The 2010 Asian Games, also known as the XVI Asiad, was a multi-sport event in Guangzhou, China that began on 12 November and finished on 27 November 2010. Guangzhou was the second Chinese city to host the Games, after Beijing in 1990. A total of 476 events in 42 sports was contested by athletes, making it the largest event in the history of the Games.
It was also the last iteration of the Games to have featured such big events, as the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) have enforced new hosting rules for future games, beginning with the 2014 Games. Guangzhou was awarded the right to host the Games on July 1, 2004, as the sole bidding city. This came after the withdrawal of several cities, Amman, Kuala Lumpur and Seoul. The games were co-hosted by Dongguan, Foshan and Shanwei, the three neighbouring cities. The opening and closing ceremonies were held along the Pearl River in Haixinsha Island, and was the second time in history that the opening ceremony for a major sports event was not held inside a stadium.
The final medal tally was led by traditional powerhouse China, followed by South Korea and third place Japan. China set a new Games record with 199 gold medals.  Some three World and 103 Asian records were broke.  In addition, the Badminton men’s singles gold medalist Lin Dan was voted as Most Valuable Player (MVP).  The President of Olympic Council of Asia Sheikh Ahmed Al-Fahad Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah hailed the Games as “outstanding” and “one of the best ever”.  Venues [pic] [pic] Guangdong Olympic Stadium Main article: Venues of the 2010 Asian Games There are 53 competition venues and 17 training venues available for the Games, with four venues held outside the Guangzhou.
These include the Asian Games Town, which consists of the Athletes’ Village, Technical Officials’ Village, Media Village, Main Media Center and International Broadcast Center.  Organisers revealed that the total investment is over ? 15 billion.  On April 19, 2009, organisers chose Haixinsha Island, along with the Pearl River, as the venue for the opening and closing ceremonies, the only venue which was not for competition purposes.   Transport [pic] [pic] MTR KTT with Games advertisment To prepare for the Games, the public infrastructure has been upgraded significantly.  Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport had been upgraded, in contracted to Crisplant, to support massive volume of passengers. 24] A new Wuhan–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway was opened on December 26, 2009, shorten the travel time between two destinations.  In order to ease the traffic congestion and air pollution, the government had ordered to reduce 40 percent of vehicles, and offered 1,000 buses during the Games and Para Games.  Government also had free-ride offer for public transportation during the month of Games, but cancelled one week prior to the Games due to overwhelming response from the citizens.  Instead, government offered ? 150 ($21) cash subsidies to each household with permanent residence for commuting purposes.   Torch relay [pic] [pic]
Torch relay route Main article: 2010 Asian Games torch relay Two torch designs were short-listed in September 2009 for the 2010 Asian Games. A design named The Tide was chosen over one named Exploit by the organisers as the torch of the Games. The Tide weighs 98g and is 70 cm long, and is tall and straight in shape, while dynamic in terms of image.  The torch relay route was unveiled on March 4, 2010. For financial reasons, the torch relay duration around Guangdong and two other cities off Guangdong are 30 days. The flame of the torch was lit in the Great Wall of China on October 9, 2010, and travelled around the Temple of Heaven in Beijing. 1 cities were present in the list of relay, with 2,010 torchbearers expected to carry it from October 12 to November 12, 2010; however, two cities were added later to the route for a single day on October 15, 2010, the host of 2007 Asian Winter Games and 2012 Asian Beach Games, increasing the number of torchbearers to 2,068 people.  The relay in Harbin was held in the main venue of the 1996 Asian Winter Games, the Harbin Ice Hockey Rink, while the relay on October 22, 2010 was affected by Typhoon Megi as it was held under the rain.  The relay from November 6–8 acted as a demonstration relay Games [pic] [pic] Firework displays at the Canton Tower  Opening ceremony Main article: 2010 Asian Games opening ceremony The opening ceremony officially began on November 12, 2010 at 20:00 local time. For the first time in history, the ceremony was not held inside a stadium; instead, it was held along the Pearl River on Haixinsha Island.
37] The ceremony was directed by Chen Weiya, assistant director of the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, and featured a cast of about 6,000 performers.  It was attended by the Premier of the People’s Republic of China, Wen Jiabao, President of Pakistan Asif Ali Zardari, Thai Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva,, Chief Secretary for Administration of Hong Kong Henry Tang, as well as President of the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA), Sheikh Ahmed Al-Fahad Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah and President of International Olympic Committee Jacques Rogge.  The ceremony lasted for three hours, and together with the closing ceremony cost about ? 380 million ($53 million).  Athletes were paraded by boats along the Pearl River. 45] The ceremony featured the water-themed arts show and culture of Guangzhou. The last torchbearer, diver He Chong lit up the cauldron, after igniting the traditional Chinese firecrackers whose flare shot up to the top of the tower where the cauldron was held.  The ceremony was regarded as successful by IOC President Jacques Rogge who described it as “absolutely fantastic”, and said Guangzhou has the ability to host the Olympics.  OCA director general Husain Al-Musallam praised the games saying that it was unique, fantastic and “just better than the Beijing Olympics”.  Closing ceremony The closing ceremony began on November 27, 2010 at 8:06pm local time in front of 35,000 spectators. 54] The show began with the theme “Leave Your Song Here”, which included music and dance from China, India, Indonesia, Lebanon, Japan, Kazakhstan and Mongolia.  The singers included the only Indian singer invited by Asian Games authority ‘Ravi k Tripathi’ with Tanya, who sang “Saajan ji Ghar Aaye” and “Aao re Jhumo re”, Indonesian’s “Sing Sing So” and Japanese “Sakura”.  The ceremony also included an eight-minute segment from Incheon with singer and actor Rain performing the segment.  The Mayor of Incheon Song Young-gil received the Games flag for 2014 Games.  The closing ceremony ended with the song “Kai Xuan [?? ]”. performed by various artists from Taiwan, Hong Kong and mainland China, among them are Alan Tam, Leo Ku and Hacken Lee.   Medal table
Main article: 2010 Asian Games medal table China led the medal table for the eighth consecutive time with a new record for the most number of gold medals (at 199 gold medals) won in a single Games. This bettered their previous record of 183 gold medals won by China at Beijing in 1990.  Macau, and Bangladesh won their first Asian Games gold medal from wushu and cricket.  Some 35 NOCs (except Kuwait who competed under the Olympic flag) won at least a single medal with 27 NOCs winning at least a single gold medal, thus leaving nine NOCs failing to win any medal at the Games. The top ten ranked NOCs at these Games are listed below. The host nation, China, is highlighted. Rank[pic] |Nation[pic] |Gold[pic] |Silver[pic] |Bronze[pic] |Total[pic] | |1 |[pic] China (CHN)* |199 |119 |98 |416 | |2 |[pic] South Korea (KOR) |76 |65 |91 |232 | |3 |[pic] Japan (JPN) |48 |74 |94 |216 | |4 |[pic] Iran (IRI) |20 |14 |25 |59 | |5 |[pic] Kazakhstan (KAZ) |18 |23 |38 |79 | |6 |[pic] India (IND) |14 |17 |33 |64 | |7 |[pic] Chinese Taipei (TPE) |13 |16 |38 |67 | |8 |[pic] Uzbekistan (UZB) |11 |22 |23 |56 | |9 |[pic] Thailand (THA) |11 |9 |32 |52 | |10 |[pic] Malaysia (MAS) |9 |18 |14 |41 | |Total |477 |479 |621 |1577 |