Did you know Jesuits helped discover some of the most helpful tools in science today? Such as the pendulum clocks, pantographs, barometers, and reflecting telescopes.

Scientists were not the only people who discovered tools we use in our everyday lives such as a clock. The jesuits were created in the sixteenth century by Ignatius Loyola, it was a bulk of Catholic priest interested in science. Several of the great Jesuit scientist performed the enormously valuable task of recording their data in massive encyclopedias which played a crucial role in the spread of scientific research. The jesuits also were the first to spread science western to India and china. In the seventeenth century the Jesuits introduced a substantial body of scientific knowledge. They were also the first to carry out the modern cartographic work in china. In the nineteenth century, Asia, Africa and Central America saw the opening of Jesuit observatories that studied astronomy , geomagnetism, meteorology , seismology and solar physics. These observatories provided these areas with accurate time keeping and forecasts.

In Central and South America, the Jesuits focus of meteorology and seismology essentially laying the foundations of those disciplines there. They developed countries ranging from Ecuador to Lebanon and the Philippines. After you read my paper you will be surprised at the amount of things that the Jesuits had a hand in.     The Jesuits had invented a lot of things such as the trap door. The trap is used during plays such as the wizard of Oz the wicked witch of the west would not have been able to disappear without a trap door.

They also located the source of the Blue Nile and charted the Amazon and Mississippi Rivers, which a mainly used for moving heavy machinery into areas they cannot get to easily. They are also used for its resources and animals that live in them people use the river every day in their lives to provide for their family. They also help educate in high schools which can be found all over the world to teach students about necessary information that will help us get through life and to help us provide for our family and friends.

High schools also help us get into colleges which will help us get good paying jobs which will help us provide for our families.     Over the last 400 Years the Jesuits have succeeded in establishing the largest worldwide network of schools and universities such as Boston college or Fairfield university. Boston College is ranked 32nd in National University’s and 421st in the Global ranking. It was established in 1863 by The Society of the Jesuits. It started with three teachers and 22 students throughout the first seven decades, it remained and small undergraduate school. In 2013 Jorge Mario Bergoglio became the first Jesuits to be elected pope taking the name Pope Francis. Today the jesuits form the largest single religious order of priest and brothers in the Catholic Church. The society is divided into 83 provinces along with six independent regions and ten dependent regions.

The current Superior General of the Jesuits is Arturo Sosa. The society is characterized by its ministries in the field of missionary work, human rights, social justice and most notably higher education. Their contributions to the late Renaissance were significant in their roles both as a missionary order and as the first religious order to operate colleges and universities as a principal and distinct ministry. The Jesuit schools played an important part in winning back to Catholicism a number of European countries which had for a time been predominantly Protestant, notably Poland and Lithuania. The Jesuits made missions in japan and resulted in the government granting the Jesuits the feudal fiefdom of Nagasaki in 1580 however, this was removed in 1587 due to fears over their growing influence. Jesuit missions in America became controversial in Europe, especially in Spain and Portugal where they were soon seen as interfering with the proper colonial enterprise of the royal government.

The Jesuits were often the only force standing between the Native Americans and slavery. Together throughout South America, but especially in present day Brazil and Paraguay, they formed Christen Native American city-states, called reductions. These were societies set up according to an idealized theocratic model. The efforts of Jesuits like Antonio Ruiz de Montoya to protect the Native Americans  from enslavement by the Spanish and Portuguese Colonizers would contribute to the call to society’s suppression. The Jesuits first entered China through the Portuguese settlement on Macau where they settled on Green Island founded by St.

Paul’s College. The Jesuit China missions of the 16th and 17th centuries introduced Western Science and Astronomy, then undergoing its own revolution in China. The scientific revolution brought by the Jesuits coincided with. Time when scientific innovation had declined in China. The Jesuits made efforts to translate western mathematical and astronomical works into Chinese and aroused the interest of Chinese scholars in these sciences. They made very extensive astronomical observations and carried out the first modern cartographic work in China.

They also learned to appreciate the scientific achievements of the ancient culture and made them known in Europe. Through their correspondence European scientist first learned about the Chinese science and culture.      During the French colonization of New France in the 17th century, Jesuits played an active role in North America. When Samuel de Champlain established the foundation of the French colony at Quebec, he was aware of native tribes who possessed their own languages, customs, and traditions. These natives that inhabited modern day Ontario, Algonquin, and the Huron.

 Champlain believed that these had souls to be saved, so in 1614 he initially obtained the recollects a reform branch of Franciscan in France.  The Jesuits educated people working in foreign missions were very important in studying their languages and tried to produce Latinized grammars and dictionaries. Under Portuguese royal the money, and other help, given to a person or organization, Jesuits grew and did well in Goa and until 1759 successfully expanded their activities to education and healthcare.     The Jesuits in New Spain Told apart themselves in more than two, but not a lot of  ways. They had high standards for acceptance to the order and many years of training. They attracted the elite families whose sons they educated in difficult newly founded Jesuit colegios. To support their colegios and members of the community of people all good people in the world of Jesus, the Jesuits bought landed huge houses that were run with the best-practices for creating income in that time in history.

Some these large estates were donated by rich rich, powerful people. Many of Jesuit large estates were huge, with Palafox strongly defending that just two colleges owned 300,000 head of sheep, whose wool was changed locally in Puebla to cloth; six sugar large farms with crops worth a million pesos and creating an income of 100,000 pesos.The Jesuits operated their properties as a having different things working together as one unit with the larger Jesuit order; this way money  income from large estates gave money to their colegios. Jesuits did significantly expand missions to the native to in the northern edge of something unexplored area area and a number were someone who dies or suffers a lot rather than gives up what he or she believes in, but the crown supported those missions.The Jesuits started working at conflict with the episcopal system where things or people are in separate levels of importance over the question of payment of give one-tenth, the ten percent tax on farming charged and collected on landed huge houses for support of the church system where things or people are in separate levels of importance from supervisors of several churches and church chapters to area controlled by a church  priests.

Since the Jesuits were the largest religious order holding real estate, going past the Dominicans and Augustinians who had piled up significant property, this was no small matter. They argued that they were exempt, due to special Pope-related privileges.    The first Jesuits arrived in 1588, and in 1610 Philip III announced that only the “sword of the word” should be used to control Paraguayan Indians, mostly Guarani. The church granted Jesuits big powers to phase out the encomienda system of forced labor, angering settlers dependent on a continuing supply of Indian labor and women who live with, and sleep with, men who may already be married. The first Jesuit mission in the Paraguay area which included the border areas of Paraguay, Argentina, and Brazil was founded in 1609. By 1732, the Jesuits had gathered into 30 missions or reductions a total of 141,382 Guarani.

Due to disease, related to Europe politics, and internal disagreement, the population in the missions lowered in numbers after that. In the early years the new Jesuit reductions were threatened by the slave-breaking into bandeirantes. The bandeirantes were taken prisoners forced by Indians and sold them as slaves to planters in Brazil. Having used reduced the Indian population near Saco Paulo, they discovered the richly populated reductions. The Spanish people in charge chose not to defend the settlements, and the Jesuits and their thousands of newbies this way had little means to protect themselves.The reductions, were the Jesuits created orchestras, musical groups (of performers or objects), and actors’ groups, and in which almost all the profits came  from Indian labor were distributed to the workers, earned praise from some of the leaders of the French understanding, who were not previously influenced to favour Jesuits. “By means of religion,” d’Alembert wrote, “the Jesuits established a related to a king or queen authority in Paraguay, founded only on their powers of persuasion and on their kind said of a judge who doesn’t usually give long sentences methods of government. Because of their success, the Paraguayan Jesuits gained many enemies, and the Reductions fell to changing times.

During the 1720s and 1730s, Paraguayan settlers fought against Jesuit privileges in the angrily fight against unfair authority of the Comuneros and against the government that protected them. Although this angrily fight against unfair authority failed, it was one of the earliest and most serious risings against Spanish authority in the New World and caused the crown to question its continued support for the Jesuits.    That Jesuits have done a lot to contribute to our society and our world in many different ways such as the pendulum clocks, pantographs, barometers, and reflecting telescopes. The also help contribute in mathematics, astronomy. The Jesuits when on different missions all over the world to help further us as a society.

They have been a large part of our history and have helped us get to where we are today and without them we would not be as advanced as we are today.

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