Educational technology is “the study and ethical practice of easier learning . Creating, using, and managing appropriate technological processes and resources for improving performance ” Educational technology try to analyse, design, develop, implement and evaluate process and tools to improve quality learning . Online learning improve a chance for employment or promotion and the use of open educational resources and other technologies can increase educational productivity by increasing the rate of learning; reducing costs associated with instructional materials or program delivery; and effective use of teacher time. In this paper, we try to give an overview of the importance of technology in education , its impact and obstruction.Keywords: Educational technology, Technology and learning, Introduction:Educational Technology involves a code of behaviour, application of knowledge for the purpose of better learning, instruction and/or performance .There are many reasons why technology is a key feature of learning in the education. Technology is everywhere; and in order for our students to exist, post education and the business world, they must know technology. Technology provides many tools that teachers can use in and out of the classroom to enhance student learning.
With technology, there are no limitations: Having opportunity to other information outside of the book gives students many different ways to learn a concept. Teachers can come up with original ideas to teach their students that keeps them engaged. Technology has changed the learning environment so that learning is more practical. Technology has the ability to enhance relationships between teachers and students.
When teachers capable of combine technology into subject areas, teachers develop into roles of adviser, content expert, and coach. Technology helps make teaching and learning more worthy and fun. Students are also able to work jointly with their own classmates through technological applications.
Technology to Enhance Teaching & Learning ICTs stand for information and communication technologies and are defined, as a “different set of technological tools and resources used to communicate, and to create, spread widely, store and manage information.”Given the positive nature of ICT, the course of study , give special importance to the core educational purposes, is not specific in design and focuses on a broad exposure to technologies, together aimed at enhancing creativity and new ideas of the learners.For the teacher, it is an beginning of:· Exploring educational possibilities of technology,· Learning to make right choices of hardware, software and ICT interactions, and· Growing to become a critical user of ICT. For the student, it is an initiation into:· Creativity and problem solving,· An introduction to the world of information and technologies, and· An opportunity to shape career pursuits.
The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in schools have been in-cooperate in the Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA). Now ICT in Schools is a part of the RMSA. The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Schools was launched in December, 2004 and revised in 2010 to provide opportunities to secondary stage students to mainly build their capacity on ICT skills and make them learn through computer support learning process. The Scheme is a major catalyst to bridge the digital divide amongst students of various socio economic and other geographical barriers. The Scheme provides support to States/UTs to develop computer labs on sustainable basis.CDIO standards to be incorporated in our education system.A CDIO program is product, process, and system lifecycle development and deployment are the appropriate contexts for education.
Conceiving–Designing–Implementing–Operating is a model of the entire product, process, and system lifecycle. The Conceive stage includes defining customer needs; considering technology, enterprise strategy, and regulations; and developing conceptual, technical, and business plans. The Design stage focuses on creating the design, that is the plans, drawings and algorithms that describe what will be implemented. The plan refers to the transformation of the design into the product, process or system, including manufacturing, coding, testing and validation. The final stage, Operate uses the implemented product or process to deliver the intended value, including maintaining, evolving and retiring the system.
The CDIO approach has three overall goals – to educate students who are able to:1. Master a deep working knowledge of technical fundamentals2. Lead in the creation and operation of new products and systems3. Understand the importance and strategic impact of research and technologicaldevelopment on society NPTEL Courses:The National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning (NPTEL) was start by seven Indian Institutes of Technology (Bombay, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras and Roorkee) and the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. The core project is coordinated by IIT Madras.
Objectives – Facilitate the competitiveness of Indian industry in the global markets by improving the quality and reach of engineering education – Make high quality learning material available to students of engineering institutions across the country, free of cost.By receiving quality instruction and education in select topics and skills, students can improve their employability. Faculty may utilize this opportunity to connect with a wide spectrum of student community. Online learning can not only train the workers of the future, it can also provide a career path for someone employed who may learn new skills. Incidental benefits – Low cost for the student since learning material is free of cost. – Less pressure on the student to keep up with other students in the class.
Flexibility for the student as he/she can prioritize his/her time and work at one’s own pace. Variety of programs and courses – From engineering to music to film appreciation. Students will be able to choose from a wide variety of online courses. They can try pursuing learning in areas other than their expertise. Approach to faculty via email, discussion forum and other online media.
He/she will not be intimidated to ask questions unlike in a traditional classroom setting. Networking Opportunities – Students can make connections with their peers no matter where they are located. Impediment in use of Technology:Our children are prepared for tomorrows advanced working conditions by the use of Technology in Education. Students use computers in the classroom to develop creative applications which can be used on cell phones or tablets for educational purposes.Some of the largest obstacle to the adoption of education technology include:1. Cost: Perhaps the largest obstacle to adopting education technology is the least surprising one: many technologies are just too cost prohibitive. Cutting edge technology often requires a significant investment, and with certain technologies becoming outmoded in a matter of years, it’s no wonder budget-bound schools are cautious about making such investments.
2. Deficient in training: Teachers have access to learning technologies, they’re not receiving the proper training to harness these technologies. Tech training is especially important for teachers because many of them aren’t “digital natives” — they didn’t grow up with technology at their fingertips like most of their students have — so new technology often has a steep learning curve.3. Resistance to adopting new technologies: Lack of training and lack of familiarity with tech fuels a third issue: many teachers and administrators resist adopting new technologies in the classroom.
It’s understandable that time-crunched teachers are wary of adopting new classroom tools, especially when they’re lacking support on a school, departmental, or district level. Parents who think their kids are already inundated with too much tech access may also represent barriers to tech adoption.4. Insufficient infrastructure: Even if districts widened their budgets for education technology, they would still encounter a barrier to adoption: many school districts lack the network infrastructure needed to support education technology.
Perhaps the largest issue is lack of internet access..Conclusion:The application of educational technology enhances skills and cognitive characteristics. With the help of new technology comes an explosion of learning and receiving new information, especially on mobile device. It is true that technology enabled education .
The authors of this paper strongly recommends that electronic universities entry through online courses should be permitted and encouraged in India in order to enhance quality of higher education