DYSLEXIA Introduction:Dyslexia is basically a”reading disorder” which refers to difficulty in writing, spelling and reading.It is different from “learning disability”. Dyslexia doesn’t questionintelligence; it’s just a flaw in a human body. According to research in UK,from 10 to 20 people, 1 or 2 people are diagnosed with dyslexia. Dyslexia isthat kind of lifelong problem which can be faded by moral support and help. Causesof Dyslexia:a)     Main causes of dyslexia areenvironmental factors and genetics. b)     People who have difficulties withnumbers and those who suffer from ADHD (attention deficit hyperactive disorder)may become victim of dyslexia. c)     Stroke, traumatic brain injury anddementia can lead to dyslexia.

Symptomsof Dyslexia:Dyslexia has variableeffects on person to person depending upon their unique weakness or strength.Some of the most obvious symptoms of dyslexia are sketched below:  a)     In preschoolchildren, symptoms of dyslexia include delayed speech as compared to other childrenof the same age. Long word pronunciation problems such as those childrenpronounce hecilopter instead of helicopter etc.

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Those children have problem inputting sentence together and expressing themselves. b)     In schoolchildren, dyslexia symptoms become more obvious because this is the timewhen they start proper learning and reading. Children of age 5 to 12, haveinconsistent and unpredictable spellings.

Problem in putting the right letteri-e 6 in place of 9 and b in place of d. these children also face visualdisturbance like they feel letters appearing to move around and differentletters sounding in mind. c)     Children with dyslexia have poor “phonologicalawareness”  and “word attack skills”d)    If teenagers and adults start facingproblems in pronouncing and reading but at early ages they did not faced thatproblem. This means they have become victim of alexia. Associated problems related toDyslexia:Notonly difficulty in reading and writing, some people faces problems related todyslexia such:                               i.           Poor “short-term” memory                             ii.

           Poor time management and organization                           iii.           Dyscalculia(difficulties with numbers)                           iv.           Dyspraxia or DCD(developmental coordination disorder) are the physical coordination problems associatedto dyslexia.                             v.

           As explained in start that is ADHD(attention deficit hyperactivity disorder).          Diagnosis of Dyslexia:          It is believedthat if a child is diagnosed with dyslexia at early stages then it is effectiveregarding educational interventions point of view. Dyslexia diagnosis in youngchildren is a very difficult task for both teachers and parents as at that timedyslexia signs and symptoms are in faded condition. Sometimes our child isfacing problem in reading and writing and we think that he is facing dyslexiabut main reason behind it is their affected health such as:a)     “Glue ear” it is a hearing problembecause of which children is lacking proper hearing ability and cannotunderstand things properly.

b)     Squint and short-sightedness.Ifyour child does not have above mentioned health problems and is not good atreading and writing that means there is problem in teaching method.Diagnosisof dyslexia is a very difficult task because of different environmentalfactors.  Treatment: Dyslexiacan be cured by special educational interventions and these interventions havegreat effect if practiced in young age. In short, dyslexia can be handledefficiently when you give affection and proper care to these victims. Propercare and proper diagnosis to dyslexia is important.



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