Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder found mostly aiming young girls and is characterized by uncontrolled bingeing, followed by vomiting, excessive exercising and laxatives.
Social, psychological and biological factors can contribute to this illness.Lady Diana was the victim of this eating disorder. She was the center of attention for media and public and felt the ignorance of her husband. She became obsessed about her body shape and weight. Her marital life was the reason for her illness. So, Bulimia should be treated carefully and special attention should be given to the eating patterns, false beliefs about appearance and emotional issues should be fairly solved BULIMIA NERVOSA AND LADY DIANA I.
INTRODUCTION Background Bulimia was first revealed in 1979 by Gerald F. M. Russell.It is an eating disorder commonly found aiming young adolescent girls and is characterized by uncontrolled bingeing, followed by behaviors designed to prevent weight gain from the binges (Durand, 2003, p. 523).
Princess Diana struggled with this disorder for many years due to the problems that she was dealing with. Statement of the problem The focus of this study was to understand (1) Bulimia nervosa which is the most common eating disorder and (2) how it affected Princess Diana. Purposes of the study The purposes of this study were as follows: To have the awareness of Bulimia Nervosa in a better way.
* To know why it targeted Lady Diana. * To give recommendations to prevent this disorder. II. DESCRIPTION What is bulimia Nervosa? It is a very common eating disorder in which a person binges and purges. The bulimic consumes a large amount of food at once and then try to get rid of it by vomiting, over exercising and sometimes laxatives. Symptoms of bulimia nervosa People suffering with bulimia nervosa may have the following signs and symptoms.
This is the diagnostic criteria for Bulimia Nervosa in the eye of DSM’s last edition.Binge eating: Recurrent episodes of binge eating, characterized by an abnormally large intake of food within a 2-hour period, combined with a sense of lack of control over eating during these episodes (Susan, 2004, p. 281). Inappropriate controlling: Recurrent, inappropriate compensatory behavior to prevent weight gain, such as self-induced vomiting; misuse of laxatives, fasting; or excessive exercising. Duration: On average, bingeing and inappropriate compensatory behavior occur at least twice a week, for at least 3 months (Susan, 2004, p. 281).
Obsession: They possess too much obsession about body shape and weight. Causes of Bulimia Nervosa Figure1. CAUSES OF BULIMIA NERVOSA It is a complicated body issue and a long-term disease. No one knows the exact cause of bulimia in a given situation but some of the causes and risks can be considered true. Poor body image: Our society’s emphasis on slimness and beauty can lead to body dissatisfaction, specifically in young women overwhelmed with the media images of physical ideal beauty.
Appearance-oriented people: People who face immense image pressure are more at risk of developing bulimia.Those at risk are models, wrestlers, runners, and actors etc. Self-esteem: People who have the image of themselves as worthless, unattractive and useless are more at risk of developing bulimia nervosa. Major life changes: This is also activated by transitions and stressful changes in one’s life. Binging and purging may be a helpful but negative way to get rid of these tensions. Bulimia and Lady Diana The most loved and royal, Lady Diana, Princess of Wales, unfortunately was a victim of this disorder.Diana’s private life differed so much from her public image: being the victim of what she described as a difficult marriage to her husband Prince Charles and constantly being disturbed by the media, Lady Diana targeted by bulimia.
Figure2. LADY DIANA Reasons behind Diana’s illness Lady Diana was the first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales. Her pleasing beauty and youth made her an icon of femininity after the couple’s engagement. But unexpectedly after the marriage, Diana became the victim of this disease. Public exposure: She was not aware of the fact that after her marriage she would be the center of attention for public and media.She was not aware of how devastate that attention would become, nor the degree to which it would affect both her personal life and public duties. It was hard for her to bear.
She had to participate in events as part of her royal obligations–as well as to please her husband Charles, and for the public’s expectations. Because of this public fear, she became worried about her appearance and tried to look thinner as the media demanded. This situation led her to be bulimic. Marital life: Diana was married to Prince Charles in July 29, 1981.
Her marital life was soon in trouble. Charles had started again his old romance with Camilla Parker.Diana thought of herself as useless, worthless, and unattractive for her husband. This contributed to low self-esteem of her that included depression and a critical home environment.
This complicated emotional issue made her a victim of Bulimia Nervosa. Diana’s interpretation of Bulimia Diana recounted and admitted her 7-year battle with bulimia in front of the public. Due to her openness to communicate, we have a better recognition of the princess Diana’s eating disorder. Source of comfort: She said that overeating can provide a state of comfort when a person feels that he or she is alone or helpless.The ensuing unworthiness and shame then often lead the person to try to get rid of the extra food through vomiting, using water pills, or excessive exercise. This shows that she felt guilty in front of her husband and was left alone.
Attention seeking: Becoming a victim of this disorder is often a cry for help or an urgent request for attention; a Bulimic mostly needs people to appreciate and understand them, but do not know how to attract their devotion in a positive way. Diana needed the attention of her husband and failed at it. By getting ill with bulimia, she thought it to be a better way to grasp her husband’s love and attention.
Pressure in life: Bulimia can be a response to great tension and pressure in one’s life, especially for those with excellent and ideal expectations and inclinations. Diana was a public figure and people expected so much from her. She was a princess and she had to be very careful about her appearances, in front of the media and her husband also. Not being able to cope with these in a positive and appropriate ways led her to use the negative ways. She admitted that she began to have a strict diet after people made comments on television and also in magazines about her “pudgy” body. III. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONSConclusions 1.
Our society is responsible in making young adolescents the victim of bulimia. The people especially young girls get obsessed with the thoughts of their bulky appearances and try to keep up the demands of the society. 2. Diana’s illness was the response of her husband’s ignorant behavior and food became the answer to the hollowness she felt.
Recommendations 1. Bulimia must be treated carefully and focus should be on restoring the normal eating patterns. You learn to monitor your eating habits, set a time table for eating, avoid situations that initiate binges, and fight the desire to purge. . Another important thing is to change the dysfunctional beliefs about shape of the body, weight and dieting. 3.
One should be targeting the emotional issues that can cause the eating disorder. These issues can include the relationship issues, underlying depression, feelings of loneliness and low self-esteem.BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. Durand, V. Mark, Barlow, David H.
Essentials of Abnormal Psychology, Thomsom Wadsworth (2003): 520- 523 2. Nelon-Hoeksema,, Susan. Abnormal Psychology, McGraw-Hill companies (2004): 279- 282