Calvinism vs. Finneyite Evangelicalism According to Webster, Religion is defined as a personal set or institutionalized system of beliefs, attitudes and practices. An alternate source defines Religion as the belief in and worship of a god or gods, or a set of beliefs concerning the origin and purpose of the universe. Throughout history we can note that religion has played a major role in various cultures, political changes as well as social society. Calvinism, also known as the reformed faith, is a form of Christianity.
Its name is derived from the French reformer, John Calvin because of his influence and the role in the debates throughout the 16th century. The Calvinist belief is that the Bible is the Word of God; therefore, the Bible alone is the final court of appeal on everything. In addition, fallen human can be forgiven for sins and receive a just standing before God only through faith. The religious values of this theology lies in, what is called, the five points of Calvinism. These points are; Total Depravity, unconditional election, limited atonement, irresistible grace, and perseverance of the saints.
The five points function as a summary of the differences that separate Calvinism from other faiths. Unlike Calvinism, Evangelicalism was not only a religious movement but also a social movement which is not widely understood. It is defined as emphasizing salvation by faith in the atoning death of Jesus Christ through personal conversion, or a Protestant. In societies social settings, class ranks separated the wealthy from the poor, the well educated from those who lacked, however this theology paved way to traditional structured society being altered. Recruitment into churches provided ties to other organizations and affiliations all over.