The sixteenth president of The United States of America, Abraham Lincoln overcame a rough childhood to achieve this status and other successes before an assassination in 1865. He was president during our country’s Civil War and helped to end slavery in the south. I chose him as a research topic because his achievements are great and have benefited everyone throughout our country’s history. Lincoln’s mother died when he was nine years old. His family moved several times during his childhood; from Kentucky where he was born to Indiana and by his early twenties to Illinois.
There he had no interest in being a farmer, he instead started splitting rails and clearing his dad’s farm. After moving to Illinois Lincoln enlisted in The Black Hawk War as a volunteer. The Black Hawk War was a fight to move the Indians westward. He was elected to lead his company of soldiers. After The Black Hawk War, Lincoln did many things. He worked on a riverboat, ran a store, and considered becoming a blacksmith. He decided instead to study law and started his very own successful law practice. “Abe Lincoln’s Youth”) Lincoln married Mary Todd in 1842. They both struggled with depression, but had different personalities and opposing temperaments. Mary was well educated and used to luxury whereas Abraham had little formal schooling and a background of poverty. Their love for one another wasn’t enough to overcome the grief, disappointments and lack of communication in their marriage. Lincoln also served in both the Illinois and the United States legislatures, though he wasn’t very successful.
He lost several law cases, was passed over as the Republican Party’s vice presidential nominee, and he lost when he ran for the U. S. Senate against Stephen Douglas. He didn’t let these defeats stop him; he went on to win the presidential election in 1860 and became president in 1861. As President, he built the Republican Party into a strong national organization. Further, he rallied most of the northern Democrats to the Union cause. On January 1, 1863, he issued the Emancipation Proclamation that declared forever free those slaves within the Confederacy.