his wealthier families and older couples. To test this hypothesis I could distribute a survey asking people how they feel about outdoor smoking and if it would effect their decision to go to the coffee shop. The next thing to do is take a count of how many people actually come back to the bar.


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