tMission Statement: We dedicate ourselves to work in partnership with the community to fight crime, reduce fear and improve the quality of life in our neighborhoods. Our Mission is Neighborhood Policing. Before the 1990’s the Boston Police used the traditional model of policing, allowing the public a limited role in maintaining public order within the city. In the 1960’s the lack of confidence in the Boston Police Department was a national crisis.
The department was getting it from all angles, minority communities were complaining that the police were using discriminatory enforcement and were also failing to adequately police poorer neighborhoods. The middle class communities were concerned with the department’s ability to reduce the number of predatory crimes in that area. Once they realized this was not working the Boston police department started to employ some of the many modern professionalization reforms of the 1970’s and 1980’s, this was their first step in trying to bring the public into the loop when it came to maintaining order within the city.
In 1968 the bell telephone company introduced the 9-1-1 system, allowing citizens to use a single number to contact law enforcement and emergency services throughout the country. This also made it possible to start monitoring police performance in the area of response time. In 1983 the department implemented a foot patrol policy that many say was the groundwork for the later community policing model. When foot patrol was first implemented they used 300 officers and the beats were drawn up centrally around headquarters with no input from the communities being policed.
The officers walking the beat had training on what to do and no explanation of their purpose. The foot patrol policy did not bring about the change the department was looking for instead it produced a number of assignments that generated resentment from officers, supervisors, and citizens. Despite all efforts to apply different styles of policing, the old problems of traditional policing continued to haunt the department. By 1984 the Boston Police Department was under investigation by the U. S. ttorney’s office on charges of extensive corruption. In 1985 Raymond Flynn was elected mayor and one of the first things he did was appoint his friend Francis M. Roache police commissioner. As the Boston Police Department entered the 1990’s they were again faced with pressure from the public due to many different incidents. The main incident being the poor handling of the 1989 Carol Stuart murder case. The department was said to have used unconstitutional tactics during their investigation.
There were also accusations that Mayor Flynn had a direct influence in the case through his friend commissioner Roache. The connection between Mayor Flynn and Commissioner Roache continued Boston’s long tradition of political involvement in the management of the police department. The political involvement in management decisions frustrated many officers. The officer felt that promotions were handed out based on your political influences rather than your ability to perform. A result of this was the rapid decrease in officer moral within the department.
On January 14, 1992 the St. Clair commission issued a report that contained thirty-six recommendations. These recommendations were not well received by the political machine in Boston at the time, but they could not ignore it entirely. This document set the stage for fundamental change in the mission and operations of the Boston Police Department. Out of the thirty-six recommendations the Boston Police Department adopted thirty-one of them. Some of the changes that were incorporated within the Boston Police Department are: •Creation of a comprehensive plan of action. Creation of an office of strategic planning and policy development. •A pilot neighborhood policing model was created in Dorchester’s District C-11 to allow for experimentation with “new tactics, equipment, and techniques” for a city-wide strategy community policing. •Internal affairs was centralized and doubled in strength under a new Office of Internal Investigation. •New procedures were implemented and a 90 day window was given for the completion of the new policies. Leadership and supervision changes include a commitment to more supervisors to reduce the department’s span-of-control ratio; introduction of a performance appraisal program; and returning to unit-based budgeting. •Changes in training included the development of a Neighborhood Policing Training Curriculum and new management development training for all supervisors and managers. Boston Police Department History The Boston Police Department is the oldest police department in United States History.
The initiation of a formal department began in 1838, when the General Court passed a bill allowing the city of Boston to appoint police officers. The department was structured after the model developed by Sir Robert Peele for the London Police force. The Boston Police Department became the countries first paid, professional department in the country. The department was first headquartered at City Hall on School Street, the department later moved to 37 Pemberton Square, where it remanded until construction began on 154 Berkeley Street headquarters in 1925.
These new headquarters served the department well for many years, until 1997, when the department moved into its new state-of-the-art facility at One Schroeder Plaza. When Boston Police Department was first initiated by the city they were in charge of “the care of the streets, the care of the common sewers, and the care of the vaults, and whatever else affects the health, security, and comfort of the city. ” At this time they were under the supervision of the City Marshal. The first police force consisted of 260 officers and a chief.
Each division had a captain and two lieutenants; sergeants were not appointed until 1857. In these early days, an officer on duty carried a six-foot pole, painted blue and white to protect himself, and a “police rattle” to call for assistance. Police communicated via a telegraph system that linked the central office and area police stations. In 1878, the first department telephones were installed on a trial basis. Since the department started they have responded to a wide range of public safety issues, from “night walkers” to armed robberies to homicides, and to public crises such as the Great Fire, the St.
Valentine’s Day blizzard and the Coconut Grove fire. The department claims that by responding to these public safety issues and protecting the public, the department has learned a lot and is grown and evolved into one of the finest police departments in the country. Today the department focuses on ensuring the safety and well-being of the city’s residents, combining the best neighborhood policing methods from the past with the latest state-of-the-art technologies to effectively protect and serve the public.
The new headquarters is equipped with some of the most advanced ID imaging and ballistics identification technology in the country, a DNA laboratory, Boston is one of only 18 departments in the country with in-house DNA testing capacity, an enhanced 9-1-1, and a Computer-aided Dispatch system linked to Mobile Date Terminals, all of these will serve the department and the public well into the next century.
References “History of the Boston Police Department | City of Boston. ” Welcome | City of Boston. N. p. , n. d. Web. 27 Sept. 2010. . Wells, Donna M.. Boston Police Department (Images of America: Massachusetts). Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2003. Print.