Deforestationis the thinning or clearing of a forest orstand of trees by human where the land is then used for agriculture and development. Forexamples, the forestland or woodlands is converted to farms, ranches, or urban use.Recent and present deforestation mainly occurs in tropical rainforests. About 30% of Earth’s landsurface is covered by forests. Moreover, deforestation is the permanent destruction of forests in orderto make the land available for other uses.
There are several reasons that cause the deforestation to occur. For example,trees are cut down for the use for building or sold as fuel, it can in the formof charcoal or timber.Besides that, land is cleared for pasture for livestock and agriculture purpose.
The cutting down of trees withoutsufficient reforestation has caused the damage of habitat , lossof biodiversity,and aridity.During war, deforestation has also been used to deprive theenemy of vital resources and cover for its forces. Modern examples of this werethe use of Agent Orange by the British militaryin Malaya duringthe Malayan Emergency andthe United States military in Vietnam during the Vietnam War.As of 2005, net deforestation rates have ceased to increase in countries with aper capita GDP of at least US$4,600.
Deforestedregions typically incur significant adverse soil erosion and frequently degrade into wasteland. The problem of deforestation is becomemore serious from years to years. According to the United Nations’ Food andAgriculture Organization (FAO), an estimated 18 million acres (7.3 millionhectares) of forest, which is roughly the size of the country of Panama, arelost each year.
Besides, about half of the world’s tropical forests havebeen cleared. On the other hand, according to the research, about 30% of theworld’s land mass can be found to be covered by the forests. Recently, forestloss has contributed between 6% and 12% of annual global.
Furthermore, World Wildlife Fund (WWF)found that about 36 football fields worth of trees lost every minute.